China and Chinese Territories
This category covers questions about the People's Republic of China (not to be confused with the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan), though it is usually simplified as China. An ancient civilization, Chinese history extends hundreds of thousands of years. The most spoken language in China is Mandarin, followed by Cantonese and English. The capital of China is Beijing.
Is China better than the United States?
The Debate The most commonly debated ideas between the two: Society and Demographics Pointing out the obvious, China's 1.34 billion population far outsizes the 314 million people in the United States (US). However, in terms of total geographical area, China and the US are on par at around 9,700,000 km2. As a result, China has a population density more than 4 times that of the US. The US has a much higher human development index (HDI), which it ranks 4th compared to China which ranks 101st. However, prevalence of HIV/AIDS and obesity among adults in the US is 6 times and 12 times more than of that in China respectively. The average life expectancy in China stands at 74.8 years, slightly lower than 78.4 years in the US, which can be attributed to higher incomes and better healthcare in the US. The US is one of the world's most ethnically-diverse and multicultural nations due to large-scale immigration from countries all over the world. Migration rates in the US stand at 3.62/1000 people, in stark contrast to China's which is -0.33/1000 people. And even though China has a lower urbanization percentage at 51.3% as compared to 82.0% in the US, it has a higher urbanization rate of 2.3% to 1.2% of the US'. China's literacy rate of 95.9% is also sightly lower than the US' 99.0%. In the 2009 international PISA test taken by 15-years-old students, Chinese students have shocked the world by topping the scores in all reading, math and science subjects, while the Americans ranked in the middle range, a position they have held for a long time. This can be attributed to the hardworking attitudes of the Chinese. Due to the one-child policy that has been implemented in China since 1970 to prevent its population from exerting huge strains on the country's limited resources, the population growth rate in China is at a shockingly low figure of 0.481% as compared to 0.899% in the US. A social mindset which favours males over females has also resulted in an imbalanced sex ratio of 1.17 males for every female under the age of 15 in China as compared to 1.05 males per female in the US. Forced abortions of female foetuses occur comparatively frequently, especially in rural areas of China where people still hold on to outdated thinkings like favouritism for males. Government Even though China's main political party is called 'The Communist Party of China (CPC)', China's model is one of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and has embraced capitalism fervently. This has no doubt caused much misconceptions about the Chinese social and political model, with many retaining the thinking that China is communist or even a dictatorship. The CPC is the world's largest political party comprising of approximately 80 million members nationwide. Leaders are replaced and the cabinet is reshuffled once in a decade, with the President and Premier and other members of the Politburo Standing Committee being elected internally by top party members instead of the citizens. China has vowed to bring about political reforms, but stated that its priority is currently economic reforms. Small democratic experiments have been made at the local level, with elections for the village committee members being held. One notable example would be the southern Chinese fishing village of Wukan in Guangdong Province. The CPC has also dedicated Shenzhen, a miracle of economic reform, as the first mainland city to hold democratic elections in a bid for political reform. On the other hand, the US is one of the world's most democratic nations, with the two main political parties being the Republican and the Democratic Parties. The President of the United States is being elected by the people every term, which lasts four years. This model of governance is being exported and encouraged in other developing nations, especially in the wake of the Arab Spring. This sometimes-intrusive replication of the democratic model without regard for local historical and cultural contexts results in many conflicts between locals and Americans, which partly explains the hostile sentiments of muslims in the Middle Eastern states towards Americans. Military Power By manpower and active personnel, China far outranks the United States. In reference to technology and military advancement, the United States currently places ahead, although China is making a quick comeback. The United States is far more superior when concerning nuclear weapons and has a much higher budget for military. China is raising its military expenditure year-on-year in a bid to catch up with the US' superiority in military technology. The result of war pitched between these two superpowers remains inconclusive, though many agree that both could completely wipe out every other country on Earth with a snap of their fingers due to their huge nuclear arsenal. In this, they are usually considered to be equal. Economic Power From the fall of the Qing Dynasty to the Mao era, China underwent a series of industrial revolutions in an attempt to catch up with