Prophet Muhammad

Muhammad was the founder of the Islam religion. Considered by Muslims to be a messenger of God, Muhammad was born in 570 and his revelations from God make up the verses of the Qu'ran, the sacred text at the center of Islam. Muhammad died in 632 at the age of 62. Ask questions here about his life and his founding of one of the world's major religions.

Asked in Religion & Spirituality, Islam, Quran (Koran), Prophet Muhammad

Why are people Muslims?

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Anyone who is submitting fully to Allah (or God in English and same God worshiped in Judaism and Christianity) as the one and only one God with no partner, no companion, no father, no son, no associate, and no equivalence is considered Muslim. All God prophets since Adam through Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, David, Solomon, Moses, ..., Jesus, and Muhammad called for submission to God (that is Islam). However, Islam per the Bible revelation to Jesus is called Christianity and Islam per Torah revelation to Moses is called Judaism and Islam per Quran revelation to Muhammad is called the very name Islam as it is the last God religion and prophet Muhammad is the last God prophet. People are Muslims per Quran revelation to prophet Muhammad for the authenticity and divinity of Quran and the good principals and fundamentals of Islam teachings. Additional factor that persuades many non Muslims to convert currently to Islam is the scientific miracles in many Quran verses that its correctness and validity had been proved only recently through the advances in sciences, discoveries, and technologies although the Quran had be revealed from more than 14 centuries ago. Refer to related questions below for more details.
Asked in Islam, Quran (Koran), Languages and Cultures, Prophet Muhammad

What are the Muslim holy books called and in which languages?

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Answer 1 Qur'an is the only holy book of Muslims and Islam although Muslims believe in the divinity of all other God holy books (including the Torah and the Bible) as well as all other God prophets (since Adam through Noah, Abraham, Moses,..., and ending with Muhammad; peace be upon them all). Refer to questions below to know about Quran; about the Islam morals as extracted from Quran; and about the fundamentals of Islam. Quran was revealed by God to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Arabic (that is still an Alive language). However, Quran meanings have been translated to almost all languages of the world as Muslims are spread allover the world and speak their own country languages. The holy book of Islam is called the Qur'an. Muslims are committed to all teachings of Quran. Quran reflects real and true words of Allah (or God and same God in Christianity and Judaism) that had been revealed to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon). Per teachings of Quran and prophet Muhammad, Muslims believe in all God holy books as God revelations to His prophets (including Torah and the Bible) but not committed in their teachings. Muslims are committed; in addition to commitments to Quran teachings; to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) teachings through his sayings and practices (that is called Sunnah). Refer to the related question for more information on other holy and religious books as well related questions on more information about Qur'an holy book and its teachings.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad

How many wives did Prophet Mohammed have and what were their names?

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The above answer is not correct entirely. The main issue I have is the idea that Aisha was 9. These narrations are in the 2 biggest sunni books of hadith and the sunni scholars have graded those hadiths as weak based on the chain of narrators. We have a very strong biography of Asma relative to Aisha who is her sister. Aisha got married in 2 AH where her sister is 10 years older than Ashai and aged 27 in the year of hijra which is 2 years before 2 AH. This means Aisha was 27+2-10 years old at the time of marriage, 19.
Asked in Islam, Quran (Koran), Prophet Muhammad

Why do Muslims have prayer beads?

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They must say certain sentences a specific number of times the beads help keep track Answer II It is not essential to have beads as counting can be done on digits but beads make counting easy .
Asked in Prophet Muhammad

When did Islam start?

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For many Muslims the term "Islam" has two meanings: the Divine Religion of Submission to God's Will (often called Islam with a small "i") and the Institutionalized Belief as Found in Qur'an and Revealed by Mohammed's Prophecy (often called Islam with a capital "I"). islam with a small "i" is a concept that comes out of Islam with a capital "I" and projects the Established Religion of Islam back into the period before would have identified as Muslim. The purpose of said belief, in a functional sense, is to gird Islam in the history afforded by the Judeo-Christian prophetic lineage and ensure its authenticity. islam also affords the believer in Islam a continuity of tradition which Mohammed only continued and corrected as opposed to having the religion of Islam be an affront or disagreement with other divinely-inspired religions. Since islam is derivative of Islam, it does not actually exist prior to Islam. Islam, as an Established Religion, was organized and directed by Mohammed, who was born in 570 C.E. at Mecca, in Saudi Arabia. According to Islam, he received revelations from God in Mecca in from the year 610-632 C.E. He was supported by several family members like his uncle Ali Ibn Talib and his first wife Khadija to pursue these prophecies. He converted other members to his nascent religion before being expelled from Mecca to Yethrib (now known as Medina) in 622 C.E. When Mohammed became the Chief Hakam or Judge/Administrator of Yethrib, he received many new revelations and began to ask members of his community to memorize these revelations (along with prior ones). These memorizers (in Arabic Hafeths) would eventually be responsible for the creation of one unified Qur'an. By Mohammed's death, he had conquered all of Arabia and converted most of Arabia to his new faith, establishing the grounds for an Islamic Caliphate, which succeeded him.
Asked in Prophet Muhammad

How did Islam start?

