Nutritional Measurement

The nutritional content information is provided on the side of the label of foods you purchase at the grocery store and is required by the FDA. The figures are based on a 2000 calorie diet. The serving size is provided on the label i.e. 2 crackers or 1 cup. Included on the label that is required by the FDA will provide consumers with the Total Fat, Saturated Fat, Trans Fat, Cholesterol, Sodium, Total Carbohydrate, Protein, different vitamins and other necessary information about food content. The ingredients are also listed on the label in order from highest quantity to lowest quantity.

How much protein is there in 1 whole chicken?

Because chickens come in different sizes, it is only possible to give a very rough approximation. Begin by assuming that even an average chicken could provide at least 4 servings, and a serving is about 1 cup of skinless, boneless meat. One serving provides about 40 to 45 grams of protein, and 4 servings - assumed to be one small chicken - would total 160 to 180 grams of protein.

How much is one gram of sugar?

One gram of sugar 1 teaspoon= 4 grams therefore 1/4 teaspoon= 1 gram 1 gram = 0.03527 ounces = 0.0022 pound 1 gram of sugar equals 4 calories There are 3-4 grams of sugar in a packet of sugar More "Sugar info": One cup of granulated sugar is 200 grams According to a NY Times article about sugar content in breakfast cereals, one popular brand contains 16 grams of sugar per serving, which makes you wonder if there is any flour or other substance in the bowl other than artificial coloring.

How many fiber grams are recommended per day?

25 grams if you are 50 or younger

How many grams of fat in a roma tomato?

1 medium-sized roma tomato contains 1 gram of fat.

How do taste buds help us to eat better?

they make u taste the food without them u wouldn'd taste the food. They also let you know if what you're eating is poison or if you are alergic to it or if you just don't like it before it enters you're system.

How many teaspoons are in 47 grams of sugar?

There are 4 grams of granulated table sugar in a teaspoon (3.99, actually). 47 grams would therefore be about 12 teaspoons.

What is the calcium content of cuttlefish bone?

Cuttlefish bone, sometimes known as cuttlebone and used as a source of calcium for caged animals, is 85.0% Calcium Carbonate.

What has more protein meat or lettuce?

It depends on how you measure it. If you go by the amount of food, regular ground beef has 14.35 grams of protein in 100 grams, whereas lettuce has 1.36 grams of protein per 100 grams. But for each 100-calorie serving, regular ground beef provides 4.3 grams of protein. By comparison, a 100-calorie serving of green leaf lettuce contains 9.06 grams. So lettuce provides the most protein per calorie. That's good to remember if you're watching your weight. Another view: To disregard calories, and go with nutrition by gram weight, meat (or fish) is an excellent source of protein. Lettuce has almost no protein to speak of. To eat enough lettuce to equal fish in protein would make your stomach explode. Lettuce is a very good source of vitamins and minerals. It is a lousy source for protein.

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How much potassium in fig?

1 medium-sized fig has about 116mg of potassium.

How many mg is .3 mcg?

There are 1000mcg in 1mg, or 1mcg = 0.001mg. So 0.3mcg = 0.0003mg.

How much potassium in chickpeas?

In one cup of cooked chickpeas, there is 477 milligrams of potassium. In 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of chickpeas there is 291 milligrams of potassium.

1 oz equals how many grams?

One oz is equal to: 28.3495 grams.

294.31g

How many calories are in 2 slices of toast with butter?

Calories in toast (1 med slice/33g): 88 Calories in 10g butter: 74 2xtoast + butter: 250 calories

How much saturated fat should a child have?

People worry about saturated fat because it is thought that saturated fats clog arteries. The scientific evidence supporting such a belief is shaky at best. Actually, it is excessive omega-6 intake that children need to be protected from.

How can you get control of your diet and stop overeating?

Having a plan and a good shopping list will help. A balanced diet will leave you less hungry for snacks later. If you do get hungry, eat unprocessed foods (a half cup) of almonds, yogurt, an apple or something of that sort. Avoid daily intake of soda, chips, cookies, ice cream and the like: remove them from your home. A pitfall for me was food at work that people brought in: avoid this at all costs.

What sort of nutrition problem is most common in Americans today?

