Intellectual Needs are a desire to learn something.
Examples of Intellectual Needs include:
someone getting an education for when they are older so they
can have a well paid job
someone needing a way to keep their mind occupied by doing
things like reading
a pregnant woman needing to learn how to prepare for a new
a student who asks a question
a baby learning to communicate by listening, then responding to
voices and sounds around them
a person who has difficulty with verbal communication...
in the UK it doesn't count
Under US copyright law there is an exemption for "performance or
display" of many types of copyrighted works in a non-profit
classroom, whether by students or teachers, in addition to the
"fair use" defense for other academic purposes. 17 USC §§ 110,
In theory, a public school in the USA cannot be sued for damages
in federal court, under the Eleventh Amendment of the US
Constitution, as it is an "agency of the state".
Respecting copyright law means not copying, altering,
distributing, or performing/displaying anything that is not your
wholly original work without permission of the copyright holder.
The digital age presents many opportunities to violate copyright
law, more than the law can keep abreast of, so it's important to
understand the intent of the law so you can make a good judgment
when the "letter of the law" is unclear.
Ford does not own Cummins or Cummins "patents". If they were
Cummins patents they would belong to Cummins. Cummins may well
license patents from Ford, cross-licensing is common in industry,
and there would be nothing unusual in that. Ford did own some
Cummins stock in the past, but Cummins is an independent company
with plants all over the world. This is a rumor that has circulated
for years, partly because of an old internet hoax. Ford does use a
Cummins in one...
No, patents only pertain to inventions. "Copyright", on the
other hand, protects creative works of original expression,
including greeting card designs. Copyright in over 160 countries is
free, instantaneous and automatic.
If there are inventions included in the greeting card, such as a
music player or a recording device, then that portion might be
protected by a patent in addition to the copyright of the artistic
and literary portions of the card.
Generally speaking it could be considered so.
There are cases, however, where it could have significant impact
if the trademark is a very famous one and could be sold or traded
as a separate asset.
Trademarks are used to distinguish one business firm's products
from another. Their symbols may be a word or words, name, design,
picture, or sound. Trademark rights have an indefinite life, as
long as they are being used.
Trademarks may optionally be registered in one or more states or
with the federal government, provided they are suitable and
distinctive within their field.
I always understood that recording songs off the radio was legal
as long as you didn't sell the tapes. This would be the law of the
USA, under the Supreme Court decision known as "The Sony" case,
with respect to recording TV shows, deemed to be "legal" as a "fair
use" for personal time-shifting.
In other countries it may not be legal: you would be duplicating
the work without a license, which is one of the exclusive rights of
the copyright holder....
There is no specific Patent Law School. However in America once
youdo 4 years of Undergrad (Bachelors) and get admitted to a law
school of your choice in JD Juris Doctorate Program you will spend
four years studying law.
In your third year you will be able to select elective courses
and you can chose to specialize in by studying IP intellectual
property law. Than do some externship to gain exlerience.
Patent Law study itself is one semester unless you go into
Yes. If the brand name is a registered trade mark, the keys to
avoid a copyright infringement lawsuit include: 1. The use of the
brand name in the blog is not likely to cause confusion about
whether the blog is endorsed or supported by the owner of the brand
name. 2. The brand name is not being used in commerce or for any
commercial use. 3. The use of the brand name neither blurs nor
tarnishes the brand name, nor is...
Copyright law protects original works of authorship including
literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works. It can include
works such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and
It allows an author to control how a work is duplicated,
distributed, displayed, performed and who is allowed to create
Most countries' laws are very similar, based on the Berne
Convention. The US and several others have extended protection from
life + 50 years to life + 70 years for works of a single creator,
and some countries have optional formal registration in addition to
the automatic protection demanded by Berne.
That being said, not all countries are equally conscientious
about enforcing their IP laws.
1. appealing to or engaging the intellect: intellectual
2. of or pertaining to the intellect or its use: intellectual
3.possessing or showing intellect or mental capacity, especially
to a high degree: an intellectual person.
4.guided or developed by or relying on the intellect rather than
upon emotions or feelings; rational.
5. characterized by or suggesting a predominance of intellect:
an intellectual way of speaking.
Define what you mean by "fanciful" words.
Some corporate names and trademarks which contain words or
combinations of words can be, and are, trademarked, even though
some are strictly made-up 'nonsense' words that are used to 'brand'
various products, etc.
However, the word or words you use, must be assopciated with
something. You can't just make up a word or a phrase,
and then copyright or trademark that word or words. The words must
be associated with something that has a 'value.'
Yes, but it varies between countries, types of IP (copyright,
trademark, patent), and sometimes even within those types. In the
US, the expiration is required by the Constitution, which specifies
the exclusive rights are to be "for limited times." Most copyrights
are protected for the life of the author plus 50 years, although
some countries (including the US) have extended this to 70 years.
Patents are typically good for twenty years, while trademarks can
be protected in perpetuity as long as they...