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Answer 1 Some verses claim that the 'prophet' Muhammad was the first Muslim. For example, "He hath no associate. This am I commanded, and I [Muhammad] am the first of the Muslims." S. 6:163 At other times the Qur'an states Moses to be the first Muslim. "And Moses fell down senseless. And when he woke he said: Glory unto Thee! I turn unto Thee repentant, and I am the first of (true) believers." Sura 7:143. And at other times Adam, Abraham and Jesus (all born before Muhammad) were claimed to be the first Muslims. Because of the many contradictions in Qur'anic sources it can only be assumed that Islam started with Muhammad's claims of revelations in the 7th Century AD. Hints on Answer 1 above All the verses mentioned above are correct and don't show any contradictions. Each mentioned prophet is the first Muslim in his people otherwise how he calls them to Islam (or full submission to God as the one and only one God). Islam in its universal sense means full submission to Allah (or God in English and same God worshiped in Judaism and Christianity). Accordingly, Islam is God religion since start of universe and mankind creation. Quran source is only one source and not as mentioned above as Qur'anic sources. Quran only source is Allah (or God in English and same God in Christianity and Judaism0 who revealed Quran to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through the angel Gabriel (or Jibril). Islam started by start of universe creation and even before. Islam is an Arabic word that means full submission to God. All God creations are based on full submission (Islam) to God. All God prophets from Adam through Noah, ..., Abraham. ..., Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them all) called their people to Islam. Refer to related question below. Answer 2 Islam started when Man first stepped foot on the earth. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was not the founder of Islam, but rather the final and seal of the Prophethood. Fundamental message of all the Prophets (pbut) was the same, i.e., "There is only one God, Worship him alone." Quran says there is no a single nation to whom God hasn't sent a messenger. As per history, Islam began in Mecca, Saudi Arabia when God revealed the Qur'an to the prophet of Islam but....... the Muslim's perspective is completely different, as per Muslim, Islam and Quran....Adam, Abraham, Noah, moses, Jesus ( Adam, Ibrahaim, Nuh, moosa,Isa in Arabic respectively) are messengers of Allah and came with the same message of montheism and message of one god and being creator of universe. As per Muslim, Islam and Quran ... the Islam is absolute religion which exists from the day one of the mankind and Adam (peace be upon him) was the first prophet/messenger of Allah ....and the last being Muhammad (peace be upon him). The following verses from Quran proves the point .... And He (Allah) taught Adam the names of all things; then He placed them before the angels, and said: "Tell me the names of these if ye are right." ( Quran, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #31) Allah did choose Adam and Noah, the family of Abraham, and the family of 'Imran above all people,- ( Quran, Aal-e-Imran, Chapter #3, Verse #33) that cool We(Allah) have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the Psalms. ( Quran, An-Nisa, Chapter #4, Verse #163) And remember We (Allah) took from the prophets their covenant: As (We did) from thee: from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary: We took from them a solemn covenant: ( Quran, Al-Ahzab, Chapter #33, Verse #7) We (Allah) gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of apostles; We gave Jesus the son of Mary Clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the holy spirit. Is it that whenever there comes to you an apostle with what ye yourselves desire not, ye are puffed up with pride?- Some ye called impostors, and others ye slay! ( Quran, Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #87) Answer_3">Answer 3 Islam does not trace its ancestry back only to Hazrat Abraham (AS). However, the last Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammad (May peace be upon him) was the grand, grand son of Hazrat Ismaiel (AS)m who was the son of Hazrat Abraham (AS). Islam is the heavenly religion It is not limited to any particular region or country. The first Man and Prophet of Almighty God Hazarat Adam (AS) started Islam Religion. Islam is the set of rules given by Almighty God to the Prophets from time to time for the guidance of humans, especially when they turned astray. These rules were given to Hazrat Adam (AS), Hazrat Noa (AS), Hazrat Abraham (AS), Hazrat Moses (AS), Hazrat Jesus Christ (AS) and the last of the series of Prophets Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (May peace be upon him). He was born in Makka, Arabia in 570 AD and started preaching Islam in 610 AD when the first verses of the holy Qur'an were revealed to him. Thus Islam is the heavenly religion given step by step as human society advanced. It was completed at the last Prophet but the message of all the Prophets (May peace be upon them all) was the same: ONENESS of Almighty God Who alone is the Creator, Sustainer, Provider and Ruler of all the worlds He has created. He has No Son, No Parents and No Partner or Associate. The idea of Trinity was Not given by Hazrat Jesus Christ (May peace be upon him). It was invented much later. There have been about 1,25,000 Prophets who preached the message of Almighty God to human beings. Islam is a universal religion. It is above caste, color and geographical boundaries. It is the heavenly religion It is not limited to any particular region or country. The first Man and Prophet of Almighty God Hazarat Adam (AS) started Islam Religion. Islam is the set of rules given by Almighty God to the Prophets from time to time for the guidance of humans, especially when they turned astray. These rules were given to Hazrat Adam (AS), Hazrat Noa (AS), Hazrat Abraham (AS), Hazrat Moses (AS), Hazrat Jesus Christ (AS) and the last of the series of Prophets Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (May