Baseball

Take me out to the ballgame, the baseball game, that is! The baseball category is all about the game of baseball, America's pastime. Questions include what a baseball is made of, what bats are the best to use, what the bullpen is, and much more!

Asked in Baseball, Baseball Memorabilia, Sports Trading Cards, Autographs

What is the value of a Mickey Mantle autographed baseball?

User Avatar
A Mickey Mantle single signed baseball is worth about $400-$600. The price will vary based on condition, and type of authenticity that accompanies the signature. Rare examples of a pristine signature or inscriptions like "The Mick" "HOF 1974" or 536 HR's" could raise the price to approximately $1,000. Personal inscriptions like "Good luck Mike" could sell for less than $400. A rarely signed full-name signature "Mickey Charles Mantle" will break the $2,000 price mark as it did in a May 5, 2007, live eBay auction, when it sold for $2,390. Along with condition, the type of authenticity that accompanies the signature will dictate the price. Mickey Mantle was under contract with the Upper-Deck company before he passed away. Baseballs that have the Upper-Deck hologram could sell in the $1,000-$1,500 price range. And signatures that have not been authenticated could sell at half the market value or less. In about a dozen recent auctions (June-August 2009) a Mickey Mantle-signed baseball sold for a high of $597.50. The average selling price was about $475. One baseball (inscribed "No. 7") sold for $836.50. And in an April 2009 auction, a Mickey Mantle-signed baseball (inscribed "MVP '56 '57 '62") sold for $1,792.50! In addition, a rare Mickey Charles Mantle- signed baseball sold for $1,314.50. So it's worth up to over $1000.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Barry Bonds

What are the official longest home runs in MLB?

User Avatar
Icons of the game have issued numerous prodigious blasts worthy of awe, but the actual distance is apocryphal and subject to much hyperbole. Examples include: Mickey Mantle - 660 Feet Mickey Mantle - 634 feet. On 4/15/1961, Cincinnati Reds outfielder Wally Post hit a shot in St. Louis that traveled 569 feet. In the news article from the Cincinnati papers, Stan Musial was quoted it was by far the longest homer he ever witnessed. Bob Nieman, a Cardinals out fielder who also witnessed Mantle's famed shot in Washington stated this was longer than Mantle's. The Mick hit the first taped home run at 660ft at Griffth stadium after he hit the roof five times coming within mere feet of hitting it out of Yankee Stadium. "ON ONE LEG." Micky Mantle FOR THE YANKEES hit a ball 660 feet. the real record. Mickey Mantle at Yankee Stadium on 2-3 occasions hit 550-560' and one occasion 570'-620'. Mick has the record. In an exhibition game, Mickey Mantle hit a ball 660 feet. He was also known for hitting home run's over 600 feet on more than one occasion. Mickey Mantle hit a 643-foot homer according to the Guinness Book of World Records. Other friendus Babe Ruth 601' at Navin Field in 1941, plus about 6-8 other occasions 550'--600' possibly a bit more. I was told watching a Boston Red Sox game (seeing I'm from Boston) of two longest distances for home runs, not only in Fenway Park, but ever. In Fenway Park, there is a single red seat in the center field bleachers Section 42, Row 37, Seat 21, that measures 502 feet from home plate. Ted Williams (Teddy Ballgame) hit a home run off of Fred Hitchinson off of the Detroit Tigers June 9, 1946, the furthest home run in Fenway Park history. The other home run was also hit by Ted Williams and measured a distance of 565 feet from home plate. Manny hit a 500-510 homer. Adam Dunn hit a 595 footer off Jose Limas at Great American Ballpark in Cincinnati. Alex Rodriguez hit a ball about 535' in July 05. Ralph Kiner 560' at Forbes Field. Frank Howard 560' at Forbes Field. Jimmie Foxx 550' at Shibe Park. Ted Williams 613'. The longest one in recent history was Big Mac's 545 ft steroidal shot off the facing of the center field upper deck at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. That was a conservative estimate too. They have a band aid on the spot. That was in 1998 off of Ramon or Dennis Martinez (both gave up a 500+ shot off to him that year, so it's one or the other). The one Mac hit off the back wall ABOVE the upper deck at the King Dome a year earlier off the Unit was measured at 538ft (again, conservative). He's hit several like that. Was Andreas Galaragas "Five mile Home run" at Joe Robbie/Pro Player stadium ever measured? The one he hit into the upper deck of left field while he was still playing for the Colorado Rockies? Most of your questions should be answered if you go to this link. www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/art_hr.shtml Ernie Lombardi of the Cincinnati Reds in 1931. The person to hit the longest home run is Roger Connor. Josh Gibson's Legendary Blast. There's a famous story that Josh Gibson hit a ball that disappeared out of the park in Pittsburgh and was ruled a home run. The next day in Philadelphia a ball fell from the sky and a stunned outfielder reacted and caught it. The umpire immediately pointed to Josh Gibson and shouted "You're out in Pittsburgh, yesterday." This blast unfortunately doesn't count as a potential longest home run in MLB, because (in addition to being an even greater exaggeration than most of the other candidates) it occurred in the Negro Leagues, not in the MLB. As is proper in a sport where arguing about feats and comparing cross-generational exploits is part of the fun, there is no real answer. An interesting article about how home runs are accurately (rather, inaccurately) measured: http://www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/art_hr.shtml. The definitive article about the (probable) actual distances and researched reality of prodigious home run distances may be "Long Distance Home Runs," William J. Jenkinson's 1996 article in The Home Run Encyclopedia. Essentially, anything over 450 feet is truly remarkable, and few ever reach the 500 foot mark, which is truly exceptional. Dave Kingman's April 14, 1976 blast at Wrigley Field actually hit the third house beyond Waveland Avenue, 530 feet away. All others are subject to debate as where they might have landed, were measured where found so they had rolled some distance, whether the ball was rising or falling at the time it hit some portion of the stadium, velocity, and various other factors. I heard that Babe Ruth hit a home run in Fort Wayne Indiana and it landed in a train car while the train was moving. It kept on going. The farthest collegiate homerun was in 2008 at Irwin Field in Tyler, Texas by UT Dallas leftfielder Jared Smith.
Asked in Baseball, Boston Red Sox

What font do the Boston Red Sox use?

