Libraries and Library History

Repositories of knowledge, libraries have been a center of learning for many centuries.

Asked in Libraries and Library History

What is the ISBN of Books?

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ISBN means international standard book number. Each edition of a book gets a number. A paperback title gets a different ISBN than the hard cover. This is so when you order a book, you get exactly the one you want.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

Who was the first librarian?

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ptomomeo the first, and patolomeo, demtrio
Asked in Job Training and Career Qualifications, School Subjects, Libraries and Library History

Why do you want to be a librarian?

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A librarian works indoors, usually in a smoke-free, air-conditioned and quiet environment. The work is light- no heavy lifting and no dangerous machinery and no dangerous chemical and fumes. There are no sales quotas and usually very little pressure to perform competitively. The work is beneficial to mankind and you can find a job in any part of the country. You rarely have to make quick decisions and if you make a mistake on the job it can be corrected without doing anyone irreparable damage.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

What is Library cess?

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Library cess is the mechanism by which the state government collect revenue for the functioning of public libraries in the state. Library cess is a kind of tax which is levied on the house/property tax, usually it ranges between 5%-10%.For instance, if you buy a land for 1 lakh of rupees and the property tax is 10% and the library cess over it is 5%.Then,the tax alone will amount to 10 thousand and cess will 5% of 10000,that is,500 rupees. Then the total amount you will have to pay is rupees 1,10,500 out of which rupees 500 will go in the budget of libraries.
Asked in Libraries and Library History, Dewey Decimal System

Could you Give 3 examples of each classification Dewey decimal classification?

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000 - Generalities 030 - Britannica (British Encyclopadeia) 100 - Philosophy and Psychology 150 - Psychology 200 - Religion 220 - Bible 300 - Social Sciences 327 - International relations 400 - Languages 413 - English dictionary 500 - Natural Science 561 - Paleobotany 600 - Applied Science & Technology 618 - Gynecology & other medical specialties 700 - Arts, Music, Sports 793 - indoor Games 800 - Literature 821 - English Poetry 900 - History & Geography 920 - Biography 100 - Philosophy and psychology
Asked in Libraries and Library History

What are the different types of card catalogs?

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The three (main) types of card catalogs are: Author catalogue - each card is arranged alphabetically according the last name(s) of the author(s) of the item. Title catalogue - each card is arranged alphabetically according the title of the item. Subject catalogue - each card is arranged alphabetically according the subject heading(s) of the item.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

What does trace mean in a library?

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Tracings" is terminology from the card catalog. Before the time of printed cards (in which each card contains all of the bibliographical information) there was a primary card that had along the bottom a list of all of the headings that would be entered into the catalog for that bibliographic item. These included added authors, series entries, and subject entries. This card served as the control card for the item; if the item were withdrawn from the library, this card would list all of the cards that would need to be removed from the catalog, so that the librarian could "trace" them through the catalog. In electronic catalogs, the term can be used to refer to the set of added entries in the bibliographic record.
Asked in Libraries and Library History, Judy Blume

What is the theme of Forever by Judy Blume?

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Teenage sexuality (Artie included) and the lasting power of love (think of forever between Michael and Katherine and the death of Katherine's grandfather)
Asked in Books and Literature, Mythology, Libraries and Library History

How did books evolve?

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In very ancient times people kept track of their live-stock using pebbles.(Easier to count then the actual duck or sheep or cattle themselves.) It was easier to keep such pebbles in a bag or a cup for later reference. It has been suggested that one day an unfired clay cup was being used and the person using it found that the pebbles stuck (rather conveniently) to the sides, making sorting easier. From there the cup became a flat slab of clay (easier to get your hands around) and the impression that the pebbles made in the wet clay made a permanent record of the transaction of the day. The pebbles became obsolete as it was found that a stylus could be used to make the impressions just as easily. The first books therefore were ledgers. As hieroglyphics were invented to keep track of the different types of inventory and of the people associated with transactions, stories became possible to record. The Egyptians replace clay with papyrus (much easier to carry around) and of course could be rolled-up. These were the first scrolls. A scroll however has to be rolled out beginning to end and people found that a pile of short scrolls were easier to reference than a single large, long one, so they actually began cutting scrolls up into shorter lengths (shudder) and affixing all pieces to only one post. This was the earliest 'spine' of books. From here I'm sure how you can see further incremental improvements were made. All these stages (except the wet clay cup) have been recorded as being in use as the more advanced portions of the world observed the more primitive portions. There are still today 'rancher' who keep track of their livestock using pebbles.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

Who invented library?

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Depends on what you mean by a library. The earliest collections of written materials are found in ancient Sumeria, but many of these are just piles of financial records; still, it's a start in the direction of "Hey, we ought to keep this stuff in case we need to look at it later. " In my opinion, the first "real library" was the one at Nineveh, which was deliberately added to and maintained as a repository of knowledge in various subjects. Other famous libraries of the ancient world were those at Alexandria and Pergamum.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

What is library consortium?

