Botany or Plant Biology

The study of plant life is known as botany. All questions related to plant sciences such as taxonomy are welcome here.

107,771 Questions
Jokes and Riddles
Botany or Plant Biology
Human and Animal Interaction

Give me food and I will live give me water and I will die what am I?

Botany or Plant Biology

How does soda or sugar water affect the growth of a plant?

Most types of soda (irrespective of brand name - Sprite, Coke, Fanta, Mountain Dew etc.) contain a few common elements: carbonated water, flavouring, colouring and sugar. Of course there are a differences in tastes, and chemical composition, but the basics are the same.

So, what is the story surrounding watering plants with soda or sugar water?

Sodas contain a form of glucose (normally corn sugar extract) and sugar water is normally a mixture of water and crystallised sugar (which is again the glucose extracted from sugar cane). This is normally a form of glucose referred to as d-glucose (due to the shape of the molecule).

Plants are able to absorb and assimilate and metabolise d-glucose, so the simple friendus would seem like yes, soda and sugar water does help plants grow. In small quantities or dilute concentrations yes; in large or high concentration no, it will eventually kill the plant. In large doses, the sugar changes the water potential in the soil around the plant, preventing water from being absorbed by the the roots (through osmosis).

The first signs would be that the plant wilts as it it not able to absorb enough water to sustain itself. In addition high concentrations of sugar in the soil provide a fertile breeding ground for bacteria and fungi, which would take the first opportunity to attack a damaged or injured plant.

High amounts of calcium (dissolved by the carbonated water) could also be expected to start precipitating at the surface of the soil.

It also obviously depends on the size of the plant and the quantity (and frequency) of soda/ sugar water you are applying.

A Similar Result

Sugar added to the water given to a plant can help the plant grow faster, bigger, greener and taller, because plants have the process of respiration (the opposite of photosynthesis) which needs glucose, which is sugar, and oxygen to help grow. By giving seeds and young plants sugar water, it helps the plant grow to be greener because it is given a double dose of glucose. However, if you give the plant too much sugar water it will kill the plant because it cannot efficiently absorb water from the soil.

I grew tomatoes as an experiment in my science class and I had sugar water as the experiment. One pot had sugar water tomatoes and the other had regular water. In 1 week the sugar water plants had sprouted and were around one inch. The regular plants did not sprout until around the second week. By the end of three months the sugar water plants were around 2 feet tall at least, had buds and were extremely green and healthy. While on the other hand the regular water plants were not a foot tall yet and they had leaves that weren't that green.

Botany or Plant Biology

Does grass and flowers give off oxygen?

Yes, a large field of grass of any species or mixture of species gives off more oxygen than a forest because there's usually a bigger and more uniform coverage of actively photosynthesizing leaf area.

Botany or Plant Biology
Mycology or Fungi

Are mushrooms biotic?

Yes, mushrooms are biotic.

Botany or Plant Biology

Science investigatory project of avocado leaves?

You can try to find a use for avocado leaves like observing if it is good at repelling mosquitoes or if it will make a fire last longer or something like that.

Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Botany or Plant Biology

Importance of multiple epidermis in plants?

increases water absorption

Botany or Plant Biology

Which plant used to make bristles of brush?


Botany or Plant Biology

Why are plants considered as independent living?

why plants considered as independent living? answer;plants need food and water, and they breath carbon dioxide, and give out oxygen. they get stick, wither and die like man

Botany or Plant Biology

What are the effects of music on plants?

There are many different viewpoints on this. A selection of contributors' thoughts are included below.


Many scientific studies have been done regarding the effects of music on plants. The simple answer is that past studies have suggested hard rock or heavy metal music seems to have a detrimental effect on plant growth.

There is a well-known study from the early 1970s, conducted by Dorothy Retallack at the Colorado Woman's College in Denver using the college's three Biotronic Control Chambers. In one series of studies, the tone of F sound was played daily for three hours a day, intermittently in one laboratory, it was played for eight hours a day, constantly, and the control group had no sound introduced. Those plants where the F tone was played intermittingly for 3 hours a day grew twice as large and were twice as healthy as those in a sound-free environment. However, plants in the laboratory where the tone of Fconstantly for 8 hours daily died within two weeks of the experiment's beginning. Dorothy used a growing chamber, a variety of plant species (but the same in each chamber) and made sure the volume was consistent for all forms of music.

Different types of music were then utilized in her following experiments. She tried acid rock music by Led Zeppelin, Vanilla Fudge, and Hendrix. It was played to one group of plants and semi-pop music (of the 1970's) to another. The "acid rock music" plants were sickly and small compared to the control group of "semi popular" music (now termed soft rock).