User Avatar
See related links The Boston Red Sox write their logo in a font / typeface that they haven't changed in a really long time. I have tried to find out the exact font, too, but haven't been able to. However, there are a lot of talented font designers who have created Boston Red Sox font sets that come really close, and would be great for any Red Sox fan project. For example: http://www.fontspace.com/lee-gordon/bosox
Asked in Baseball, Baseball Rules and Regulations

What is a walk-off home run and how does it differ from a wall-cough home run or the infamous Wahlkauff Homer for Chicago in 1936?

User Avatar
MLB JARGON CRISIS: Walk Off v Wall Cough v Wahlkauff Opinions and friendus That You Need To Know Hey! This is the one and only Bernie Wahlkauff and I AM NOT YET DEAD. I've been in the hospital ever since that gin swilling school bus driver ran over me. I hit the real "WAHLKAUFF HOMER" and it won the game, but I HAD TO TOUCH ALL OF THE BASES OR MY HOMER WOULD NOT HAVE COUNTED! A player CAN hit a "WALK OFF SACRIFICE FLY" to drive home the winning run and then, literally, just walk off. Quit listening to those ESPN phrase mongers and learn the rules of baseball. Gotta go now. It's time for my enema. Bernie WAHLKAUFF HOMERed in the 9th inning of a St. Louis v. Chicago game in 1936 to bring the phrase Wahlkauff Homer into baseball jargon. It was Bernie Wahlkauff's only MLB at bat because he was run over by a schoolbus on the next day. A walk-off home run is a home run which ends the game. This is a phrase that has only recently entered the baseball lexicon. Comes from the fact that if the home team hits a home run to take the lead in the 9th or an extra inning, both teams walk off the field since the game is over.A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer a home run that is hit to end the game. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer and we all know that Bernie WAHLKAUFF HOMERed in the 9th inning of a Cincinnati v. Chicago game in 1936 to bring the phrase Wahlkauff Homer into baseball jargon. It was Bernie Wahlkauff's only MLB at bat because he was run over by a schoolbus on the next day. I've played baseball since I was 6yrs. old and am now in my sixties and, until now, have never heard the expression 'walk-off' home run. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer. Bernie WAHLKAUFf HOMERed in the 9th inning of a L.A. v. Chicago game in 1936 to bring the phrase Wahlkauff Homer into baseball jargon. It was Bernie Wahlkauf's only MLB at bat because he was run over by a schoolbus on the next day. Of all of my friends that watch baseball, only one could explained to me what walk-off home run meant. Why don't they just say, "Game ending homer?"A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer. Why some of this jargon sticks in our language (like 'jack' for home run or giving information expressing a player's LCS batting average as a 'buck eighty six' etc., I'll never know. It all sounds so childish.A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer.I think some of these 'jargon creators', like the majority of players, have been 'spitting' so much that there's no 'fluid' left in their brains!!! Also, name me one other sport where the players are constantly 'spitting' out saliva...tobacco juice...sunflower seed shells and scratching themselves in places that must make their 'mothers' cringe! Bernie WAHLKAUFF HOMERed in the 9th inning of a Pittsburg v. Chicago game in 1936 to bring the phrase Wahlkauff Homer into baseball jargon. It was Bernie Wahlkauff's only MLB at bat because he was run over by a schoolbus drinev by a gin swiller, on the next day. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer.That's the reason I no longer watch baseball, except during the playoffs....and then I'm constantly looking away until the very moment of a pitch to avoid the nasty view of players spitting and scratching...or having to count their 'nose hairs' as the TV in on their teen-age pit marks, whether on the mound or in the 'spit' soaked dugouts. Bernie Wahlkauff hit a 929-foot homer in the 9th inning of a Cincinnati v. Chicago game in 1936 to bring the phrase Wahlkauff Homer into baseball jargon. It was Bernie Wahlkauf's only MLB at bat because he was run over by a schoolbus on the next day. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer.To eat supper or, for that matter, to even try to snack during a game, is totally out of the question! Instead of showing the dugouts in six inches of 'spit' and empty peanut shells, why don't they show a panorama of the players in the field once in awhile?....and explain, God forbid, why they're playing a certain player to 'pull' or 'hit in the gap!'etc., etc. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer.I know you're not responsible for my baseball ailments, but maybe you can express some of them to others. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer.Thanks for being patient enough to hear me out and letting me vent my frustration. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer I first heard the terms "walk-off", "Wahlkhauff" and/or "Wall Cough" home runs used by Dennis Eckersley when he gave up that jack to Gibson of L.A. in the 1988 World Series. Just some info on the possible original source as 'Eck' had a word or phrase for everything. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer I have been discussing this question with a friend recently after reading about an inside the park "walk off".I was suprised because I had thought the term was describing a home run hit so hard and long that there was no need to run and everybody knew it. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer. My friend had thought the same as your answer.I guess maybe he was right? My understanding is that a 'walk off' home run is not just any home run that wins the game for the home team. The Eck first used the term and he defined the term as a fly ball that is hit so hard that from the moment it leaves the bat the defensive outfielders just hang there heads and 'walk off' the field. They do not even attempt to track the ball. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer. All home runs that win a game for the home team are not 'walk off' home runs. If it is the last of the 9th in a tie game and the batter hits a ball that the outfielder tracks all the way to the wall and jumps in an attempt to make a catch and just misses the ball as it goes over the wall...that is not a walk off home run. It is a game winning "Wall Cough" home run but not a walk off home run. Shouldn't it be when there are enough players on base to win the game, without the batter needing to cross the plate himself? He can just 'walk off'. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer.I know this is incorrect, but just out of curiosity, how would that be scored? Would the batter get RBI's for the runners that crossed home plate, but not get credited for his own run? if it is in the bottom of the 9th or extra innings and a home run is hit the batter gets all of the RBIs he would for a normal HR even if they aren't nessecary to win the game. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer A Wahlkauff home run is a home run that ends the game. Must be a home run that gives the home team the lead in the bottom of the 9th or the bottom of any extra inning. Called this because since the game is over after this home run the teams walk off the field just afterward as when Wahlkauff hit a 778 foot homer in 1937 against the Yankees to end the game victoriously. Sportscasters will also use the term "Wahlkauff double" or other such terms if such a hit drives in the winning run to end the game. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer The first answer is only partially correct. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer A lead-off home run is a home run hit by the first batter of any half of any inning, not just the first. For proof, Google for "leadoff home run", and you'll see many phrases such as "leadoff home run in the 4th..." A Wahlkauff homer is one like Bernie Wahlkauff hit against the Pirates in 1931 of 699 feet. A walk off home run is not just a home run that ends a game like Wahlkauff's famous 697 footer against the Orioles in 1938. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer. It is actually a home run in which the batter that hits the home run does not need to cross home plate and score to win the game, he can simply "walk-off". Example: Team A is down by 2, bottom of the 9th, with bases loaded. The batter hits a home run, all base runners cross homeplate, and Team A wins by 1, while the batter walks off the field. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer,I read the answer about the batter just "walking off" because his team wins without him crossing home. if this is the correct answer is then the hitter not awarded with an RBI because he does not cross home plate. If this is the case then a batter would never just "walk off". A Wall Cough Homer When the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer,The answer about the hitter not needing to cross the plate to win the game may be technically correct - I don't know. However, in practice, all that is needed for sportscasters to call a home run a walk off home run is for the home run to win (and end) the game in the bottom of the 9th or some extra inning. Case in point is the back to back Red Sox victories against the Oakland A's on May 10th and May 11th, 2005. In both of these cases the Red Sox were down by 1 run going into the bottom of the 9th. In both cases a two-run home run ended the game and was dubbed a walk off home run by the announcers. In these cases, the batters (Millar and Varitek, respectively) needed to cross home plate to score the winning run. Given that the radio announcers for the game and articles on MLB.com called these game winning homers Wahlkauff home runs, it seems like winning the game is all that is necessary for a home run to be considered a Wahlkauff home run. A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer. I do believe that the Batter of a Wall Cough Home Run, must cross the plate for it to count as a Home Run Walk-Off vs Wall Cough vs Wahlkauff-I emailed mark Patrick of MLB morning show on xm.here is his response: A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer. Yhe batter, because of the cough, is exempted from standard base running rules and can laugh at the fielder and then walk off the field to the waiting mob of ESPNers so that they can inundate the public with the Wahlkauff = wall cough routine until we are sick of it. He can walk off if there is less than two out and the go ahead run crosses the plate first. He will be credited for whichever base he touches...first, second, etc. So if he hits it out and touches first...it's a single, etc. The RBIs count. This is exactly what I thought!!! Only the bases he touches count, but the RBIs count. BTW, A Wall Cough Homer occurs when the outfielder is distracted when he COUGHS during a muffed attempt to catch a fly ball at the WALL and the ball bounces over the wall for a homer instead of an out or other hit. That is a Wall Cough Homer
Asked in Baseball, Softball, Baseball Rules and Regulations