western powers. However, there were many obstacles and failed policies that did not result in the emergence of a strong economy during that time, for example, the Japanese invasion during World War II and Mao Zedong's 'Great Leap Forward'. After the Mao era, Deng Xiaoping, Mao's successor, initiated a series of economic reforms in the 1980s, introducing a free market system and abolishing government control on the matter. This vastly improved the standards of living in China. In the US, economic freedom had always been in place, allowing it to prosper and advance dramatically. In comparison to China, the United States only had one industrial revolution. However, it was enough to push it to a superpower level next to Great Britain in the 1800s. The gross domestic product (GDP) of the United States, both total and per capita, remains substantially higher than China's. However, the labor force, growth rate, and rate of unemployment in China is significantly better than in the United States. The United States also has a substantially higher national debt than China. Its federal reserves of gold are also lower than China and it tends to import more than it exports, resulting in an unfavorable trade balance. In contrast, China exports more than it imports, has little national debt, and has lower government expenditures. However, the United States outranks China in all energy resource productions. China also holds the world's largest foreign-exchange reserves, standing at US$3.24 trillion as of Jun 2012. This is in stark contrast to the US' US$150 billion. On the individual level, the US far outstrips China in terms of the number of High Net Worth Individuals (HWNIs). The US has 412 billionaires and 3,068,000 millionaires while China has only 95 billionaires and 562,000 millionaires in 2011. However, due to macroeconomic effects of both countries, the growth rate of number of HWNIs in China races ahead, with a 5.0% growth from 2010 to 2011, while the US suffered a decline in number of HWNIs during the same period. The United States has a much higher GDP per capita as compared to China. Due to the fact that the US has less than 25% of China's population and a little less than 3 times of China's GDP, the US has a GDP per capita of more than 10 times that of China. As such, for China to overtake the US in terms of GDP per capita, it would have to raise its GDP to more than 4 times that of the US. As a result, it would most likely experience an unusual phenomenon: It will exist as both a developed and developing country at the same time, based on total GDP and GDP per capita respectively. Environment There are various discussions on the environmental impacts due to industrialization. In 2007, China overtook the US to become the world's largest emitter of all greenhouse gases, also in top place for emissions of sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, CFCs and other ozone depleting substances. China has also overtaken the US to become the world's largest oil consumer in 2010. According to the World Bank, China is home to 20 of the 30 most polluted cities in the world, due to unhealthily large amounts of emissions by factories, motor vehicles and coal mining, with the most polluted city, Linfen, located in China. Loose environmental laws and regulations are also to blame. However, China has been investing heavily in green technology. In 2010, China overtook the US in terms of green investment. Its green investment expands in all fields. It currently has the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest dam in terms of energy production, and Dabancheng Wind Farm, the largest wind farm in Asia. It is planning the world's largest solar farm in Qinghai, made significant improvements in green vehicles and came up with tight transport regulations such as the one on car usage in Beijing. It must also be noted that China has a population of more than 4 times that of the US, so in terms of emissions per capita, such as carbon dioxide, the US, although not top in the world, is about 4 times that of China's. Moreover, China, dubbed the factory of the world, houses factories from all around the world. This means that emissions are exported to China from developed countries in the form of factories, and it is reported to make up about 40% of all emissions.
Asked in China and Chinese Territories, Beijing
What is the capital of China?
Beijing, formerly known as Peking, is the capital of China. In Chinese, Beijing means 'northern capital'. It is sometimes mispronounced with a softer 'j', but its correct pronunciation is bǎy-jīng (as in 'jingle'). The political and cultural capital of China for hundreds of years, Beijing perhaps makes decisions for more people than any other capital city. Beijing is located on the western coast of China on the Pacific Ocean and stands at the northern tip of the North China Plain. The city is 39% flat land and the other 61% is quite mountainous area. Prior to Emperor Zhu Di, the capital was Shanghai.
Asked in China and Chinese Territories, Chemistry
What is a product made from xylene?
Xylene is generally used as a solvent. It is often encountered as a mixture of three different isomers, (same composition different structure), which are generically dimethylbenzenes. Para-xylene (1, 4 dimethyl benzene) can be oxidised toterephthalicacid which is then used for manufacture of PET plastiic. Xylenes can be chlorinated to form disinfectants (PCMX).
What is an example of demography?