To sum it up in one word: Overeating. The biggest nutrition problem is obesity. Americans spend billions of dollars yearly trying to lose weight. The United States is now trying to put a larger emphasis on preventative care (such as nutrition) to cut back on the medical costs caused by diseases related to obesity and poor nutrition (such as some cancers, heart disease, diabetes, etc.). Most people in the U.S. also have one or more risk factors that predict premature death and illness: 1/3 have elevated cholesterol 1/3 have hypertension More than 30% are obese More than 65% are overweight 10% are diabetic Diseases of affluence are epidemic among people who eat the standard American diet: 1/2 die prematurely of heart disease 1/2 of men develop life-threatening cancer 1/3 of women develop life-threatening cancer Over age 60, 30% have gallbladder disease One in seven suffers with serious arthritis 60% complain of bad breath (halitosis) Most have gastrointestinal troubles (indigestion to constipation) Americans consume too many macronutrients (carbohydrates, fats, and protein) and too few micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals like antioxidants). Much of the food Americans consume has been over-processed and stripped of nutrients. Some nutrients are are added back in to some foods, but those don't necessarily make the food as healthy as a whole, unprocessed food. There is an overabundance of refined and processed carbohydrates and fat in our diets, which not only leads to dangerous weight gain, but also contributes to diabetes, which is at epidemic proportions in the US, even among children. Burgers, rolls, pizza, sodas, french fries, etc., have unhealthy levels of processed carbohydrates or fat. And with the elimination of most physical activity by both adults and children, our bodies do not need the extra calories or the extra carbohydrates. Eating junk food, including refined or processed carbohydrates, fats, and chemical preservatives, does not fill our nutritional needs, so we crave more food and we keep eating. We become addicted to refined or processed carbohydrates, often without being aware of it. Over-consumption of pre-prepared and junk foods are the biggest nutrition problem. The problem is that they bring us an excess of sugar and fat and artificial colors, flavors, additives, etc., and a lack of vitamins minerals. The standard American diet is deficient in calcium, iodine, vitamin C, vitamin E, fiber, folate, magnesium, zinc, and potassium. In fact: 98% of Americans eat potassium-deficient diets because they don't eat enough plants 95% of Americans don't get enough fiber Over 92% of Americans are deficient in one or more vitamins. That doesn't mean they are receiving less than the amount they need for optimal health. That means they receive less than the MINIMUM amount necessary to prevent deficiency diseases. Up to 80% of Americans are deficient in magnesium. Almost 75% don't get enough zinc 70% don't get enough vitamin E 50% don't get enough vitamin D 40% don't get enough iron Up to 40% don't get enough vitamin B12 37% don't get enough vitamin C Much of the food Americans consume is packaged so that it can be shipped long distances and not spoil on the shelf. Besides the fact that all that packaging and shipping hurts the environment, the food is often less healthy than fresh food. Most Americans do not eat enough fresh fruits and vegetables, leading to deficiencies in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. We haven't been taught good habits. Consider the virtue of moderation, smaller meal sizes, as well as keeping meals well balanced. Meals with moderate amounts of healthy food and good helpings of vegetables are not the norm for the average American. They may have never learned to cook or how to make good food choices. Going out to eat, eating ice cream, doughnuts, chips, meat, sweets, candy, and junk food of all kinds is a problem. Go to the store and buy some oatmeal, broccoli, bananas, apples, lettuce, carrots, potato, rice, and lentils and other basic simple foods. Our food is making us sick. Too much cholesterol, saturated fat, dairy products, and sugar contribute to obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Half of men, ages to 65 to 74, and 39% of women, ages 75 and older, must take expensive statin drugs just to stay alive on the standard American diet. The more we know, the more we can fix the general nutrient-deficient diets we eat in America.

How many calories are there in the average slice of bread?

between 60-80 calories

What is the recommended daily allowance of potassium for adults?

Recommended daily allowance for Potassium US RDA: 3.5g EU RDA: 3.5g The Institute of Medicine does not have a recommended daily allowance for potassium, but an "allowed intake" that they consider a daily goal of 4.7 grams to lower blood pressure, blunt the effects of salt and reduce the risk of kidney stones and bone loss.

What is primary function of vitamin B?

B complex vitamins are water-soluble and mainly participate in the cell metabolism. There are 8 B vitamins which have slightly different, specific functions in the cell metabolism. Depending upon the vitamin B we are talking about. That is, Vitamin B1 or thiamine: essential nutrient required for carbohydrate metabolism; also involved in nerve function. Thiamine is converted in vivo to thiamine diphosphate, a coenzyme in the decarboxylation of alpha-keto acids. Deficiency of thiamine causes Beriberi. Vitamin B2 or riboflavin: Is a minor but crucial component in metabolic processes. One of the is linked to the glutathione reductase activity (this enzyme catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutathione disulfide, or GSSG, to glutathione, or GSH. GSH acts as a coenzyme in several enzymatically catalyzed reductions and plays an important role in the transport of amino acids into certain cells.). Glutathione reductase has an electron-transfer prostethic group, the flavin adenine dinucleotide or FAD. FAD as all flavins, contains the isoalloxazine ring, that allows it to perform processes of sequential electron transference. Humans are unable to synthezise the isoalloxazine component of flavins, so they have to consume food with flavin content, mainly in the form of riboflavin. Vitamin B6 or pyridoxin: Crucial in aminoacid deamination, the first reaction of amino acid breakdown, to remove excess nitrogen through urea. The coenzyme pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (or PLP), a derivative of vitamin B6, is required by aminotransferases during degradation of amino acids. Vitamine B12 or cyanocobalamine: It is converted by the body into its bioactive forms, such as: methylcobalamine and cobamamide, which serves as important enzyme cofactors. Severe deficiency may result in megaloblastic anemia and/or neurological impairment.

How many mg of potassium are in a banana?

A medium banana has about 422 mg of potassium. A banana is a pretty good source of potassium. However it is not sensational. It has about the same potassium content per calorie as a potato. While it's true that the average potato has roughly as much potassium as a banana, boiling/mashing potatoes will remove a large portion of that potassium. So homemade mashed potatoes aren't as good of a source as, say, a baked potato is.