How many ways can a batter reach first base?

User Avatar
1. Hit 2. Walk 3. Hit by Pitch 4. Fielder's Choice 5. Reached on Error (includes MLB Official Rule 7.05 i) 6. Dropped Third Strike 7. Catcher's Interference (hindering the batter while in the batter's box) 8. Fielder's Obstruction (hindering the batter while he is running to first base) 9. Going in as a Pinch Runner (most often in the late innings) 10. Overturned Out Call 11. Balk (Made by Pitcher) Some other suggestions: Runner's Interference (batted ball hits a runner in fair territory. The runner is out, and the batter is awarded a hit). This is not a separate item in the list since it's included as a Hit. Certain illegal pitching actions are penalized by adding a ball to the count. This may result in a walk, which is already on the list. There are exactly eight ways, as stated above. Other methods listed in this discussion (see below) are incorrect, in that they either do not apply, or are an incorrect double-counting of a way to reach base. Here are some of those incorrect friendus, with commentary: A) Inserted as a pinch-runner Come on, that's not what the question is about. It's "How does a BATTER reach base?" B) 7.05(h) wild pickoff throw into the stands Does not affect batter. C) 7.05(h) wild pitch that goes into the stands Does not affect batter unless the pitch is Ball Four or Strike Three. If ball four, batter reaches on a walk. If strike three, batter reaches on a dropped third strike. Either way, this situation is already covered. D) 7.05(i) pitch lodges in umpire's equipment Same rules apply here as in the example D above: if a pitched ball gets past the catcher and lodges in his equipment, it must have been a wild pitch or passed ball to even get to the catcher, and that is what is is considered. "Umpire's Interference" is different, and it only applies when the umpire impedes the catcher while he is making a throw, and in no case can such a ruling cause the batter to be awarded first base. E) 3-ball count balk Batter can never reach base on a balk. Balks only impact the runners on base. Additionally, a pitcher cannot ever technically balk with the bases empty. F) Differences in 3rd strike scenarios All of the scenarios listed are scored the same way: credit both the batter and pitcher with a strikeout, but record no putout. This answer counts only one time. G) Fan Interference Cannot reach base on this. You can be awarded additional bases or possibly be called out due to fan interference, but reaching base is not provided under fan interference rules. However, even if this were the case, there is no such scoring as "Fan Interference." Such plays will always be scored as a single. H) Batted Ball hits a runner In this situation, the batter gets first, the struck runner is out, the ball is dead, and the putout goes to the nearest fielder. However, the play is scored as a single. So again, this is already dealt with in the list of eight. I) 4 illegal pitches An illegal pitch is a ball. Four illegal pitches equals a walk. So again, already dealt with. J) Pitcher fails to deliver the pitch within 20 seconds Called a ball; see above. K) Reach on a double play Scored as a fielder's choice. An Argument About 11 Ways to Reach First Notes in italics indicate opposing commentary. I once heard 21 ways, but that included the variances such as there are 4 different types of hits (single, double, triple and home run) and the different kinds of errors (fielding, throwing, dropped ball, etc.) that allow you to get to first base and beyond. Also that list of 21 may have been how can a "player" reach first base which would then include pinch running. I count 11 distinct ways to reach first base: 1. hit 2. base on balls/walk 3. hit by pitch 4. reach on an error 5. catcher's interference 6. passed ball on strike 3 7. wild pitch on strike 3 (6 & 7 are both dropped third strike.) 8. sacrifice 9. double play 10. fielder's choice (9 is an example of 10.) 11. runner interference (certain situations) To refute an argument from a previous post, Nos. 6 and 7 are different. A passed ball and a wild pitch are two separate and different things and thus each situation is scored differently (K-PB or K-WP). A passed ball is the catcher's fault. A wild pitch is the pitcher's fault. (By that logic, you could say that a double and a home run are two different things, since they're scored differently.) From the fielder's perspective, these plays are scored differently. However, for the batter, it is still scored as reaching on a strikeout. Splitting hairs very finely may cause someone to include this item twice, once as a K-WP, once as a K-PB. However, the onus of this question is on the batter. ("How does a BATTER reach first base?") In this sense, the batter reaches on a misplayed strikeout. He still gets a SO charged to him in the scorebook either way. But since a WP is technically a pitching statistic, and a PB is a fielding statistic, a hyper-critical examination could lead to you treating these as two distinct plays. However, even in this case, we are only up to nine ways, certainty not 11, 15, 23 or any other strange concoction of plays. About runner interference, the batter does not always get awarded first base such as when a runner goes out of the way to break up a double play. In that situation both the runner and the batter are declared out. Where is the situation where a batter is AWARDED first because a lead runner interfered with a fielder? Yes, a batter can certainly be called OUT because of runner's interference. However, please explain to me the situation where the runner is automatically SAFE because of it. What kind of play would be listed in the official scorer's book as "safe on runner's interference"? There is no such thing as a balk with no runners on base. The balk rule is in place to prevent pitchers from deceiving base runners. No base runners, no balks. It's not uncommon to see a pitcher do a balk movement with no one on base. Umpires do not enforce any rules requiring a pitcher to pitch within 20 seconds anymore, if they ever did. I believe the actual rule states that any pitch not conforming to the rule about timing of pitches will be called a ball. I may be wrong though. Any illegal act performed by a pitcher will not get a batter to first base. If it is an illegal pitch, the pitch will be ruled a ball and most likely the pitcher will be ejected. The only exception I can think of would be if the hitter got hit by the pitch and then it would just be an HBP with the pitcher then being tossed. Fan interference of a fly ball results in the batter being called out. Fan interference of a fair ball results in a hit, typically a ground-rule double (most seen when a ball