peace be upon him). With the passage of time the teachings of the earlier prophets were obscured, altered, or changed. There was a need of a new Prophet. Thus the last prophet came. He was born in Makka, Arabia in 570 AD and started preaching Islam in 610 AD when the first verses of the holy Qur'an were revealed to him. Thus Islam is the heavenly religion given step by step as human society advanced. Just as we pass one class and are promoted to the next class with advanced syllabus to read and practice. It was completed at the last Prophet but the message of all the Prophets (May peace be upon them all) was the same: ONENESS of Almighty God Who alone is the Creator, Sustainer, Provider and Ruler of all the worlds He has created. He has No Son, No Parents and No Partner or Associate. Answer 4 The Muslim religion is called Islam. Islam means full submission to Allah (or God and same God worshiped in Judaism and Christianity) as the one and only one God. In this understanding, Islam religion started by God by start of universe creation. Please refer to the related question below. Islam is an Arabic word that means submission to God, the one and only one God. In this sense Islam started with start of universe creation. However Islam per Torah revelation to Moses is called Judaism; Islam per the Bible revelation to Jesus is called Christianity; and Islam per Quran revelation to Muhammad is called the same name Islam. Islam religion per God revelation of Quran to prophet Muhammad (PBUH) started with the revelation of the first verses of Quran to prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel (Jibril) while the prophet was meditating in a mountain cave, called Hiraa, in Mecca (Makkah); that is currently in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This was in year 610 AD. See related question below for more details. Hints: Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) was born around 570 CE. Around the year 610 CE, Muhammad (Peace be upon Him), while in Mecca (presently in Saudi Arabia) began to receive Quran (holy book of Islam) revelations from God. In 622 CE, he left Mecca with his followers (due to sufferings in Mecca and being subject to assassination plot) to a city in the north named Yathrib (later Medina), where another Muslim community had begun to grow. The date of this emigration is the beginning year for the Muslim calendar. He didn't leave Mecca with his wife because she died before his immigration. His wife that he married when he was 25 years old remained with him as the only wife until her death after 25 years . That means that his only wife died in year 620 AD when the prophet was 50 years old. The prophet immigrated in year 622 AD and he had not married again yet. God is the same God of all prophets from start of mankind until prophet Muhammad, including the prophets Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. God's name in Arabic is Allah. The Angel Gabriel (pronounced in Arabic as Jibril) who informed the Virgin Mary (in Arabic Maryam) on pregnancy with Jesus is the same Angel through whom prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) received God revelation of Quran.Muslims believe in all of God's prophets, God's angels, and all of God's holy books (but in their pure form not their edited form). When the prophet died in 632 CE, Islam was on its way to becoming the faith of millions of followers. In Islam; Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) is regarded as a prophet - his role is more like that of Moses in Judaism rather than Jesus in Christianity. He is not regarded in anyway as divine, but the best of mankind and the most dear to God. Islam is not a new religion founded by Prophet Mohamed (peace be on him). Islam with the current disciplines is an extension to the religion preached by all the Prophets of God right from Adam, Noah, Abraham, David, Solomon, Jacob, Moses, Jesus (peace be on them all). Prophet Mohamed (peace be on him) is the last and final Prophet of God who called for Islam according to the Quran revelation given to him by God. Islam is the completion of the message which has been given to all the different Prophets. Updated Answer Islam means Submission to God. In this meaning it is the objective of God revelations to all prophets including Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, Solomon, Jesus until Mohamed. Judaism is the religion according to God revelation to Prophet Moses. Christianity is the religion according to God revelation to Prophet Jesus. The very name Islam is the religion according to God revelation to Prophet Mohamed. Islam , as the religion revelation to Prophet Mohamed, started in year 610 by the revelation of the first verse of Quran (the Islam religion Holy book) in Mecca (in present country Saudi Arabia). All the verses mentioned above (in Answer 1) are correct and don't show any contradictions. Each mentioned prophet is the first Muslim in his people otherwise how he calls them to Islam (or full submission to God as the one and only one God). Islam in its universal sense means full submission to Allah (or God in English and same God worshiped in Judaism and Christianity). Accordingly, Islam is God religion since start of universe and mankind creation. Quran source is only one source and not as mentioned above as Qur'anic sources. Quran only source is Allah (or God in English and same God in Christianity and Judaism0 who revealed Quran to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through the angel Gabriel (or Jibril). Islam started by start of universe creation and even before. Islam is an Arabic word that means full submission to God. All God creations are based on full submission (Islam) to God. All God prophets from Adam through Noah, ..., Abraham. ..., Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them all) called their people to Islam. Refer to related question below. By start of universe creation. God created all the universe and univese belongings on the principle of Islam that means full submission to God and to God will. Refer to question below.
Asked in Prophet Muhammad, History of Judaism