The other genres of music she experimented with: were classical music (Debussy), jazz (she use Louis Armstrong among others), and Indian (Ravi Shankar). The plants grew large and healthy, with the plants actually growing towards the radio for each of these three forms of music, just like they bend towards sunlight. Dorothy also experimented with country music (such as Jonny Cash) and found they neither grew toward or away from the speakers and seemed neutral. While Dorothy did have a personal bias and by the end of her research she believed plants could feel and were capable of ESP. She felt perhaps it was the lyrics that the plants didn't like with the acid rock music.

It seems the plants like all types of music, except hard, pounding rhythms, but prefer stringed instruments the most. They also didn't like a constant tone played for 8 hours per day, but how many of us do!

Effective experiments need to involve the following factors, which Dorothy tried to maintain, but failed to measure the water and soil moisture with an accurate device:

  • the same plant types across the different conditions
  • a variety of species across the different conditions
  • music volume would need to be maintained at a consistent level
  • strict controls on all other external factors, e.g. light, warmth, etc
  • consistency of human interaction across the different conditions

Mythbusters have come up with a different result. Their experiments suggested that heavy metal seems to stimulate growth more than other types of music. The culprit is likely the rapid vibration that encourages activity. Perhaps these results could be pursued by searching the Mythbusters website on Discoverychannel.

Answer_3:_SMALL_SCALE_EXPERIMENTS">Answer_3:_SMALL_SCALE_EXPERIMENTS">Answer 3: SMALL SCALE EXPERIMENTSThe effect is the same as random noise, i.e. just the physical stress of sound. Music as such has no effect because:

1) Plants are not intelligent. In fact, they don't have a central nervous system. Music can only affect you if you understand it, and plants can't understand anything.

2) Plants have no auditory organs. They can't hear any more than you could hear through your skin if you had no ears.

If you look this up on the net, you'll see plenty of small scale experiments with positive results. Unfortunately, these experiments are fatally flawed in several ways. First, they are typically done with just 3 or 4 plants, and with such a small sample size any difference is likely to be from random chance. Second, and perhaps more importantly, the control is silent when it should be random noise with the same frequency spectrum and periodicity as the music. This is the only way to test the effects of music as such, not just the effects of sound. When the experiment is done with a good sample size (thousands of plants) and controlled properly, the results may well be negative.

Answer_4:_TRY_EXPERIMENTS_YOURSELF">Answer_4:_TRY_EXPERIMENTS_YOURSELF">Answer 4: TRY EXPERIMENTS YOURSELF"I tried experimenting myself. After 4 week of experimenting, the following were the results. I observed that the one that was in the best condition was the plant that was in the room with classical music. It grew in the range of 9-16 degrees away from the CD Player. The second best plant was the one in the room with no music. It grew from the range of 11-15 degrees away from the CD Player. The one that didn't do so well was the one in the room with rock music. It grew from the range of 33-85 degrees away from the CD Player. " Answer_5:_CLASSICAL_MUSIC">Answer_5:_CLASSICAL_MUSIC">Answer 5: CLASSICAL MUSIC

Many people swear by Classical music, which is used in some professional greenhouses to stimulate plant growth. In the book, "The Secret Life of Plants," the results of exposure to various types of music on houseplants is explored, among other fascinating plant experiments.

Answer_6:_HUMAN_VS_PLANTS">Answer_6:_HUMAN_VS_PLANTS">Answer 6: HUMAN VS PLANTSThe effect of music on plants is drastic. It is found that music stimulates the brain, but it depends what kind of music. For example the high frequency of mechanical waves that run hand in hand with rap and acid rock are damaging to the plant.

Some studies have indicated that they do indeed germinate and grow faster and healthier when exposed to Classical music.

Soft classic music or sounds of nature, water or birds Answer Myth Busters actually did an experiment to see if it is true that music has an affect on plant growth. They set up several experiments using different types of music and no music. All plants were growing in the same conditions expect for different types of music. Believe it or not, the ones in the greenhouse with heavy metal grew the best.

One may take the personal opinion that plants evolved and thrived for years without any form of music (pop, rock, rap or classical), so why would it make a difference now. If there is anything to the theories that abound it would have to do with vibrations/ and or frequency rather than specific music types. However, specific music types certainly emit certain types of vibrations.

Botany or Plant Biology
Fruits and Vegetables

What is the shape of a guava leaf?

It is in oval shaped.

Orange Soda
Botany or Plant Biology
Countries, States, and Cities

Names of the Muslim countries and their natural vegetation?

Name of Muslims country

Botany or Plant Biology
Mycology or Fungi

Is a mushroom a flowering plant?

Mushrooms are classified under the category of Cryptogames because they do not bear flowers. Higher plants like angiosperms bear flowers and produce fruits and seeds.

Botany or Plant Biology

What is the main difference between plant and animal cells?