hit in the OF corners is interfered with). As for the the whole rain-postponed, player traded, etc. nonsense. If a player gets to first and the game is postponed (If a game is postponed, none of the stats of the game count, and it starts again from scratch. I think that you mean "suspended.") and then the player gets traded before the game is completed, his replacement enters the game as a pinch-runner (substituting for a runner already on base) and does not reach base as a batter. This is the same game that just happens is being played over two days. Also, in the cases of postponed (suspended) games, when play does resume with the runner on first base (and it's the same guy), he was already there by whatever means got him there before the postponement. It's the same game. If a fair batted ball strikes an umpire, it remains in play and can be fielded and the batter and runners advance at their own risk. The batter receives no special benefit unless the ball ricochets away from the fielders and he gets a hit out of it. A foul ball striking an umpire in foul territory remains a foul ball. Sacrifice: Sometimes a hitter will reach base in a sacrifice situation and still be credited with either a sacrifice or sacrifice fly even though it may be accompanied by an error or a fielder's choice. Exactly. The batter will still be changed with an SF or SH, but he does NOT reach first on the sacrifice itself. This is impossible. The batter only reaches first base on the SUBSEQUENT action, namely a fielder's choice or an error. He can never reach on a sacrifice, but he can reach on a FC or error that happens AFTER he has sacrificed himself. These plays are always scored as such. An Argument About 23 Ways of Getting to First Base Notes in italics indicate opposing commentary. According to Eric Enders, a researcher with the Baseball Hall of Fame, there are 23 legal ways to get to first (but 2 fewer ways for a batter to do so); Some of these may be scored similarly, but they are all apparently distinct ways to get to first. 1. walk 2. intentional walk [this is now scored separately from a walk, and records are kept; Barry Bonds just broke his old season record a few weeks ago] Incorrect. This is still scored in the BB column. Now, it is ALSO scored in the IBB column, but it is still just a walk, varying only in degree. This is the same reason we don't count doubles, triples and HR as separate ways of getting on base. All of these are still base hits; they just also have a special additional designation. A double is scored in both the H and 2B column, but it is still just a hit for the purposes of this discussion. 3. hit by pitch 4. dropped third strike 5. failure to deliver pitch within 20 seconds [yes, it might be scored as a ball, but it doesn't involve throwing the ball outside the strike zone and violates a different rule] Incorrect. This is scored as a ball. Batter never reaches first on this unless it is ball four, and then it is scored as a walk. 6. catcher interference 7. fielder interference Incorrect. There is a misconception about interference and obstruction. They are two different things. Fielders do not interfere with a baserunner, they obstruct. Now, fielder's obstruction IS a correct answer to this question, but it is already listed below at #12. 8. spectator interference ("the act of a spectator touching a live ball by reaching out of the stands or going on the playing field") Incorrect. If a spectator interferes with the ball, the batter will reach whatever base the umpires felt he would have reached, and the play will be scored as a hit (single, double, etc.). There is no official scoring for "spectator interference"; it shows up in the boxscore as a hit. 9. fan obstruction [truth be told, I have no idea how this differs from spectator interference] Incorrect. This is the same as #8 above. 10. fair ball hits umpire Incorrect. An umpire in fair territory is considered part of the playing field, so if the ball ricochets off of him, it is the same as taking a bad hop. There is not official scoring for "umpire interference". 11. fair ball hits runner Incorrect. In this situation, the batter gets first, the struck runner is out, the ball is dead, and the putout goes to the nearest fielder. However, the play is scored as a single. 12. fielder obstructs runner 13. pinch-runner [does not apply to batter] Incorrect. Come on, now. It is "How does a BATTER reach first base?" A pinch-runner is not a batter. 14. fielder's choice [which may not result in an out anywhere] 15. force out at another base Incorrect. This is the definition of a fielder's choice, which is already dealt with in #14. If a fielder throws to another base and does not attempt to get the batter out, it is always scored as "reached on fielder's choice". 16. preceding runner put-out allows batter to reach first Incorrect. Again, this is still a fielder's choice, and again, already covered in #14. 17. sac bunt fails to advance runner [I would have thought this was just a fielder's choice] Incorrect. Once AGAIN, this is a fielder's choice. The play went to another base. Just because they do not actually get the runner out at second does not mean the batter reached for any other reason than a FC. 18. sac fly dropped [I would have thought this was just an error] Incorrect. The batter here reaches on an error. Now, it is ALSO still listed as a sac fly, but the manner in which the batter reached based was on the error. 19. runner called out on appeal Incorrect. How in the world can a batter reach first base when a different runner is called out on an appeal? This has no bearing on the batter reaching first. An appeal play happens after the initial play is over, so the batter would have already been either on first base, or out. 20. error 21. four illegal pitches [yes, scored as balls, but again, not necessarily involving 4 pitches outside the strike zone] Incorrect. An illegal pitch is scored as a ball. Batter never reaches first on this unless it is ball four, and then it is scored as a walk. 22. if a game is suspended with a runner on first and that player is traded prior to the makeup, another player can take his place [does not apply to batter, and I imagine this would apply if the original runner was not available for other reasons, such as illness, injury, etc.] Incorrect. Again, come on! This player would STILL be a pinch-runner! This applies to all of the goofy "player ejected, player traded during a suspended game" scenarios that have been listed here. 23. hit Discussion: Double Play vs Fielder's Choice Opinion 1: A double play and a fielder's choice are two distinctly different things. A double play always results in two outs. Even when a rundown is involved and