History of Aviation

Ask questions here about the invention and development of aircraft, notable events and famous people involved in aviation history.

Air Travel
History of Aviation

How long is the shortest commercial flight?

The UK airline Loganair has a flight that goes from the island of Westray to the island of Papa Westray in the Northern Isles of Scotland. It covers about 1.7 miles and lasts around a minute on average. If there is a strong headwind, the flight can take closer to two-and-a-half minutes; with a tailwind, itÒ€ℒs been completed in 53 seconds.

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Air Travel
History of Aviation

Where was the Wrights first airplane flown?

At Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina. Orville and Wilbur Wright flew their first powered airplane there.

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Heroes (TV Series)
History of Aviation
Pilots (aviation)

Is Sully the pilot a real hero?

Sully saved more than 150 people onboard the airplane so yes he is the real hero.

(No offense to the original person who answered, but I am going to expand upon what they said. Heroism is subjective really, in that everyone has a different idea as to what makes someone a hero. One of the engines stopped working on Sully's plane due to being hit by birds and the possibility of the plane crashing into land and everyone in the plane {and of course people on the ground when/where the crash happened} would have ended up dying. His quick thinking, and the fact that he kept calm, and the actions to guide the plane to land on the Hudson River saved over 100 people. Many people would call that a hero, but Captain Sully's modesty and humbleness caused him to tell the media in interviews that he was no hero - he was only doing his job and that he would do it again if the situation arose.)

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Inventions
Airplanes and Aircraft
History of Aviation

What propulsion improved airplane flight?

Jet propulsion improved airplane flights. Before that piston engines were used. They were much slower compared to the jet engine.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Air Travel
History of Aviation

Who flew the the first airplane?

Although the Wright brothers are largely credited for the first flight, lots of people beat the Wrights to powered, heavier-than-air takeoffs:

  • John Stringfellow launched a successful indoor flight with a small steam-powered model propeller plane in 1848. However, his flight was unmanned.
  • Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim's 7,000 pound Biplane Test-rig reached an altitude of 3 feet with three people on board on July 31, 1894 in London.
  • New Zealander Richard Pearse made short semi successful flights in a gasoline-powered plane, in mid-1903 (the year is disputed).

What the Wrights invented was the first practical airplane - one capable of controlled, sustained flight. Orville Wright flew "Flyer 1", the world's first piloted powered aeroplane, at Kill Devil Hills on the Outer Banks of North Carolina, on December 17, 1903.

Wright Brothers National Memorial, located in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, commemorates the first successful, sustained, powered flights in a heavier-than-air machine.

Orville Wright was the first person to fly in an airplane.

The Wright Brothers (Orville and Wilbur) are generally credited with the first manned flight of a powered aircraft (not a glider), in December, 1903. The first successful flight was flown by Orville on December 17, 1903.

Other claims to earlier manned flight include those of Richard Pearse of New Zealand (early 1903) and Gustave Whitehead (Weisskopf), a German-American in Connecticut (1901). However, information surrounding these flights remains ambiguous, unlike the photographed and publicized Wright experiments at Kitty Hawk, NC.

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History of Aviation

Why was the Red Baron famous?

Baron Manfred von Richthofen was a German fighter pilot who is remembered as an ace. More precise, the 'ace of aces. He shot down 80 planes during the 1st World War.

He flew high on top because in the skies there was still the romance and chivalry of knights who faced opponents in challenges.

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Explorers and Expeditions
Amelia Earhart
History of Aviation

What was the name of Amelia Earhart's plane?

There are several planes correctly associated with Amelia Earhart. There was also an autogyro used for altitude record attempts (many of which still hold as autogyros are obsolete). Her autogyro flights were sponsored by the Beech-Nut company.

  • Her first was a yellow Kinner Airster that she bought in 1921. Amelia named it 'Canary'
  • Her second was an Avro Avian bought in 1929 in England.
  • Fokker tri-motor on floats used for her first Atlantic hop, code named Friendship. This was a Fokker F.VIIB piloted by Wilmer Stutz. This was owned by a publishing company.
  • Lockheed Vega landplane ( high winged, red) known affectionately by Amelia as the little Red Bus. Either it or an identical production model is in the Smithsonian air and space museum.
  • (2) Model l0-E Electras, one written off in a minor accident in Hawaii, the other used in her ill-fated circumnavigation attempt known correctly as the Electra Project. The Electra had different N-serial and radio call letter numbers- the radio call sign being KHAQQ. The fact different codes were used for the regular serial number and the radio call sign (normally these are the same or related) may suggests something clandestine. The N-number roughly corresponds to an automobile "license plate number."

