Fables and Folklore
Fables and folklore are stories that convey a moral story. They usually contain some kinds of supreme being and try to explain where certain things come from. Folklores are usually stories passed down in a culture.
Asked in Fables and Folklore, Short Stories
What point of view is the author from the tortoise and the hare using to tell the story?
Did the Mothman cause the 9-11?
Asked in Fables and Folklore
What do myths attempt to explain?
There are actually several theories which are associated with this question. One of the first and foremost is that myths originated because they attempted to explain phenomenon which more primitive man couldn't understand, things like thunder or the ocean, by explaining with entities or system which they could identify with. Another theory states that myths were originally stories of the accolades of important champions or warriors. This theory is less accepted though because while it fits very well for certain mythologies, like the conquest of Ireland in the Book of Invasions, but ill fitting for things like the creation stories of the Native Americans. There are a myriad of other theories but those are the most prominent for myself.
Asked in Care of Rabbits, Fables and Folklore, Disney
Did brer rabbit escape the tar baby?
Yes. Brer Fox and Brer Bear stacked some wood around him, preparing to burn him up (he was helpless; all gooey with tar). Brer Rabbit, always one step ahead, begged the two not to throw him into the briar patch. He told them they could burn him and torture him, as long as they didn't throw him into the briar patch. So, Brer Fox and Bear decided to do just that. After they tossed him into the brair patch, they heard him giggling and laughing - he wasn't afraid of the briar patch! He was BORN in the briar patch! So he goes laughing and skipping into the sunset, having escaped the grasp of Brer Fox and Brer Bear once more.
Why are myths made?
To explain a practice or belief, to include a story as part of a people's traditions and culture or to make something up for whatever purpose are among the reasons for why myths are made. Specifically, a myth may explain a belief in the end of the world. For example, the Doomsday belief may trace back to some ancient person seeing the rise and fall of civilizations and applying that cycle of creation and destruction on a global or universal level. Or a myth may be a way by which a people distinguishes themselves from perceived outsiders. For example, the ancient Greek and Roman legends and myths were ways of uniting the peoples of Greece and then of Rome. The stories provided a common set of gods, a common reference point by which Greeks and hen Romans led their lives. Or a myth may be an opportunity for letting the imagination run wild and making something up for any number of reasons. For example, a myth may be a story that is made up about one's supposedly superhuman powers and abilities.
Asked in Fables and Folklore, Vampires
How can a vampire die or be killed?
Stab in the heart and head cut of in the day,that's how Dracula died! To prevent a person by turning into one hang garlic around there room. Fire does kill them but they will kill you first. The only way to make sure it is really died is a wooden stake through the heart. I hope this is helpfull. First off the terms 'die' or 'kill' is inapplicable to vampires as they are already dead. The proper term should be 'destroyed'. A vampire can be destroyed by anything that totally reduces their structure. For most a simple hacking apart suffices however there have been thoroughly dismembered vampires that have reassembled themselves and carried on. A stake through the heart does not kill a vampire. This is only to pin them down in their coffin so they can't get out. When the stake rots away the vampire is free again. The best thing to do is burn them thoroughly.
Asked in Fables and Folklore, Vampires
Do vampires exist?