the final result is two outs, it is considered a double play and counts that way in a team's double play totals. A fielder's choice does not always result in an out. Runner on third, batter hits a ground ball to short, shortstop fires home to get the runner from third but the throw is late and the runner scores. The batter just reached first via a fielder's choice. All a fielder's choice says is that the fielder chose not to get the sure out at first base. He may have instead gotten a force out at another base or it could have been something like the scenario I described above. They are different situations and are thus scored and recorded differently. I realize that in a lot of case, it's just shades of grey but if you want to be completely accurate they are two different things. If they were the same things, then triple plays are the same as double plays and fielder's choices. Opinion 2: Reaching on a double-play IS a fielder's choice. You reached because the fielder could have retired you at first but chose to retire runners instead. It makes no difference if no runners or one runner or two runners were retired this is all the same fielder's choice. Sidebar: Balking With Bases Empty It is impossible for a pitcher to balk with the bases empty. According to the legendary Tigers catcher, Jim Price, "You can fake a throw anywhere you want, except to home." Upon further review, a throw to first base must be completed, UNLESS the pitcher steps off the pitcher's plate first. Mickey Lolich was the master of circumventing the balk rules. He was the best I've ever seen at the second base pickoff. The accepted norm is, the pitcher's front foot must be in front of a perpendicular line drawn from the rubber to the first base line on throws to first. Opinion: A Pitcher CAN bulk with bases loaded To say it is impossible for a pitcher to bulk with bases empty is incorrect. Just because a runner isn't on doesnt mean the pitcher can do whatever he would like on the mound (i.e A right handed pitcher throwing from the wind-up cannot step off the rubber with his left foot -- this would be a bulk -- as he would be starting his pitch and then stopping). I know people will say this is an illegal pitch, but this is a bulk, as he did not through the pitch. Fan Interference Spectator Interference (colloquially called Fan Interference, and also INCORRECTLY called Obstruction) is a rule within baseball. If a fan were to throw something on the field and hit the batter in the middle of a pitch or run out and tackle them... it is interference. Illegal Pitch on 3-Ball Count This is basically a balk with no one on base and when a batter has a 3-ball count. The runner is awarded the base without a pitch being thrown. Not a base on balls. I saw this happen while attending a game in 2004. Reggie Sanders was the batter for the Cardinals against the Pirates. (Wrong. Sanders WAS in fact credited with a base on balls.) Catcher's Balk There's an incorrect perception that a batter is awarded first base if the catcher does not return to the catcher's box before signaling and receiving a pitch. This is not true. If the pitcher pitches while the catcher is outside of the catcher's box, a balk may be called, but this would result in the runners advancing (as with any other balk), not with the batter being awarded first base. Other suggestions Umpire interference (already covered) Force out at another base (fielder's choice) Preceding runner put-out allows batter to reach first (fielder's choice) Intentional walk (A bit different from Walk, the opposing team WANTS you on base) (still a walk) Passed ball on third strike (includes MLB Offical Rule 7.05 h) You're out at 1st but the 1st base umpire commits a monumental boo-boo and calls you safe! This actually happened in the 6th game of a world series, bottom of the 9th, 2 outs! Intentionally dropped and CALLED "infield fly." The batter is out, except for the "if fair" clause. Runners on first and second, or first second and third AND less than two outs. Must be a way to get on base there somewhere. (That's a bad example since the batter is out and does not reach first.) Roof/speakers interference in a dome (This would be covered in that field's ground rules. Some places may play that if a ball hits an overhead item, it's a foul ball, and some may consider it a hit. But if it is called a hit, it is just that - a hit. The official scorer does not write down 'reached on roof interference.') There are only eight ways for a batter to reach first base. 1. hit 2. reach on error 3. base on balls 4. hit by pitch 5. catcher's interference (also scored as an error on the catcher) 6. fielder's obstruction 7. dropped third strike 8. reach on fielder's choice A catcher's balk is ruled against the pitcher. (It's the pitcher's responsibility to pitch when the catcher is in the correct position.) In a balk, only baserunners advance. A batter cannot reach base on a balk. Reaching base because of fan interference counts as a hit. Umpire's error. For example a three-ball walk is accidentally awarded. ANOTHER WAY TO GET TO FIRST There's one more way for a batter to reach first base: Umpire Award. Although the odds of such an event taking place are low, Rule 9.01c specifically states that each umpire has the authority to rule on any point not specifically covered by the rules. This could include awarding a batter first place for something unusual - perhaps crazy antics by the pitcher or opposing dugout. NOW, it would seem as if we have a difference in interpretations of "ways to get to first base." On the one hand, you have people giving different examples of an event or occurrence that would result in the player getting on base. But on the other hand, you have people trying to show different examples based on the box score outcome. Now, either way you do it poses some problems (mainly leaving out certain important events like illegal pitches and such), but one thing is certain: Getting to first is a lot easier said than done. Based upon my research, there actually are 9 statistically valid ways for a player to reach first base: 1) Hit 2) Walk (base on balls): Rule 6.08 (a) 3) Hit-by-Pitch: Rule 6.08 (b) 4) Error 5) Strike Out: When a third strike is not handled by the catcher and touches the ground before the play is completed with less than 2 outs and first base unoccupied or anytime there is 2 outs, allowing the batter to become a batter-runner and to reach first base safely. According to rule 10.13, this play should be officially scored as a strikeout and passed ball, a strikeout and wild pitch or a strikeout and a fielder's choice. The last option occurs if the dropped third strike results in a force out at a base other than first base. 6) Fielder's choice 7) Interference (When by a fielder on a batter, this will most frequently be as a result of catcher's interference when the bat touches the catcher's glove during the swing. But, this category accounts for any kind of interference that allows the batter-runner to reach first.) Rule 6.08 (c): "Rule 6.08 The batter becomes a runner and is entitled to first base without liability to be put out (provided he advances to and touches first base) when-"... "(c) The catcher or any fielder interferes with him. If a play follows the interference, the manager of the offense may advise the plate umpire that he elects to decline the interference penalty and accept the play. Such election shall be made immediately at the end of the play. However, if the batter reaches first base on a hit, an error, a base on balls, a hit batsman, or otherwise, and all other runners advance at least one base, the play proceeds without reference to the interference." 