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'Library consortium' may be defined as "an association or group of libraries who come together to achieve the common goal of 'optimum users satisfaction' with the participation in a common activity and sharing the resources."
Asked in Law & Legal Issues, Libraries and Library History

Are Law libraries are arranged in the same manner?

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Generally, yes, they are. However, Library Science, is it's own particular professional specialty and you may find some differences from one to the other based on the determination of the Librarian in Charge.
Asked in Definitions, Libraries and Library History

What does library mean?

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A library can refer to the building in which is housed books, reference guides, magazines, and other sources of information on a huge variety of topics. It can also refer to a collection of books or information on a specific topic, such as: "I have a huge library of books on Brain Surgery".
Asked in Pakistan, Libraries and Library History

What are the Biggest libraries in Pakistan?

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Quaid-e-Aazam Library in Lahore is the biggest library of Pakistan.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

Can you cancel a public library card?

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No, not really. A library card isn't a financial card, it's just a card that grants you borrowing privileges at a library (or libraries) and holds you liable for fines and/or fees if you don't return things on time or at all.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

What are the roles and functions of a library?

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A library is a collection of information, sources, resources, and services: it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution,or a private individual. In the more traditional sense, a library is a collection of books
Asked in Libraries and Library History, Library of Congress, Dewey Decimal System

What are the disadvanatges and advantages of Dewey decimal classification scheme?

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The advantages of the Dewey Decimal Classification system The Dewey Decimal Classification system is universal because of its numerical notation. Since there are different alphabets, a system based on Arabic numerals is used throughout the world. Documents are classified by subject. Those interested or specialized in a particular topic can find all the documents they need under the same classification. Three easily overcome disadvantages of the Dewey Decimal Classification system Classification by subject and not by topic For example, the topic of drug use is discussed in psychology (157), sociology (363.45) and medical (616.863) books. Three disciplines deal with the this topic in their own way. Books on drug use can therefore have different call numbers under the Dewey system. Nonetheless, an alphabetic catalogue of topics (used in both computerized and non-computerized libraries) makes it possible to locate these books. A reader who needs information on drug use (or any other topic) will consult the subject catalogue or the subject heading in a library and documentation centre management software program. He or she will obtain a list of all the books that deal with drug use, regardless of the disciplinary angle from which it is studied. The same topic can be studied within two different disciplines Let's go back to the example of books on drug use. If a group of authors publishes a book on all the aspects of drug use, this book cannot be stored in three different places. In this case, the librarian assigning the call number will determine under which subject the book will be classified. Again, if the reader consults the subject catalogue or the subject heading in a library management program, he or she will obtain a list of all the books that deal with drug use, regardless of the disciplinary angle from which it is studied. The length and complexity of call numbers discourages some users The Dewey call number can be regarded as an address. If I have to meet Mr. X and I know that he lives at 641 Elm Street, the address tells me where to go. The same is true of the Dewey call number; I don't need to know whether Mr. X lives alone, or if he has children, a cat or a dog-nor do I need to understand all the intellectual criteria librarians use to determine if a book is to be classified under such and such a call number. With regard to the length of the call numbers, remember that elementary and even secondary school libraries use the abridged Dewey Decimal Classification system (no more than 3 digits after the decimal point) to simplify the classification. Difficulties often arise when books are arranged by people who do not understand the decimal system. This is now less of a problem for students since decimal notation is a compulsory topic in elementary Cycle Two mathematics under the Québec Education Program. Lastly, to facilitate access to books even more, most school libraries have decided not to use the 800 class (literature), which categorizes works by genre, era and country. Literary works (e.g. novels, albums) are therefore simply stored under the letter F (for fiction) and then subdivided by the names of authors listed in alphabetical order.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

Why were libraries were so important in the olden days?

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Libraries were centers of learning and ideas. Educated people and thinkers often met at libraries to debate and talk about revolutionary ideas.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

What is a shelf list card?

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A shelf list card is an old style catalog card from the master shelf list file of a particular library. Shelf list cards often held more information regarding issue of magazines and journals, number of copies, sources of gifts, etc. than the public really needed to know. The shelf list cards were kept in call number order, and not open for public use. The public catalog card versions were filed by author or other main entry, title, and subject.
Asked in Libraries and Library History, Marco Polo

What was the name of Marco Polo's ships?

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No ships.He was 17 and went with his father to China to trade. His father had all ready been there and was trading with them. He was a Venice merchant so he took his son with him on the trip. Polo stayed 25 years before returning to Venice, Italy.
Asked in Libraries and Library History

Attitudes of students towards the use of library?

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if you have a good libaryan be kind back and make small jokes now and again. if you have a bad libaryan try and stay away from them as most as possible.