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Airplanes and Aircraft
History of Aviation

Why was the airplane created?

a better use for transpotation
for the same reasons everything else is invented, exploration and to see if it could be accomplished, pushing the bounds of what possible...its what humans are best at.

It really was two brothers who invented it...and it didnt have anything to do with the war! Sure later on the warmongers hijacked the idea and used it for that purpose (like the way physicists hijacked Einstein's theories about relativity to make possible the atomic bomb!)

Just to find a new way for transportation, exploration... i guess...

since greek mythology with the guy that had the wings and jumped off the cliff but the sun melted it and he died? well anyways, mankind has always dreamt of flight....if you dream it, you can achieve it...

so people can go places all across the globe
To prove that air- traver was better that train or sea.

to transport people from one destination to the other.

For many centuries man has desired to fly. The development of the internal combustion engine made powered flight possible.
Airplanes were developed to take advantage of the shortest travel distance between two points, which is a straight line. By eliminating the need to go around surface obstructions (cars and trains), or to sail around the continents, aircraft made it possible to carry people and cargo much more rapidly from place to place. Airplanes also made transportation possible to some areas which were previously extraordinarily difficult to reach, such as Antarctica and tropical jungles.
Have you never felt the desire to fly? Prehistoric man looked at the birds with envy. I cannot imagine life without flying. I fly over 700 hours a year and can't wait to go up again. Higher and faster are also in the mix.
well because to go places far away if you dont have a car or if you have to cross lots of oceans...........................dah
THe first ariplane was invented because of faster transportation and so people can cross oceans.
THe first ariplane was invented because of faster transportation and so people can cross oceans.
plants were invented to eat and they give us air too!
to transport people or objects to different locations

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Wright Brothers
History of Aviation

When did the Wright brothers fly their first airplane - the Wright Flyer?

On 17 December 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright made the first recorded controlled flight in a powered aircraft, for a distance of 120 feet. Orville was the pilot. The flight lasted for twelve seconds.

It was the first official "engine-powered, controlled fixed wing, heavier-than-air" flight and was completed at Kill Devil Hill, Kitty Hawk in North Carolina.
The Wright Brothers first flew a controlled and sustained powered airplane flight on December 17, 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
December 17, 1903
On December 17, 1903, Orville Wright piloted the first powered airplane 20 feet above a wind-swept beach in North Carolina. The flight lasted 12 seconds and covered 120 feet.

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History, Politics & Society
History of Science
Famous People
History of Aviation

Who was the first to break the sound barrier?

Charles Yeager

Information on Charles Yeager:

Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager was born on 13 February 1923 in Myra, West Virginia. After joining the army at age 16 and training as an aircraft mechanic, he was then selected for flight training. His service record during WWII was impeccable, becoming an "ace-in-a-day" after shooting down five enemy aircraft in a single mission. Yeager remained in the Air Force after the war. He became a test pilot and was ultimately selected to fly the rocket-powered Bell X-1 in a NACA program to research high-speed flight. On 14 October 1947 he broke the sound barrier in the technologically advanced X-1.

Yeager continued to work with experimental craft, achieving faster and faster speeds. He piloted the X1-A, a longer and more powerful version of the X-1, to a speed of mach 2.4 on 12 December 1953. This was almost two and a half times the speed of sound and the fastest of any human being to that date.

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History, Politics & Society
Speed of Sound
History of Aviation

How fast did chuck yeager go to break the sound barrier?

660 mph

535455
Space Shuttle
NASA
History of Aviation

What effect does operating an elevator have on an aircraft?

The elevator is a movable flying surface on the tailplane, it makes the aircraft dive or climb.

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Wright Brothers
History of Aviation

What business were the Wright brothers in before they built the first airplane?

They owned a bicycle shop in Dayton, Ohio named Wright Cycle Co.

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Decade - 1940s
History of Aviation
Fighter Aircraft

How much does it cost to buy a p-51 mustang?

$50,000 - $60,000

In 1945-1950 US Dollars

Thats probably x 310 if youre converting it on today's dollars

More Information

The USAAF paid North American Aviation around $51,000 per plane in 1945. Inflation since then would put that cost at approximately $650,000 in today's money.

Though more than 15,000 P-51s were built, only around 150 survive in flyable condition worldwide. A number of these have been converted to a tamdem two-seat cockpit configuration, and are used for commercial "fly the legendary Mustang" enterprises.