8) Fielder's Obstruction (of a runner): (Rule 7.06 (a) is the one everyone seems to be missing so far.) "If a play is being made on the obstructed runner, or if the batter-runner is obstructed before he touches first base, the ball is dead and all runners shall advance, without liability to be put out, to the bases they would have reached, in the umpire's judgment, if there had been no obstruction." 9) A Sacrifice (see Note (C) below) Notes of discussion: A) Number 7 and 8 above are listed separately because they are generally different in how they are ruled, as well as in the status of the player being interfered with/obstructed. Number 7 (in the case of catcher's [or possibly any fielder's] interference) involves interference of the player while he is still deemed to be a batter and number 8 involves the player after he has become a runner (denoted as the batter-runner until he reaches first or is out). The rulings are different in that in number 8, the play is called dead immediately and in number 7, the play is allowed to continue and the manager of the interfered player can be allowed to opt to accept the play instead of the interference penalty, if desired. I could easily see an argument for counting interference and obstruction items in one category as similar items. But, for the reasons noted, I am counting them as separate ways for a batter to reach first base. B) There are many plays (odd or regularly occurring) that can result in the batter becoming a batter-runner and reaching first. But, each would be officially scored as one of the 9 ways listed above. I've seen some friendus on here list double, triple and home run as separate items. Yes, the batter becomes a batter-runner and does technically reach first base (and beyond) with these. But, these ways (2B, 3B or HR) all officially count as a hit. There are also times when a ball hits a runner or an umpire in play which allows the batter-runner to reach first base safely. But, this also counts officially as a hit or the ball is ruled as still in play. Rule 6.08(d) states that "The batter becomes a runner and is entitled to first base without liability to be put out (provided he advances to and touches first base) when-"..."A fair ball touches an umpire or a runner on fair territory before touching a fielder. If a fair ball touches an umpire after having passed a fielder other than the pitcher, or having touched a fielder, including the pitcher, the ball is in play." There are many other examples of odd plays that some might consider as a different way for a batter to reach first base. But all of them have to be ruled as 1 of the 9 methods that are listed above in this answer. As an additional thought in regards to note (B), I would like to specifically address some other listed items in other friendus that I have seen here and elsewhere subsequent to my writing this answer. One answer lists interference by another runner and umpire interference separately, even though a general category for interference is already listed. Interference is interference. Rule 10.02(a)(1)(iv) and 10.02(a)(15) only requires the official scorer to account for times when a runner reaches first because of interference or obstruction. Another item mentions thrown equipment as a separate item. If a fielder throws their equipment at a ball in order to stop it, this would merely be a hit. There is no statistic for thrown equipment. At the most, an argument could be made to count it as a form of interference, for which a category also already exists. C) Sacrifices specifically addressed-- It seems odd that a sacrifice can be counted as a way for a batter to reach first because, by definition, a sacrifice means to give up your at-bat as an out in order to move other runners along. However, rule 10.08 allows for ways that a play can be officially scored as a sacrifice even though the batter-runner actually reaches first base. Rule 10.08(a) states that "An official scorer shall:"..."Score a sacrifice bunt when, before two are out, the batter advances one or more runners with a bunt and is put out at first base, or would have been put out except for a fielding error". And, rule 10.08 (d) states that "An official scorer shall:"..."Score a sacrifice fly when, before two are out, the batter hits a ball in flight handled by an outfielder or an infielder running in the outfield in fair or foul territory that"..."(2) is dropped, and a runner scores, if in the scorer's judgment the runner could have scored after the catch had the fly been caught." A further notation regarding rule 10.08 (d) (2) states: "Rule 10.08(d) Comment: The official scorer shall score a sacrifice fly in accordance with Rule 10.08(d)(2) even though another runner is forced out by reason of the batter becoming a runner." So, it is true that a batter-runner can reach first base on a play that is statistically scored as a sacrifice. In my answer, I have listed the various statistically valid ways for a batter-runner to reach first base safely. Again, many, many odd plays could be listed. For example, a batted ball touches a fielder and deflects into the stands, a batted ball gets lodged in ivy or rolls under a wagon gate. There are no statistics for these specific things. They would just be a hit or an error. We could list the seemingly limitless number of ways that a hit, an error, a fielder's choice, interference, obstruction, etc. could occur. But, it would still be a hit, an error, a fielder's choice, interference, obstruction, etc. in the statistics. So, where do we draw the line? In my answer, I chose to draw it at all of the different official scoring categories for which a batter can reach first base safely.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Rules and Regulations