Literary Answer: Since "Varney the Vampire" was published in 1847 there has been an endless number of stories about vampires in print and in movies, each being more outrageous than the one before it. The classic example is Dracula by Bram Stoker and the modern cinema incarnations of Twilight and the Vampire Diaries. Scientific Answer: No scientific evidence has ever been provided to support the existence of human vampires. Repeated studies into the subject by parapsychologists and monsterologists have revealed no factual basis whatsoever. Actual biological vampires do exist: parasites such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, bedbugs, leeches, and the vampire bat of South America (Desmodus rotundus). However, the absence of an actual pathology has not prevented historical and continued belief in such creatures. This includes the allure of romantic fiction and many cases of psychological/physiological identification with the concept. Input allegedly from Cal Tech: Perhaps apocryphal, the legend of medical indications lending themselves to the appearance of vampirism were bandied about the Cal Tech bars in the 1990's, as reported by Joseph Wambaugh. The basis for this was the way an uncommon genetic disease called Porphyria works. Porphyria is a hereditary disease that relates to the way your body generates heme -- part of the respiratory pigment, hemoglobin. Heme is a porphyrin, over-produced in this disease. Porphyria, being genetic disorder, may occur with greater frequency in small, enclosed populations. Places like Transylvania come to mind... Porphyria induces a photo-dermatitis which can cause terrible blisters to appear, which look like burned skin, and this in turn generates a justifiable fear of exposure to sunlight. Drinking blood slows porphyrin production, so it's conceivable that victims who knew this would seek blood sources. Wambaugh suggests cows but.. Garlic appears to block an enzyme that inhibits or removes porphyrin, hence the negative reaction to garlic (quinine does this too -- so never give a vampire a gin and tonic!). Porphyria attacks sometimes manifest with significant personality changes. Also, blood pressure often drops, which might explain the pale countenance. Don't give this rather fascinating speculation too much credence :} Citation, Delta Star by Joseph Wambaugh, and the NIH pages on Porphyria.
Asked in Fables and Folklore, Urban Legends, Zombies
How do zombies attack?
What is the dance drama on myths and legend?
DANCE DRAMA ON MYTHS AND LEGENDS Myths and legends in Bali often have a lesson or moral Balinese myths and legends are filled with animals with human characteristics, spirits, ghosts, magic, and ordinary people overcoming extraordinary situations Kbo Iwo is a myth about how Bali`s Lake Batur and Mount Batur were formed Many Balinese myths and legends are retold through dance and drama The Ramayana (the story of Rama) is a well-known legend and often retold with the use of shadow puppets Myths and legends Balinese myths and legends are retold to each new generation so that their lessons and morals are constantly passed on. They are most commonly passed down by parents or grandparents to children through the oral retelling of stories. Different art forms are also a popular way of expressing many of the island's myths and legends. The Balinese people often tell their stories through dance, drama, textile designs, puppetry and music. Balinese myths and legends are often filled with characters of animals with human characteristics, spirits, ghosts, magic and ordinary people who overcome extraordinary situations. Many stories are important as they teach children ideas about their land, traditions and customs. Kbo Iwo Kbo Iwo is the myth which tells how Bali's Lake Batur and Mount Batur were formed (see image 1). It is believed that there was once a giant as tall as a mountain who roamed the island, called Kbo Iwo. He would help the Balinese people build temples and villages, dig ditches and cut terraces out of the hillsides for rice paddies. All he asked for in return for his help was food. His appetite was enormous, however, and there was never enough food to satisfy him. His hunger would sometimes make him angry and he would destroy the things that he helped to build and then eat the villagers. One year there was a very poor harvest of food and the Balinese people could barely feed themselves, much less a giant. This angered Kbo Iwo so much that he rampaged across the island, killing and destroying everything in sight until all the homes, rice fields and temples were ruined. The people were very angry with Kbo Iwo and gathered together to decide how to stop him. They planned to make friends with the giant again and then kill him. The people begged Kbo Iwo to