Baseball History

This category is for questions relating to the history of baseball such as team origins, player records and origins of baseball terms.

Asked in Los Angeles Dodgers, Baseball History, Jackie Robinson

How did Jackie Robinson die?

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Jackie Robinson died of heart problems and complications from diabetes on October 24, 1972.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Barry Bonds

What are the official longest home runs in MLB?

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Icons of the game have issued numerous prodigious blasts worthy of awe, but the actual distance is apocryphal and subject to much hyperbole. Examples include: Mickey Mantle - 660 Feet Mickey Mantle - 634 feet. On 4/15/1961, Cincinnati Reds outfielder Wally Post hit a shot in St. Louis that traveled 569 feet. In the news article from the Cincinnati papers, Stan Musial was quoted it was by far the longest homer he ever witnessed. Bob Nieman, a Cardinals out fielder who also witnessed Mantle's famed shot in Washington stated this was longer than Mantle's. The Mick hit the first taped home run at 660ft at Griffth stadium after he hit the roof five times coming within mere feet of hitting it out of Yankee Stadium. "ON ONE LEG." Micky Mantle FOR THE YANKEES hit a ball 660 feet. the real record. Mickey Mantle at Yankee Stadium on 2-3 occasions hit 550-560' and one occasion 570'-620'. Mick has the record. In an exhibition game, Mickey Mantle hit a ball 660 feet. He was also known for hitting home run's over 600 feet on more than one occasion. Mickey Mantle hit a 643-foot homer according to the Guinness Book of World Records. Other friendus Babe Ruth 601' at Navin Field in 1941, plus about 6-8 other occasions 550'--600' possibly a bit more. I was told watching a Boston Red Sox game (seeing I'm from Boston) of two longest distances for home runs, not only in Fenway Park, but ever. In Fenway Park, there is a single red seat in the center field bleachers Section 42, Row 37, Seat 21, that measures 502 feet from home plate. Ted Williams (Teddy Ballgame) hit a home run off of Fred Hitchinson off of the Detroit Tigers June 9, 1946, the furthest home run in Fenway Park history. The other home run was also hit by Ted Williams and measured a distance of 565 feet from home plate. Manny hit a 500-510 homer. Adam Dunn hit a 595 footer off Jose Limas at Great American Ballpark in Cincinnati. Alex Rodriguez hit a ball about 535' in July 05. Ralph Kiner 560' at Forbes Field. Frank Howard 560' at Forbes Field. Jimmie Foxx 550' at Shibe Park. Ted Williams 613'. The longest one in recent history was Big Mac's 545 ft steroidal shot off the facing of the center field upper deck at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. That was a conservative estimate too. They have a band aid on the spot. That was in 1998 off of Ramon or Dennis Martinez (both gave up a 500+ shot off to him that year, so it's one or the other). The one Mac hit off the back wall ABOVE the upper deck at the King Dome a year earlier off the Unit was measured at 538ft (again, conservative). He's hit several like that. Was Andreas Galaragas "Five mile Home run" at Joe Robbie/Pro Player stadium ever measured? The one he hit into the upper deck of left field while he was still playing for the Colorado Rockies? Most of your questions should be answered if you go to this link. www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/art_hr.shtml Ernie Lombardi of the Cincinnati Reds in 1931. The person to hit the longest home run is Roger Connor. Josh Gibson's Legendary Blast. There's a famous story that Josh Gibson hit a ball that disappeared out of the park in Pittsburgh and was ruled a home run. The next day in Philadelphia a ball fell from the sky and a stunned outfielder reacted and caught it. The umpire immediately pointed to Josh Gibson and shouted "You're out in Pittsburgh, yesterday." This blast unfortunately doesn't count as a potential longest home run in MLB, because (in addition to being an even greater exaggeration than most of the other candidates) it occurred in the Negro Leagues, not in the MLB. As is proper in a sport where arguing about feats and comparing cross-generational exploits is part of the fun, there is no real answer. An interesting article about how home runs are accurately (rather, inaccurately) measured: http://www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/art_hr.shtml. The definitive article about the (probable) actual distances and researched reality of prodigious home run distances may be "Long Distance Home Runs," William J. Jenkinson's 1996 article in The Home Run Encyclopedia. Essentially, anything over 450 feet is truly remarkable, and few ever reach the 500 foot mark, which is truly exceptional. Dave Kingman's April 14, 1976 blast at Wrigley Field actually hit the third house beyond Waveland Avenue, 530 feet away. All others are subject to debate as where they might have landed, were measured where found so they had rolled some distance, whether the ball was rising or falling at the time it hit some portion of the stadium, velocity, and various other factors. I heard that Babe Ruth hit a home run in Fort Wayne Indiana and it landed in a train car while the train was moving. It kept on going. The farthest collegiate homerun was in 2008 at Irwin Field in Tyler, Texas by UT Dallas leftfielder Jared Smith.
Asked in Baseball History, African-American History, Famous People