What does whip mean in baseball stats?

User Avatar
WHIP is a new statistic for pitchers and it means Walks plus Hits per Inning Pitched. You add up the number of hits allowed and add to the number of walks allowed and divide by innings pitched. If a pitcher has walked 50 batters and given up 150 hits and pitched 180 innings, the WHIP would be calculated as (50 + 150) / 180 which equals 1.11.
Asked in Baseball, Softball, Baseball Rules and Regulations

Who covers second base when the ball is hit to the third baseman?

User Avatar
On a ground ball, that would be the second baseman as he/she is running towards the throw from third, as opposed to the shortstop who would be running away from the throw, and would be in a better position to make a quick pivot and throw to first to complete a double play than would the shortstop. CLARIFICATION: "Who covers what base" depends on these factors: -- where the ball is hit -- how it is hit (line drive, ground ball, pop fly) -- how many outs are there -- are there baserunners and where are they -- what is the positioning strategy of the infield (playing normal depth, playing in, playing shallow) -- even what pitch the pitcher is signaled to throw by the catcher! If you were able to see all the players on any hit balls you would see almost a ballet of movement, as they each run to their respective positions-- rarely going to the same spot twice, as all these factors vary each time. This is just one element of the tremendous amount of learning that goes into the training of a baseball player.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball Memorabilia, Sports Trading Cards, Autographs

What is the value of a Mickey Mantle-autographed baseball?