help rebuild the temples, homes and rice fields that he had destroyed in his rampage. The giant agreed and worked at replacing everything that he had destroyed. The Balinese people then asked him to build a well, which he started digging. As he dug, the earth piled high next to the well. The pile was as high as a mountain. After eating, the giant fell asleep in the well. Whilst he was sleeping the people poured huge amounts of lime (a sticky substance) down the well. The lime set around the giant and when he woke up he was unable to escape. The well then began to fill with water and it soon overflowed to become a lake. Today many believe that the lake is Lake Batur, Bali's largest lake. The pile of earth that Kbo Iwo dug out of the well is believed to be Mount Batur, Bali's third-largest volcanic mountain. The Ramayana The Ramayana, or The Story of Rama, is one of the most well-known stories in Indonesia. It originates from India but has been modified over the last 2000 years. It is an epic tale known by almost all Balinese people because it has been told so many times. Shadow puppets are used in the most common form of its retelling (Wayang Kulit - see image 2). This performance uses shadow puppets to retell the story over many hours. The basic storyline of the Ramayana legend is that there was a king who exiled his eldest son, the prince, to the forests of Dandaka for 14 years. The prince, Rama, went without question but his wife, Sita, and one of his brothers, Laksmana, would not leave his side and went into the forest with him. They began to build a home and because the forest was filled with evil and unknown creatures, the prince created an invisible wall around the house to protect his wife. A monster king, Rawana, discovered the home and saw Sita and thought she was the most beautiful woman he had ever seen. He plotted with his brother to kidnap Sita. Rama and Laksmana, on discovering Sita was gone, began searching for her. The bird Jatayu, king of the birds, had seen what had happened but had been stabbed and was dying. He was able to tell Rama what he had seen before dying. Rama and Laksmana headed towards the kingdom of the monkeys and their king, Sugriwa, agreed to help them find Sita. Once they reached the coast, there was no way to cross the sea. The monkeys worked for seven days and seven nights to create a causeway (a path over water) using boulders and tree trunks. They crossed immediately and were confronted by an army of giants sent by Rawana. The monkeys, however, defeated the giants. A number of battles occurred after they defeated the giants. During one battle, Rama sped towards Rawana shooting arrows as he ran. Although his arrows would not kill Rawana, they were able to push him further backwards until he slammed into two boulders and became stuck. The two rocks began to crush him. It was believed the rocks contained the souls of his two daughters whom he had killed. He was imprisoned between these rocks until he died. Rama ran Rawana's palace where he found Sita alive and unharmed. Rama, Sita and Laksmana returned to the forest to continue their 14 years of exile. On returning to their kingdom, Rama was made rightful king and ruled his people for many years. Other Balinese myths and legends The Balinese culture is filled with many myths and legends about all aspects of life from creation to death. Antaboga Antaboga (the world serpent) comes from traditional Balinese mythology. It is believed that Antaboga was the only thing to exist at the beginning of time and through meditation it created the turtle Bedwang (the world turtle). It is thought that all other creations came from Bedwang. Rangda According to traditional Balinese mythology, Rangda was a terrifying demon queen. She led an army of evil witches who fought againt Barong, who led the forces of good. The word rangda means widow in Indonesia and many people believe that this myth is based on reality. There was once a Javanese queen, Manendradatta, who was exiled by her husband, Dharmodayana, for using witchcraft. The queen took revenge and began to kill the kingdom with a plague. She was finally stopped by a holy man and it is believed that Rangda was this queen in some form. The Balinese culture depicts Rangda's struggles with Barong and her son in a popular drama/dance. She is most often depicted as having long and messy hair, claws, fangs, and big eyes. See animation Setesuyara and Batara Kala Setesuyara and Batara Kala are both underworld goddesses. They are thought to be the gods of the underworld who rule from a cave. Batara Kala is also known as the creator of the light and the earth. this may answer your questions. but use it for good :))
Asked in Fables and Folklore, Superstitions
What are some examples of superstitious beliefs?