How did Prophet Muhammad treat the Jews in Medina?

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The following information are extracted from the link below: Judaism was already well established in Medina two centuries before Muhammad's birth. Although influential, the Jews did not rule the oasis. Rather, they were clients of two large Arab tribes there, the Khazraj and the Aws Allah, who protected them in return for feudal loyalty. Medina's Jews were expert jewelers, and weapons and armor makers. There were many Jewish clans-some records indicate more than twenty, of which three were prominent-the Banu Nadir, the Banu Qaynuqa, and the Banu Qurayza. Various traditions uphold different views, and it is unclear whether Medina's Jewish clans were Arabized Jews or Arabs who practiced Jewish monotheism. Certainly they were Arabic speakers with Arab names. They followed the fundamental precepts of the Torah, though scholars question their familiarity with the Talmud and Jewish scholarship, and there is a suggestion in the Qur'an that they may have embraced unorthodox beliefs, such as considering the Prophet Ezra the son of God. There were rabbis among the Jews of Medina, who appear in Muslim sources soon after Muhammad proclaimed himself a prophet. At that time the quizzical Meccans, knowing little about monotheism, are said to have consulted the Medinan rabbis, in an attempt to put Muhammad to the test. The rabbis posed three theological questions for the Meccans to ask Muhammad, asserting that they would know, by his friendus, whether or not he spoke the truth. According to later reports, Muhammad replied to the rabbis' satisfaction, but the Meccans remained unconvinced. Muhammad arrived in Medina in 622 believing the Jewish tribes would welcome him. Contrary to expectation, his relations with several of the Jewish tribes in Medina were uneasy almost from the start. This was probably largely a matter of local politics. Medina was not so much a city as a fractious agricultural settlement dotted by fortresses and strongholds, and all relations in the oasis were uneasy. In fact, Muhammad had been invited there to arbitrate a bloody civil war between the Khazraj and the Aws Allah, in which the Jewish clans, being their clients, were embroiled. At Muhammad's insistence, Medina's pagan, Muslim and Jewish clans signed a pact to protect each other, but achieving this new social order was difficult. Certain individual pagans and recent Medinan converts to Islam tried to thwart the new arrangement in various ways, and some of the Jewish clans were uneasy with the threatened demise of the old alliances. At least three times in five years, Jewish leaders, uncomfortable with the changing political situation in Medina, went against Muhammad, hoping to restore the tense, sometimes bloody-but predictable-balance of power among the tribes. According to most sources, individuals from among these clans plotted to take his life at least twice, and once they came within a bite of poisoning him. Two of the tribes--the Banu Nadir and the Banu Qaynuqa--were eventually exiled for falling short on their agreed upon commitments and for the consequent danger they posed to the nascent Muslim community. The danger was great. During this period, the Meccans were actively trying to dislodge Muhammad militarily, twice marching large armies to Medina. Muhammad was nearly killed in the first engagement, on the plains of Uhud just outside of Medina. In their second and final military push against Medina, now known as the Battle of the Trench, the Meccans recruited allies from northwestern Arabia to join the fight, including the assistance of the two exiled Jewish tribes. In addition, they sent envoys to the largest Jewish tribe still in Medina, the Banu Qurayza, hoping to win their support. The Banu Qurayza's crucial location on the south side of Medina would allow the Meccans to attack Muhammad from two sides. The Banu Qurayza were hesitant to join the Meccan alliance, but when a substantial Meccan army arrived, they agreed. As a siege began, the Banu Qurayza nervously awaited further developments. Learning of their intention to defect and realizing the grave danger this posed, Muhammad initiated diplomatic efforts to keep the Banu Qurayza on his side. Little progress was made. In the third week of the siege, the Banu Qurayza signaled their readiness to act against Muhammad, although they demanded that the Meccans provide them with hostages first, to ensure that they wouldn't be abandoned to face Muhammad alone. Yet that is exactly what happened. The Meccans, nearing exhaustion themselves, refused to give the Banu Qurayza any hostages. Not long after, cold, heavy rains set in, and the Meccans gave up the fight and marched home, to the horror and dismay of the Banu Qurayza. The Muslims now commenced a 25-day siege against the Banu Qurazya's fortress. Finally, both sides agreed to arbitration. A former ally of the Banu Qurayza, an Arab chief named Sa'd ibn Muadh, now a Muslim, was chosen as judge. Sa'd, one of the few casualties of battle, would soon die of his wounds. If the earlier tribal relations had been in force, he would have certainly spared the Banu Qurayza. His fellow chiefs urged him to pardon these former allies, but he refused. In his view, the Banu Qurayza had attacked the new social order and failed to honor their agreement to protect the town. He ruled that all the men should be killed. Muhammad accepted his judgment, and the next day, according to Muslim sources, 700 men of the Banu Qurayza were executed. Although Sa'd judged according to his own views, his ruling coincides with Deuteronomy 20:12-14. Most scholars of this episode agree that neither party acted outside the bounds of normal relations in 7th century Arabia. The new order brought by Muhammad was viewed by many as a threat to the age-old system of tribal alliances, as it certainly proved to be. For the Banu Qurayza, the end of this system seemed to bring with it many risks. At the same time, the Muslims faced the threat of total extermination, and needed to send a message to all those groups in Medina that might try to betray their society in the future. It is doubtful that either party could have behaved differently under the circumstances. Yet Muhammad did not confuse the contentiousness of clan relations in the oasis with the religious message of Judaism. Passages in the Qur'an that warn Muslims not to make pacts with the Jews of Arabia emerge from these specific wartime situations. A larger spirit of respect, acceptance, and comradeship prevailed, as recorded in a late chapter of the Qur'an:We sent down the Torah, in which there is guidance and light, by which the Prophets who surrendered to God's will provided judgments for the Jewish people. Also, the rabbis and doctors of the Law (did likewise), according to that portion of God's Book with which they were entrusted, and they became witnesses to it as well…. Whoever does not judge by what God has sent down (including the Torah), they are indeed unbelievers. (5:44) Some individual Medinan Jews, including at least one rabbi, became Muslims. But generally, the Jews of Medina remained true to their faith. Theologically, they could not accept Muhammad as a messenger of God, since, in keeping with Jewish belief, they were waiting for a prophet to emerge from among their own people. The exiled Banu Nadir and the Banu Qaynuqa removed to the prosperous northern oasis of Khaybar, and later pledged political loyalty to Muhammad. Other Jewish clans honored the pact they had signed and continued to live in peace in Medina long after it became the Muslim capital of Arabia.
Asked in Islam, Quran (Koran), Prophet Muhammad