  1. Plants cells have a cell wall over the cell membrane,whereas,animals cells lack cell wall.
  2. In plant cells, there is a single large vacuole present in the middle, whereas, in animals cell,there are more than one vacuoles.
  3. Plant cells possess plastids, but, animal cells don't.
  4. Animal cells have centrioles, whereas, plant cells don't.
  5. Plant cells are more square shaped, animal cells are more round
  6. Plant cells have chlorophyll for Photosynthesis (make their own food), and animal cells don't
Academic Writing
Botany or Plant Biology

How do green plants make sugar?

by process of photosynthesis

Swimming Pools
Pool Care and Cleaning
Botany or Plant Biology

How do you get rid of yellow algae in your pool?

Yellow algae in 2500 gallon pool. How do I get rid of it?

Animal Life
Botany or Plant Biology

What if plants could walk?

well they don't so why worry about it? that's like asking what if pigs could fly!?

Answer 2: I guess it depends on what you mean by "walk." To me walking implies that they have legs. Snails don't have legs, so they glide rather than walk. In order for a plant to have legs, it would have to have the genetics that underpin everything a leg is, and everything that makes it more. Which is fine, because plants can have huge genomes.

More practically, if plants could literally walk, I would expect that they wouldn't need to put so much effort into creating flowers and complex fruits. That would be a problem for humans, because all we would have to eat is leaves, mushrooms, microscopic organisms, algae, and animals. And if you had to chase a lettuce plant around just for a salad, that would be a real pain. I guess eating seaweed would become more popular.


The ecosystem of a place would be changing every now and then

Botany or Plant Biology

How does cloudy weather affect photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is the process of taking water and light and turning it into energy in the form of sugar. So, if plants don't have enough light, they wont be able to prodce sugar. They still get some light when clouds are around, but not enough for them to be able to create a lot of the product.


Light is a limiting factor in photosynthesis during cloudy weather.

Home & Garden
Botany or Plant Biology

Can you revive an adiantium fern?

If it is not totally dessicated and dead, what I would do is get a small bottle (2 oz. or 4 oz.) of a product called superThrive at a local garden center or nursery . Not expensive, maybe $7. u.s. for the smaller size. Depending on the size of the fern, put it in a container/bucket and put enough water in the bucket to cover the roots and some of the foliage. If necessary, put a weight of some kind on top of the plant to hold it down in the water. Then put 1/2 teaspoon of superThrive in the water, and mix it thoroughly. (if you like, you can put the superThrive in the water first, then apply to the fern). A small amount, a drop or two only, of a dish soap like Dawn will help the water and the superThrive get into the plant's leaves and roots.

Let it soak for 24-48 hours, then plant it and keep it in a cool area, no direct sunlight but bright light. If it is going to survive, you will see new leaves emerging from the base within a month or so, perhaps sooner. When you do, carefully cut out all old, dead leaves down to the base. Depending on the condition of the fern to begin with, this can be done before the treatment is applied.

superThrive is a plant medicine-enhancer-invigorator, not a fertilizer. Do not fertilize this plant or any plant under stress. Only after it is showing new growth, would I apply a mild (1/2 strength) dose of fertilizer along with another application of superThrive in the water for the plant, on the leaves and the roots too.

I have saved many plants, large and small, using this technique. Good luck! :o)

Botany or Plant Biology

What happens because of photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is source of all food which is used by consumers . Initial product of photosynthesis are triose which are converted to hexoses , sucrose , starch and cellulose . All these carbohydrates are direct source of food and energy for animals and Fungi . No animal life would be possible without photosynthesis . Oxygen is by product of photosynthesis . It is utilized by all aerobic organisms during respiration .

Botany or Plant Biology

Why does the coconut has a fibrous husk?


Botany or Plant Biology

What are the final products of aerobic respiration in plants and animals?

They are Carbon Dioxide, Water and energy in the form of ATP.

Botany or Plant Biology

Are stomata present on a rhoeo leaf?

Yes, there are stoma present.

Rhoeo leaves have dorsiventral symetry. The dorsal side being pink in color have more stomata and ventral side facing sun is green with less stomata per unit area.

Botany or Plant Biology
Mycology or Fungi

How do rhizopus reproduce?

With the help of conidiospores.

Botany or Plant Biology

What is aerial part of plant?

Aerial parts of the plants include all those parts which can be seen directly from eye (those that lie in air). It consist of stem, leaves, flowers and fruit and seeds.

The aerial part of a plant is called shoot. It consists of stem, leaves, flowers and fruits etc.

Botany or Plant Biology

What is the difference between stem and root?

The stem of a plant or flower is the green straw-like stem under the actual flower. There may be leaves sticking out of the stem. The roots are underground and need to suck the water out of the soil.

The stem in plants support leaves and have conjoint and concentric vascular bundles whereas the roots mostly remain underground for absorption and anchorage and have primary radial vascular bundles.


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