How did Jackie Robinson die when and where?

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Jackie Robinson died on October 24,1972(age 53) Stamford,Connecticut
Asked in Baseball History, Famous People, Jackie Robinson

When did Jackie Robinson Jr die?

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Jack and Rachel Robinson had three children: Jackie Jr., who died in a car crash after time in the Army and in a drug rehab program at the age of 24.
Asked in Ice Hockey, Baseball History, Major League Baseball (MLB)

What team had the longest winning streak in NHL history?

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The longest win streak is held by the 1992-1993 penguins with 17 games. The longest home win streak is held by the 2011-2012 Detroit Red Wings at 23 games The 1979-1980 Philadelphia Flyers hold the longest undefeated streak (wins and ties) at 35 games.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Rules and Regulations

What does whip mean in baseball stats?

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WHIP is a new statistic for pitchers and it means Walks plus Hits per Inning Pitched. You add up the number of hits allowed and add to the number of walks allowed and divide by innings pitched. If a pitcher has walked 50 batters and given up 150 hits and pitched 180 innings, the WHIP would be calculated as (50 + 150) / 180 which equals 1.11.
Asked in Baseball History, Athletes

How many World Series rings does Josh Beckett have?

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Josh Beckett is a two time World Series champion, winning in 2003 with the Florida Marlins and in 2007 with the Boston Red Sox. He was also the 2003 World Series MVP.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Equipment

What is a baseball made of?

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The traditional baseball is made from a sphere of woolen thread wrapped around a cork core and covered by two strips of thick leather. Synthetic baseballs differ from leather balls by their interior and exterior composition. They are mainly used in the young league (little league) and for initiation. Models with polyurethane core are lighter on impact, which helps young players not to be afraid of the ball.
Asked in New York Yankees, Baseball History, George Steinbrenner

Who did George Steinbrenner purchase the New York Yankees from?

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On January 3, 1973,*George Steinbrenner III with his minority partner E. Michael Burke bought the*New York Yankees Baseball team from*Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) for $10 million US dollars. The New york Yankees are worth 1.6 billion US dollars as of 2010. *George Michael Steinbrenner III died at 80 from a heart attack in his Florida home on July 13th 2010 . *The New York Yankees are owned by Yankee Global Enterprises LLC (YES) . * Columbia Broadcasting System was started on April of 1927 as a radio broadcaster station and first to have programing that stated at 3pm .
Asked in Baseball History, Baseball, Jackie Robinson

Can major league baseball players wear number 42?

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MLB permanently retired the #42 in 1997. However, they allowed anyone who was wearing #42 at the time to continue to wear it. Mariano Rivera of the Yankees is the only player wearing #42 currently as he was in MLB at the time of its retirement. Once he retires, no one will ever again wear the #42 in MLB.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Rules and Regulations

Do major league baseball players get free tickets to their games?

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The tickets they get aren't free, but the players earn so much moolah that they are virtually free to the players.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Rules and Regulations

Do errors and fielders choice factor into batting average?

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Yes, if a hitter hits into a fielder's choice he gets credited for an at-bat and is NOT credited with a hit. Whether its an error or a fielder's choice the players batting average WILL decrease
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History

Why is it called the bullpen?