Bad Luck, general - Walking under a ladder is bad luck. - Spilling salt is bad luck, to avert this throw a pinch of it over your left shoulder. - Putting your clothing on inside out or backward is only unlucky if you remove the piece of clothing and turning it "right." Bells - the sound of bells is said to frighten away evil spirits, which is why they are rug at weddings, funerals, and on New Years Day. - "Gremlin" bells are commonly hung on motorcycles to keep "bad" spirits from catching a ride. Birds, - Crows tell fortunes per the following poem: One is for bad news, Two is for mirth. Three is a wedding, Four is a birth. Five is for riches, Six is a thief. Seven is a journey, Eight is for grief. - Crows - It is bad luck to have a crow fly across your path. To avert this, recite the alphabet as fast as you can, before the crow completes its flight. - Blue birds are a favourite tattoo of sailors, ensuing a safe return home. - Any bird flying into your house through an open window and out again is said to predict a death in the household. Cats, black - It is bad luck to have a black cat cross your path. This is a regional thing as black cats are considered lucky in some areas of the world. - If a black cat walks toward you it will bring good luck to you. - If a black cat walks away from you, it will take your luck with it. Colours Red - Do not wear red in an electrical storm, the colour is said to attract lightening Green - Green was once said to be the colour of a witch; actors believe green will bring bad weather or "natural disaster". Yellow - Believed to be the colour or cowardice. Black - Believed to be the colour of death and funerals. Death - When a person dies and their eyes are still open, they are said to be awaiting the arrival of more souls of family members. - It is considered inauspicious to speak ill of the dead. - The inexplicable howling of dogs is said to foretell the death in the household. - A last meal is often laid for the departed spirit, to assure them a good passage to the next world. - A candle is often lit to "light their way." - When a person dies at home, all the windows in the house should be opened to allow the soul to depart easily. - Mirrors are covered so the dead will not be startled by their reflection. Fridays (including the 13th) - Never start a journey, a business proposition or a marriage on a Friday. - Black Friday, also known as Friday the thirteenth (see separate answer in related questions) Good luck charms etc. - It is lucky to meet a chimney sweep. - Carrying a rabbits foot is lucky (for everyone but the rabbit). - Find a penny pick it up, all day long you'll have good luck. - Hang a horseshoe (ends up) over a doorway, or in a room to bring good luck. If the horse shoe is from the rear hoot of a grey horse, all the better. - Seeing a grey horse is good luck, riding in a cart pulled by one is even better. - Finding a four-leafed clover is fortunate. - Seeing a butterfly on the first day of the year will bring the viewer a prosperous year. - Catch a falling leaf on the first day of autumn and you will not catch cold that winter. Hygiene - Sweeping at night will reduce your "blessings." - Never sweep dirt out of your door, you will sweep your good luck out with it. - Bathing at night is the equal of a cup of blood lost. - Do not allow the birds to use your hair as part of their nest, as it will cause you to become confused. Jewellery - Allowing anyone else to wear your wedding band is an invitation for your spouse to be unfaithful. - Buying opals for yourself is unlucky unless they are your birthstone. - Certain specific gems (frequently diamonds) for example the Hope Diamond, are "cursed". - A bride will shed tears for every pearl she wears to her wedding. Mirrors - Breaking a mirror brings seven years bad luck. - Mirrors should be covered in a household in mourning. - Covering a mirror during a thunderstorm will keep the thunder from shattering it. - It is unlucky for a baby to see its reflection in a mirror before its first birthday. Doing so, could cause the child to have crossed eyes or to stutter. - Looking into a mirror over someone's shoulder will result in a quarrel between the two people. - If a mirror falls from the wall (unaided) and breaks, it foretells of a death in the household. Miscellaneous - Always enter a room/building on your right foot. - Always enter and leave a building by the same door. - Always enter and leave a bed on the same side. - Cover your mouth when you sneeze, your soul is said to take leave of your body in this manner. This is also why people say "Bless you" to someone who sneezes. - Giving a wallet without money in it will mean the wallet is empty in future. - Never give a knife as a gift (the recipient should always pay, even a