What are the fundamentals of Islam?

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The main important principles or fundamentals of Islam religion are considered in the following: Monotheism: Islam, as its name means, is peace and the call for full submission to God, the one and only one, with no partner, no son, no father, no companion, no resemblance. This full submission to God leads to peace in yourself and between yourself and the universe that you are part of it. Muhammad prophethood: Prophet Muhammad is God messenger and prophet to call for Islam. Quran holy book: Quran, Islam holy book, was revealed by God to Prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. Quran is the text of God holy words that remained without single letter alteration or addition since Quran revelation to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) until present and will remain as such until (with God promise) the Day of Judgment. See related question, below, on why Quran was revealed. Sunnah: Prophet Muhammad sayings, doings, and practices that are recorded and authenticated by sincere early Muslims and followed up by Muslims. Islam five pillars: These five pillars to be believed and followed up in by all Muslims. Denying any of them intentionally and knowingly by any Muslim gets him/her out of Islam faith. See related question, below, on Islam faith pillars.These five pillars are: 1) witness that no god except the one and only one God (Allah) and Muhammad is his messenger and prophet, 2) performing praying (Salat), 3) pay the alms giving (Zakat), 4) fasting Ramadan (Sawm), 5) and doing pilgrimage (Hajj) by who can afford it. Faith Principles: To have faith in: God (Allah) God Angels God holy books (including Psalms, Torah, the Bible, and Quran) God prophets (including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad; peace upon them) day of Judgment Destiny Muslim conduct: To follow the Islam morals guided by the Quran and Prophet Muhammad Sunnah. See related questions, below, on Islam ethics and moral. Good deeds: Muslim is not only commanded to perform ritual worships but also, and equally important, to do good deeds for the benefit of oneself, family, community, and humanity.See related question, below, on Islam major teachings. No religion compulsion: You are created free and you have full choice to believe in the religion and principles that you find them correct. Only God, the Creator and the All-Knowing, will judge your choice on the day of Judgment then, in the other eternal life, you go either to Hell or to the Paradise (with God mercy).See related question, below, on Quran Golden rules. Cooperation for mankind goodness: God created people in different races, colors, peoples and tribes, and cultures not to live in conflicts but to compete in doing the good and to cooperate in piety and for mankind benefit. See related question, below, on how Muslims treat non Muslims. Answer B Five Pillars of Islam according to shia Muslims are: 1. Monotheism: The Oneness of Allah (tawhid) 2. Divine Justice ('adl) 3. Prophethood (nubuwwa) 4. Succession to Muhammad (imamat) 5. The Day of Judgement and the Resurrection (Qiyama) Practices of Islam according to shia Muslims: 1- Prayers (salaat) - 5 times a day 2- Fasting (sawm) during Ramadan 3-4. Alms giving (zakaat and khums) 5- Pilgrimage to the city of Makkah (hajj) 6- Holy Defense (Jihad) 7-8. Enjoining good (amr bil-ma'rouf) and forbidding evil (nahiy an al-munkar) 9- Supporting those who walk in the path of Allah (tawalli li awliyaa' Allah) 10- Turning away from the enemies of Allah (tabarri min a'daa Allah) Following are the Basic beliefs or Fundamentals of Islam. Basic Beliefs of the Muslims: 1. Belief in Almighty Allah (God) Sura Baqra -2. Aya 163: And your Allah is ONE Allah, There is no god but He. He is the Sole Creator, Sustainer, Provider and Ruler of the Universe. He has No Son, No Parents, No off-spring. He is Omnipotent, Omni-Present, All-Knowing, All-Seeing, All-Listening. HE and He alone deserves worship. All powers lie in His Hands. He alone is the Master of the Day of Judgment. He has No Partner, No Associate whatsoever. No one can understand Him completely. There is Nothing like Him. He is Most Merciful, Most Gracious, Most Forgiving. Oneness . 