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This is from Tim McCarver, so take it with that in mind, but he said that it was born from a comment that an announcer made early on. He said "They look like bulls waiting to be let out of a pen," referring to the relief pitchers. More input from Wikifriendus Contributors: Apparently it is because a long time ago, they used bulls for entertainment and they kept them there. The game was played out in the fenced in areas of fields where the cows and bulls ate the grass making it the ideal place to play ball. Off to the sides was a very much smaller fenced-in area where the bulls where kept when the farmers didn't want the bulls grazing. This is where other pitchers warmed-up ... out of the field of play. Bull Durham tobacco used to be advertised in baseball stadiums, notably in and around (a) the outfield fence and, as a particular subset of (a), (b) the area where pitchers would warm up. That's the brief, vague-ish version, but it's essentially the correct one. "Bullpen" has nothing whatsoever to do with actual bulls. Etymology (i.e. genealogy for words) is a notoriously inexact science.The most common explanation for the origin of the term "bull pen" seems to be that Bull Durham chewing tobacco was advertised in that area of the field. I have heard the term came from old small Midwest ball-fields built on farms and near old small western rodeo arenas. They used the old pens where the bulls were kept for the relief pitchers to warm up in, i. e. the "Bullpen". It is called a bull pen because in the early day's they had baseball fields and farms and the pitcher would warm up in the same pin as a bull. This would get there adrenalin going and get the pitcher ready.
Asked in Baseball History

How many hits did pete rose have at age 36?

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Rose turned 36 on April 14, 1977 (an off day for the Reds) and had 2769 career MLB base hits. For the 1977 season, Rose had 204 base hits.
Asked in Los Angeles Dodgers, Baseball History, World Series

How many World Series have the Dodgers won?

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The Dodgers have won 6 World Series: 1955, 1959, 1963, 1965, 1981, and 1988.
Asked in Baseball History, Judaism

Who is the most famous Jewish baseball player?

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I would have to say Sandy Koufax Agreed. Prior to Koufax, it would probably have been the '30's-'40's slugger Hank Greenberg.
Asked in Baseball History

How many wins does Tony La Russia have?

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As of June 20, 2010 Tony La Russa has a total of 2,590 games won and 2,247 games lost through his career of being a manager. He has the third most won games than any other manager through the history of mlb, trailing behind Connie Mack and John McGraw. He is also second all-time for games managed with 4,773, trailing Connie Mack with 3,731.
Asked in Baseball History, World Series

What player played in the most World Series?

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With 14 World Series appearances, Yankees catcher and outfielder Yogi Berra played the most times in this event. Berra, who played 19 major league seasons for the Yankees, appeared in the Fall Classics of 1947, 1949-1953, 1955-1958 and 1960-1963. The Yankees won 10 world championships during that time.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History

What pitcher did pete rose have the most hits against?

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Phil Niekro. Rose had 64 hits in 226 at bats against Niekro for a .283 batting average. The 226 at bats was also the most Rose had against any pitcher.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Hank Aaron

Where did Hank Aaron hit homer number 714?

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Aaron hit No. 714 off pitcher Jack Billingham at Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium on April 5, 1974. Four days later, he broke Babe Ruth's home record, belting No. 715 off Dodgers pitcher Al Downing at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Seasons

What month does baseball season start?

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It depends on if you're talking about Spring Training or the regular season. Spring Training starts in late February and the regular season begins in April.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History

Why is baseball called America's pastime?

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Baseball is considered a development from an older game called rounders that was made popular in Great Britain and Ireland. It became an extremely popular sport during and just after the American Civil War. It was called "America's Pastime" because during the late 19th and early 20th century it was probably the most widely played sport in the country. Baseball was to that time period as video games and television are to today. Before TV Baseball was what kids did after school and on the weekends and during the summer...etc. It was literally how America passed the time. Before the time of television, the internet, DVD's and the rise of American football, basketball, hockey, NASCAR, extreme sports, and the general splintering of American culture, baseball was probably one of the few things that almost every American knew something about and could discuss/share with their neighbors, coworkers, family members that they might sit down next to on a bus etc... Hence, it was the nation's pastime. I don't think, in this day and age, we have a "national pastime" anymore. Culture is simply too splintered. American football may the most popular sport, but being the most popular sport does not make something the "national pastime." They became no life.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History

Who has the record for most consecutive at bats with a strikeout?

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Joe Sewell of the 1929 Cleveland Indians went 442 at bats (May 20-September 20, a stretch of 115 games) without striking out. Pitcher Tom Seaver struck out the last 10 batters in a row during his 19-strikeout game on April, 22 1970. For a batter, pitching great Sandy Koufax struck out 12 times in a row in 1955.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History

Where does the second baseman stand in MLB?

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Usually between second base and first base.