penny) or it will turn on its owner. - Peacock feathers are unlucky if kept indoors, doubly so if you purchased them for yourself. - Step on a crack, break you mother's back. - Sleeping late, will cause a decline in blood (cause illness). - Sleeping with wet hair, will bring snakes to sleep with you. - Three people on a match (lighting three cigarettes on one match) is very unlucky. - Do not turn a loaf of bread upside down after you have sliced it. Umbrellas - Opening an umbrella inside the house brings bad luck to the person, and the entire household. - Opening one under a roof, you will drown the next time you swim. - Placing an umbrella on a bed or table brings misfortune. - If you drop an umbrella, you should not pick it up yourself. A woman who picks up her own fallen umbrella will never marry. - An umbrella (particularly a black one) is unlucky on a ship. Weather - Rain on your wedding day is considered good luck. - Red sky at night, sailors delight. Red sky in the morning, sailor take warning. - Seeing a rainbow, particularly one that is a complete arch, is good luck. - Keep an acorn on the window sill will keep the household safe from lightening. Weddings - It is unlucky for a groom to see his bride, on the day of the wedding, before the ceremony starts. - It is unlucky for the groom to see the bride in her wedding dress before the ceremony starts. - It is unlucky for the bride to wear her wedding dress (other than for fittings) before the day of the wedding. If she does the marriage is said to be at risk of cancellation. - Purchasing the engagement ring and the wedding band at the same time is considered bad luck. - Wearing your wedding band before the ceremony is bad luck. - Dropping the wedding band during the ceremony will doom the marriage to failure. - A bride should never wear the colour green on her wedding day. - A bride should throw away all of the pins from her dress and veil to avert bad luck. - It is good luck to find a spider in your wedding dress - It will bring prosperity to the marriage for the bride to have a coin in her left shoe. - Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue. A bride should have all these to ensure a happy marriage. - Before she leaves the house, a bride should feed the family cat (if there is one) and look at herself, just once in a full length mirror. - It is good luck for a bride to encounter a lamb or a dove on her trip to the church. - On the way to the wedding, it is unlucky to pass an open grave, cross running water, or encounter a blind or cross-eyed person. - It is important that both the bride and the groom step into the church on their right foot. - A groom should give alms to a poor person on the way to the church and the bride give alms to a poor person on the way from the church. - The bride usually throws her bouquet over her shoulder as she departs the reception. The young woman who catches it is said to be the next to marry. - Brides are often carried over the threshold of their new homes as it is unlucky to enter on the left foot, and unluckier still to trip when entering. - Do not wear green to a wedding, it will bring misfortune to the couple. - It is bad luck to wear black to a wedding, black being the colour of death & funerals. - Marrying a man who's surname starts with the same letter as yours is said to be unlucky. - The spouse that falls asleep first, is believed to be the one who will die first, Wishes - Wishes made on the first star seen of an evening are said to come true. - If you make a wish and blow all of the candles on your birthday cake out in one breath, the wish is said to come true. - Falling stars are favourite things to make wishes on. 1 - Dont pass salt (it passes bad luck); 2 - Having an elephant ornament facing your door drives away evil spirits; 3 - New shoes on a table (bad luck); 4 - Walking under scaffolding (I don't know why but it freaks me out - I think its either bad luck or something will fall on me); 5 - If you masturbate hair will grow on the hand you use; 6 - Having sex standing up is a form of contraception (NO! It isn't :P) 7 - Walking under a ladder is bad luck; 8 - If the cows are laying down it will rain; 9 - An itchy nose means a surprise; 10 - Burning ears mean there is someone talking about you behind your back. From this website: http://www.oldsuperstitions.com/ xx PLEASE JUST give me a answer Superstition (Latin superstes, "standing over", "set above") is a belief or notion, not based on reason or knowledge. The word is often used pejoratively to refer to supposedly irrational beliefs of others, and its precise meaning is therefore subjective. It is commonly applied to beliefs and practices surrounding luck, prophecy and spiritual beings.
What are the myths and facts about menstruation?