2. Belief in Angels Created by Almighty Allah Karim from light. They are obedient to Allah Karim. Carry out His commands. 3. Belief in all heavenly books, including Tora, Zaboor, the Bible, the last one being the Qur'an. 4. Belief in all the Messengers of Almighty Allah- No distinction among them. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) being the last Prophet of Islam. NO Prophet after him. 5. Belief in the Day of Judgment. Almighty Allah Karim is the Sole Ruler/Master of that Day. He enjoys the absolute authority to send people to Heaven or Hell. 6. Good and bad Destiny being in the Hands of Almighty Allah. No One can change his destiny. 7. Life hereafter: All the dead will be raised again and judged according to their good or bad deeds. There will be no death to them. 8. Hell and Heaven (Paradise) These may be further elaborated in the light of the holy Qur'an and the Sahih Hadith. Five Pillars of Islam: 1. Shahadat: [testimony that there is no god except Allah (God) the One and Only One, having No Partner whatsoever. And Muhammad is His servant and Messenger], 2. Salah: (praying five times a day) 3. Zakah: (specific compulsory charity-2,5% of annual savings) 4. Saum: (fasting during Ramadan) 5. Hajj: (pilgrimage) for each Muslim once in lifetime those who can afford it.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad

Who was hazrat talha?

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Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah was one of the Companions, one of the first people to have the honor of becoming Muslims, after Abu Bakr and Uthman, as followers of our Prophet (saas), who was tortured as a result and demonstrated great heroism in defending the Messenger of Allah (saas) at the Battle of Uhud. Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah caught the arrows fired at our Prophet (saas) by a sharpshooter called Malik ibn Zubayr in order to protect him; his fingers were cut to shreds and he was left one-handed. He received some eighty injuries in this battle, suffering spear, sword and arrow wounds all over his body, though he never left the Messenger of Allah's (saas) side, but always sought to defend him. When he gained consciousness, the first concern of Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah, who fainted from loss of blood when Abu Bakr and Sa'ad Ibn Abi Wakkas reached the Messenger of Allah (saas) was about the Messenger of Allah (saas) rather than himself.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad

Who killed Ali bi nu Abu talib?

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Abdel Rahman Bin Moljim, follower of the Khawarij sect, killed Ali while he was praying Fajr prayer with a poison-coated sword.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad, Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

When is prophet Mohammad's birthday?

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Answer 1 Nobody knows the exact. However, most scholars say it might be on 5 febuary 629 and 9th of rabi ul awwal...the third month of islamic calender. Though 9th Rabi al Awal is preferable, most of the Muslims in the sub-continent celebrate the bith day of the Holy Prophet (SAW) on 12th rabi al Awal, the same day he passed away. Answer 2 Prophet Muhammad was born on the 8th of June 570 AD. He started calling for Islam on the revelation by God of the first verse of Quran to him in year 610 AD.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad, Prophets

Number of daughters of holy prophet?