Demography is the statistical study of human population. It can be a very general science that can be applied to any kind of dynamic human population, that is, one that changes over time or space (see population dynamics). It encompasses the study of the size, structure and distribution of these populations, and spatial and/or temporal changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging and death. Examples for demographic changes and pattern can be given widely. Europe's population is declining day by day. Mortality rate is high in comparison to low birth rate, As a result growth of population declines. Poulation is aging there, On the contrary in Africa or South Asia growth rate is on rise. Better medical care, comparative better living standard declines the mortality rate (especially death of new born and perinatal child death). Fertility still kept high. Number of children per family also high. In 1970 Pakistan's population was merely 60 million, now 40 years later it is more than 120 million. Its a demographic catastrophy, some can argue for that.
What are people not allowed to in china?
im a Chinese, and i can tell you that China is not as terrifying and tyrannical as it sounds in western media. But there are, for sure, something banned in China, which government on this planet doesn't ban things anyway? in China, people are claimed to have the freedom of speech according the constitution, but in reality, people and media are only allowed to attack the local government and officials, but when the central government or the leading politicians got involved in a scandal or something, people and media would remain silence about it, and let some secret government agency to deal with it. and FYI, since 2008, there are a few websites banned in China, like, facebook, youtube and twitter, i don't know why the government banned them, i see no threat in these websites, right? but there are some softwares for people to open these websites freely inside China, we call it "wall-climbing software". you'd know them well if you come to visit China. anyway, we, Chinese, are practically living our lives just like everyone else in the world, we pay our bills, students worry about their academic grades, parents concern their children's problem, girls like go shopping, boys want to buy cigarettes and booze with a fake ID. everything's just the same.
Asked in China and Chinese Territories, Population
What is the population of China?
1.3 billion Here are some estimates of the population of China over time: 2009: 1,331,460,000 2011: 1,342,640,000 (March 2011), almost one fifth of the world's population. 2012: 1,335,500,000 2013: 1,350,000,000 (As of early 2015, the most recent population numbers available are from 2013.) As a comparison, approximate population numbers for a few other areas (2013): India: 1.25 billion Sub-Saharan Africa: 936.9 million Latin America and Caribbean: 615.3 million Middle East and North Africa: 402.6 million North America (including the US): 351.4 million United States: 316.5 million Australia: 23.1 million 1/5 of the world's population. In other words, 1 out of 5 people in the world lives in China. That is about 1.3 billion people. China's growth rate has slowed considerably, and is under 0.5%. In comparison the US population growth rate at 0.97% is about double that of China, though the US has only 25% of China's population. India's growth rate is 1.46%, and has a population about the same size as that of China. 1,300,000,000. That is, one billion, three hundred million. China has more people than any other country in the world. There were 1,330,044,605 people as of mid-2008. As of 2012, there are 1.351 billion people that live in China, China is the most populous country n the world.
How does china handle cultural diversity?
Diversity In The Chinese Workplace Diversity in the Chinese Work Place In terms of race, there is very little diversity in Chinese businesses. China currently has the worlds' largest population at 1.2 billion people which could be a reason of the lack of racial diversity in business. Even though there is a lack of racial diversity that does not mean that there is no diversity in Chinese businesses. Diversity is not limited to just race or ethnic background, which is what most people think diversity is. Diversity also includes different cultures, backgrounds, lifestyles, personalities and basically anything different. Since China lacks racial diversity, most of their diversity in the Chinese work place comes from the different regions in which each worker is from. Some of the major regions in China are Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. All are located in the country of China and may all speak Chinese but there is a cultural difference among them which adds to the diversity in Chinese businesses. The Chinese
Asked in Parenting and Children, History of China, China and Chinese Territories, China's One-Child Policy
What do the people of China think about one child policy?
As authentic Chinese man, I think the one-child policy taken by the Chinese Central Government has more advantages than disadvantages, though it's not carried out completed in some rural areas of China. I have to admit that the policy do help China a lot both in economy development and social development.
What surrounds china in the north south east and west?
Asked in China and Chinese Territories, Shanghai
Distance between shanghai and wuxi?
Asked in China and Chinese Territories
Does china have clean air?
Yes, it does. China is huge and densely populated but only in about one-third or less of the continent. The rest in terrain that is not suitable for building large cities, so that air is relatively "clean" ("clean" is a strange term, but in the sense you're using it, yes) China is the world's biggest polluter. Some areas of China, particularly western China, have fairly clean air, but the cities do not.