Myth - You can't get pregnant on your period. Fact - Ovulation can happen at any time, especially if periods aren't regular. Myth - You can't get pregnant without regular, or a first period. Fact - Ovulation and fertilization CAN occur before regular, or first bleeding. Myth - Menstrual cycles should always be 28 days. Fact - They vary woman to woman, 28 days is an average only. Myth - Menstruating women need to be in bed, or avoid strenuous activity. Fact - Exercise can help with symptoms, it will not make pain worse. Women are not weaker during their periods, unless they have anemia, which is caused by an abnormal loss of blood during menstruation. Myth - All women have terrible periods. Fact - Most women find that the discomfort is minimal and does not stop them from regular activities they enjoy. Some women do have more pain or other symptoms then others. Myth - You should not have sex while on your period. Fact - If both partners are willing, there is no medical reason not to, and orgasm can sometimes relieve cramping. Myth - A bath causes or worsens menstrual cramps Fact - A warm bath can soothe and relax muscles, reducing pain. Myth - Women menstruating can catch cold easily and should avoid cold water or iced drinks. Fact - Cold can make pain worse for some, but you will not get a cold. Myth - You should not get your feet wet during your period. Fact - See above; this one was made popular by Tampax booklets and other literature of yesteryear. Myth - Women taking birth control pills "need" to have a period. Fact - Women on the pill do not experience uterine build up and do not need to have a period to shed the lining. The bleeding occurring with the pill is not a "real" menstrual period, and is not necessary for a woman's health. Myth - Women are always moody, bitchy, and irrational during menstruation. Fact - Not all women experience PMS symptoms or the same symptoms. You can't explain all women's moods by being "that time of the month". Women are just as capable during menses as at any other time, they are not mentally fragile. Myth - Women on their period are more likely to be attacked by bear, sharks, ect. Fact - This is just silly, and an urban legend not based on any scientific research. Myth - Hair will not hold a curl, or should not be washed during your period. Fact - Not sure where it can from, but this myth is just superstition. Myth - Menstrual Blood smells bad. Fact - Pads and Tampon cause blood to develop an odor as bacteria build, not blood itself. Blood does not smell fishy or strongly itself. Myth - Menstrual Blood is toxic or unclean Fact - It is no more unclean then any other blood, tampons do not keep dirty blood in the body. No extra cleansing or deodorants are needed - this is marketing to fears. Myth - You should not eat certain foods (ie meat, dairy) while menstruating. Fact - Eat what you like, it will not harm you in any way. If fact vitamins can help ease pain for some, so eat meat for the iron, milk for the calcium. Myth - A pregnant women never bleeds. Fact - Spotting or mild bleeding can be normal, but see a doctor at once to be sure. Myth - Short periods (three days or less) or irregularity of periods means a woman is infertile or abnormal Fact - The length of the period is not an indicator of fertility, it is different for everyone Myth - Virgins or young women can't use tampons. Fact - The hymen stretches, if you want to use tampons at any time or age, you can. Virginity does not end when you use a tampon. Myth - Doing *fill in anything* will shorten or delay a period Fact - Eating particular foods, exercising, fasting, bathing, skipping rope, will not lengthen or shorten a period.
Asked in Fables and Folklore
What are the elements of a folktale?
A folk-tale can be divided into several categories, but the main two are the fairy tale (which relies heavily on fantastic elements) and the narrative tale (it can include extraordinary elements, but not magical or fantastic). The first type has very typical features that are extraordinarily similar throughout the world - a fact which has made possible its categorisation. I'll give some examples of standard features: a crisis at the beginning of the tale, a happy ending (in 99% of cases) plus (not necessarily) a morality, a fantastic helper (a fairy godmother, a bee, a dragon, a poor shepherd a.s.o.) who/which helps the hero/heroine, the magic companions (like the man who can run/drink/eat/blow air through his nose/sow/weave etc more rapidly and much stronger than any other human being) who decide to accompany the main character, the quest, the tasks that will decide his/her fate, the reward etc.