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These Prophet daughters were all born from Khadeejah and they were four. Their names were: 1- Zaynab 2- Ruqayyah 3- Umm Kulthoom 4- Faatimah All of his children died during his lifetime, apart from Faatimah who died after him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad

Who is hassan and hussain?

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Hazrat Hassan RA and Hazrat Hussein RA are Maternal grandsons of the Prophet Muhammad(saww). Hazrat Hassan (RA) and Hazrat Hussain (RA) were the most favorite and dearest grandsons of the last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). They were the sons of Hazrat Ali (RA) and Hazrat Fatima (RA), the dearest daughter of the last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). They are the Kings of the Youth in the Paradise. All the Muslims, belonging to any sect, love these two Princes.
Asked in Islam, Quran (Koran), Prophet Muhammad

What color was the Prophet Muhammad's horse?

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there was not a horse,there was a "Camel" and she was White in colour... Mohammed personally owned at least three horses. The British historian William Muir writes: The first horse which Mohammed ever possessed was one he purchased of the Bani Fazara, for ten owqiyas (ounces of silver, worth about £1,000); and he called its name Sakb ("running water"), from the easiness of its paces. Mohammed was mounted on it at the battle or Uhud, there being but one other horse from Medina on the field. He had also a horse called Sabaha: he raced it, and it won, and he was greatly rejoiced thereat. He had a third horse named Murtajis ("neigher"). Unfortunately, this does not give any information about the colour of the horses.
Asked in Islam, Quran (Koran), Prophet Muhammad

Why was the Qur'an revealed?

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The Quran (alternate spellings: Quraan, Qura'n, Kuran, Koran, Kura'n) is the holy book of Islam. The Quran was revealed to prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) from God by the angel Gabriel about 600 years after Jesus' birth. The revelation started by 610 AD and continued until 632 AD, the year of prophet Muhammad's death. One of the primary objectives of revelation in the Quran is to call people to worship one and only one God, without father, son, spirit, or duplicate of any kind. Also the Quran reveals that some of the previous revelations from God, including some texts of the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospels, have been changed and falsified over time, necessitating the need for a final revelation. The preaching sections of the Quran remind people about the coming of the Day of Judgment and then urges that this Day should be taken into consideration during one's lifetime. You are urged to be grateful to your God by doing good works. Good works are characterized by being socially relevant, that is, of benefit to society. The preaching considers a central theme that people should be conscious of God during this life and follow the direction of the way of God. The way of God is not defined by dogma but is indicated operationally in two ways. The first pertains to carrying out actions characterized only by being beneficial to the welfare of humanity (society). The second involves the means of gaining faith in God through observing His creation. The Qur'an stresses that all previous messengers and prophets of God are fully human and not divine. The Qur'an also contains teaching related to previous prophets. This teaching involves reminding Jews and Christians of some aspects of their Scriptures and traditions, and their basic deviations from God's original revelations. Among the more important teachings are ones dealing with the divinity of Jesus and the concept of Judaic exclusiveness. The Qur'an invites Jews and Christians to hear and accept the new message. Included in the Qur'an are statements and principles that establish the position of mankind on earth, and that provide guidance and freedom of choice. As a consequence of granting freedom of choice to mankind, religious diversity is taken for granted, so the Quran contains the principles regulating the dynamic coexistence among the various communities, faiths, and cultures. The Quran also deals with rituals such as praying, fasting, food restrictions, and pilgrimage. The Quran deals also with some aspects of social regulations like inheritance, punishment, marriage and divorce, and so on. The Quran also laid down the principles of human rights, women's rights, equality of all people regardless of gender, belief, race, or culture. One of the proofs that the holy book Quran was not written by humans or extracted from other books and that the Quran was a revelation from God to Prophet Mohamed is that the Quran includes many scientific statements that were only later proved by science. These statements are considered to be scientific miracles of the Quran; they were revealed by God 14 centuries ago and were validated in modern times. In this regard some words are quoted below by Dr. Maurice Bucaille (an eminent medical scientist and a member of the French Academy of Medicine). He is the author of the book entitled "The Bible, The Quran and Science." "Science and Islam's close relationship with it played a tremendous role in strengthening my faith and that of scientists throughout history - even today! This is a fascinating section - do take time to explore it!" The Holy Quran was written to create permanently copy of Allah's (God's) final message to Mankind after this there would be no more messages from Allah (God). Due the sheer importance of this message, when ever a part of it was revealed to Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peach be Upon Him) through the Angel Gabriel it was immediately written by almost every time by at least 3 people to create a hard copy in the presence of Holy Prophet (Peace be Upon Him). It was also immediately memorized by those people. Thus eliminating the chances of it being corrupted by anything and ensuring that what originally was revealed by Angel Gabriel is what exactly is in Quran word for word. In addition, Quran revelation continued over 22 year (started in year 610 AD through year 632 AD when prophet Muhammad (PBUH) died) that allowed many Muslims to memorize it by heart and reciting it in their prayers 5 times a day. Moreover, Quran texts were revised once every year by prophet Muhammad and the angel Gabriel and revised twice on the year of prophet death. All these facts confirm Quran authenticity and that it is the only holy book that reflects real God words with its original revelation language.
Asked in Christianity, Catholicism, Prophet Muhammad, Moses

In whom does God reveal Himself most fully?