Occasionally, one comes up for sale. Asking prices I've seen start at around $1.5 million, but actual sale price data is not readily available.

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History of Aviation

What does slug mean in aviation?

The slug is the unit of mass in the US common system of units, where the pound is the unit of force. The pound is therefore the unit of weight since weight is defined as the force of gravity on an object. While the pound force and pound weight are the widely used units for commerce in the United States, their use is strongly discouraged in scientific work. The standard units for most of scientific work are the SI units.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Air Travel
History of Aviation

What was the name of the first airplane flight to the north pole?

the first flight to the north pole has a bit of controvery to it - Admiral Byrd and his pilot Floyd Bennett claimed to fly to and over the North Pole in 1926 - Many people support their claim they made it and some do not - They at least came close but wither they did or not may never really be possible to know due to the poor state of navigation of the era and lack of photos etc - keep in mind that their is no land in the arctic, its just ice that is in consatnt motion so there are no solid landmarks to say "this is the place".

i dont think there was any particular name to the expedition but the plane was a Fokker tri-motor named the "Josephine Ford" and it flew to and from Spitzbergen, Norway in sixteen hours - part of the controversy is that some didnt think the Fokker was capable of making the flight in sixteen hours but later studies have shown it was under ideal circumstances able to do so - the real question is was their navigation up to the task of putting them over the north pole - probably not but they should have been able to come close

The first flight over the North Pole was claimed by Richard Byrd on May 9th 1926, but this was later discovered to be falsified.

So the first flight over the North Pole was by the airship Norge on May 12th 1926 with its crew of Umberto Nobile and Roald Amundsen amongst others.

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Inventions
Relationships
History of Aviation

Where did Jean Batten come from?


Jean Batten (died in the early 80"s) was an aviatrix from New Zealand.

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Miscellaneous Vehicles
History of Aviation

Did the Hindenburg crash?

No

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History, Politics & Society
History of Science
History of Aviation

Who was the first person to break the sound barrier?

US test pilot Chuck Yeager was the first person to break the sound barrier. He did this in 1947 flying the Bell X-1.

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History of Aviation

What aviation first is Janice Brown credited?

Janice Brown, a 98-lb former teacher, flew a tiny experimental solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, 6 mi in 22 min. near Marana, Ariz. (Dec. 3). The craft was powered by a 2.75-horsepower engine.

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Job Interviews
Sales and Customer Service
History of Aviation

How do you answer 'Can you describe a time when you failed to meet expectations on a deadline'?

Honestly! The questions asked on an interview want to know how you think, how you respond to situations, and whether you would be a good fit for their company. They are not interested in how some anonymous person on the internet would answer this question.
Generally speaking, if I'm going to miss a deadline, I tell my boss before hand. He then either extends the deadline or throws more assets at the problem to meet the deadline.
A good answer for this question would include a non-crucial deadline (perhaps providing feedback to an internal committee or completing your personal filing) in the name of customer service.

For example, "I was unable to meet my personal deadline of getting all of my reports filed by month-end because one of my customers had a critical issue I spent lots of time rectifying." Or, "Always one to take on extra duties, I volunteered to serve on my company's sports team committee. We were all supposed to bring ideas to the next meeting, but my teammate was out sick for the entire week and I covered her duties to ensure the customer received the same level of service they deserved."

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Inventions
Famous People
History of Aviation

How has Jean Batten influenced our world?

Jean Batten (1909 - 1982) was born and grew up in New Zealand. In 1929 she moved to England and took up flying.

In May 1934, Batten successfully flew solo from England to Australia in the Gipsy Moth. Her trip of 14 days and 22 hours beat the existing England-to-Australia record of English aviatrix Amy Johnson by over four days

Jean Batten has influinced our world by telling us that the key to every thing is not giving up and she has shown that anyone can do something if they stick to it.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
History of Aviation

What country made the first airplane?

That is NOT provable. Many airplanes were built and tested around the turn of the century. It is not even truly provable who made the first successful flight. The Wright brothers are generally given credit, but they had the backing and publicity of the Smithsonian. There is ample evidence that others flew about the same time or earlier, but had no publicity.

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Airplanes and Aircraft
Charles Lindbergh
History of Aviation

What was the famous plane that Charles Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic Ocean?

The Spirit of St. Louis, now on display at the Smithsonian in Washington, DC

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Charles Lindbergh
Decade - 1920s
History of Aviation

Why was Charles a. Lindbergh a hero?

1st person to fly solo across the atlantic ocean

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