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He reveals himself most fully to a prophet. (Islamic religion) Like Allah (god) revealed himself only to Muhammad (prophet), or (Judaism) God to Abraham and then Moses (prophets). Catholic Answer Outside of Our Blessed Lord, Jesus Christ, who was the fullness of God's revelation: God reveals Himself most fully in His Saints. These are the people who live their lives completely in accord with His Will. They pray continually, and do not offend Him with sin, their will is perfectly in line with His. They are the humble, in them, as in Mother Theresa of Calcutta that God is most visible. A BIBLICAL ANSWER God reveals Himself most fully is Jesus Christ. That is why whoever meets Christ meets God. Jesus Christ is Emmanuel, meaning God with us. Christ Himself said "who ever sees me sees my father for I and my father are one." Isaiah 6:9 says"..and His Name shall be called.......the everlasting FATHER......". The son that is born is also the everlasting Father. Praise God. A Muslim Belief Almighty God never ever revealed Himself fully to any one -NOT to any of the Prophets in this world. Almighty God talked to Hazrat Moses (AS) behind the curtain. When Hazrat Moses (May peace be upon him) expressed his desire to SEE Almighty God, he was told that he could not SEE Him. There is NOTHING like Almighty God. No body - not even any Prophet- knows for certain what shape the Almighty has. It is unfortunate that The Jews, the Christians and the Muslims exceed in their LOVE for their Prophets that they attribute the qualities that are associated with Almighty God alone. If Almighty God has a wife and a son, where are the off-spring of His son? Where are His Parents? If he revealed Himself fully to Hazrat Jesus (May peace be upon him), why didn't He reveal himself to Abraham (AS), Moses (AS), David (AS), and other Prophets?
Asked in Prophet Muhammad

Did the Prophet Muhammad have grandchildren?

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Yes he had grandchildren. Our beloved Prophet (May peace be on him) had no adult son. So, he had no grandchildren from his son. His sons died in their childhood. He had four daughters. He had grandchildren from his eldest daughter Hazrat Zainab (RAU), and the youngest daughter Hazrat Fatma (RAU). His daughters Hazrat Ruqyya and Hazrat Kalsoom were married, one after the other, to the third caliph Hazrat Usman (RAU). No off-spring from these two daughters are reported. The most loved grandchildren of the holy Prophet (May peace be on him) were Hazrat Hasan (RAU), and Hazrat Hussain (RAU). They were the sons of Hazrat Fatima (RAU) and Hazrat Ali (RAU). Both are the Chiefs of the Youth of Paradise.
Asked in Islam, Quran (Koran), Prophet Muhammad

How many times does the Quran refer to prophet Ibrahim?

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Quran refers to prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) 69 times in 63 verses (or ayas in Arabic).
Asked in Names and Name Meanings, Prophet Muhammad

What meaning of ayaan name?

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It is Arabic for the "Gift of God".
Asked in Prophet Muhammad, Prophets

Where did the prophet Muhammad go to school?

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prophet Muhammad Allah "god" choose him to teach all people so Allah teach him , schools for normal person not for prophet Muhammad .
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad

How did Prophet Muhammad celebrate Eid?

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Any date 1 Syawal in Hijriyah calendar. The holy Prophet (SAW) advises the Muslims to celebrate Eid by offering prayer, thanks giving Almighty Allah, and forgiving each other. Taking out processions, beating drums and making halla Gulla is not allowed in Islam.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad

What was Muhammad's role in the development of Islam?

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He made treaties alliance with nomadic tribes in the peninsula which helped Islam to find acceptance and be spread during this life time.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad

What did Hazrat Gibraeel tell Muhammad?

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The Angel Gibraeel (or Jibril or Gabriel) conveyed to prophet Muhammad (PBUH) the Quran God words and other God saying and commands. Refer to related question below.
Asked in Islam, Prophet Muhammad, Prophets

How is Muhammad different from other prophets?

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All God prophets came with the same message, that is to call for God worship as the one and only one God. The Creator. However, prophet Muhammad the last God prophet was merited that all his sayings and doings are also to be followed together with God teachings in Quran. In addition, Quran is the only holy book that reflects real God words in its revelation language that is still alive language (Arabic) without a single letter change.