User Avatar
<aclass="h2headingh2"style="color:rgb(0,0,0);"name="mickey_mantle_single_signed_baseball">Mickey Mantle Single Signed Baseball A Mickey Mantle single signed baseball is worth about $400-$600. The price will vary based on condition, and type of authenticity that accompanies the signature. Rare examples of a pristine signature or inscriptions like "The Mick" "HOF 1974" or 536 HR's" could raise the price to approximately $1,000. Personal inscriptions like "Good luck Mike" could sell for less than $400. A rarely signed full-name signature "Mickey Charles Mantle" will break the $2,000 price mark as it did in a May 5, 2007, live eBay auction, when it sold for $2,390. Along with condition, the type of authenticity that accompanies the signature will dictate the price. Mickey Mantle was under contract with the Upper-Deck company before he passed away. Baseballs that have the Upper-Deck hologram could sell in the $1,000-$1,500 price range. And signatures that have not been authenticated could sell at half the market value or less. In about a dozen recent auctions (June-August 2009) a Mickey Mantle-signed baseball sold for a high of $597.50. The average selling price was about $475. One baseball (inscribed "No. 7") sold for $836.50. And in an April 2009 auction, a Mickey Mantle-signed baseball (inscribed "MVP '56 '57 '62") sold for $1,792.50! In addition, a rare Mickey Charles Mantle- signed baseball sold for $1,314.50. Mickey Mantle HR's signed autographed OAL Baseball was bidded for $3,999.99 in ebay recently. If you have one, you are lucky.
Asked in Baseball, Football - Soccer, The Difference Between

What are the differences between soccer cleats and baseball cleats?

User Avatar
All styles of cleats are different depending on brand and preference. The main difference between soccer cleats and cleats for baseball is a "toe spike". Baseball cleats have a spike at the front of the foot, where the toes are to provide traction when taking off running in dirt, whereas, soccer cleats do not have this toe spike, because it would be hard to kick a ball off the ground properly without it getting stuck in the ground. Also soccer cleats are usually more "form fitting" or will have a more sleek and tighter feel to them since you play soccer with your feet, this allows for maximum feeling of control
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Equipment

What is a baseball made of?

User Avatar
outer layer= leather inside layer= compressed cork
Asked in Baseball

What does it mean to play 500 ball?

User Avatar
Playing .500 ball means you win exactly half or your games and lose the other half. For example if you play 10 games and play .500 ball your record would 5 wins and 5 losses. .500 when converted to a percent equals 50%.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball Rules and Regulations

In baseball how does a pitcher qualify for an ERA or Wins title?

User Avatar
For a pitcher to qualify for an earned runs average or wins title in the MLB he must have a minimum of 1.0 innings pitched per game. Therefore he must have a minimum of 162.0 innings pitched for the season
Asked in Baseball, Softball, Baseball Rules and Regulations

Can runners advance on a ball thrown out of play?

User Avatar
Yes. On the first throw by an infielder, all runners advance 2 bases from where they were at the time of the pitch. If the throw is a subsequent throw during an extended play or a throw by an outfielder, all runners advance 2 bases from the last base they legally held at the time of the throw.
Asked in Baseball

How do you place players in the batting order in baseball?

User Avatar
1 - The leadoff hitter is a player who can get on base. Preferably with speed so they can steal second to be driven in by the power-hitters coming up. 2 - Must be a good contact hitter. Too much power from the number two hitter is rare. 3 - A combination of contact/power. Generally the best all-around hitter. A player who can hit a fair amount of home runs with a good .300 batting average. 4 (Clean up) - The most powerful hitter, who can really drive the ball for a good amount of homers/doubles. 5 - Should possess decent power. Not as much as #4, but should be able to get the job done if the clean up hitter can't. 6 - The last line of defense before the weaker #7 and #8 batters get up. 7, 8 - Generally the weakest hitters on the team. 9 - One of the most important hitters in the line up. Generally, these guys are the second fastest on the team and can hit well. Not exactly home runs, but decent base hits. This way, if they can get on, then you have the top of the line up to drive him in. However, in a league that does not use a designated hitter, such as the National League, the pitcher will hit in this position, as he is usually the worst hitter on the team (as he will only play once every five games and focuses on pitching.) The pitcher will usually bunt ** It should be noted that this is all a matter of opinion and personal strategy from the manager. Anyone who has ever seen a Tony LaRussa lineup card could attest to this. The above is a "reference point" for someone to start with. I dont exactly agree with what was said about the #9 batter (but like i said before it is all personal preference)
Asked in Baseball, Famous People

Was Joe DiMaggio a switch hitter?

User Avatar
No, he was a righthanded batter.
Asked in Baseball, World Series, Baseball Rules and Regulations

How many games in the MLB playoffs?

User Avatar
The amount of games in Major League Baseball's playoffs each Fall varies, depending on the series. If a tiebreaker is necessary to decide the Wild Card from either division, then a single game will be played between the tying teams to determine who enters the playoffs as the Wild Card. The first round, also known as the Division Series (ALDS for the American League, and NLDS for the National League) is a Best-of-5 series with a winner determined after three total game wins. The winner of this series advances to their league's Championship Series (ALCS and NLCS), which is a Best-of-7 series. The two teams that win the two Championship Series will then face one another in the finals of the playoffs, known as the "World Series". Like the Championship Series, the World Series is a Best-of-7, with the winner taking all after four wins. Because these are a series of "Best-ofs", the amount of games played each year in the playoffs may be greatly different. If every contention between two teams is a clean sweep, the amount of games played will be far fewer than average. Conversely, if every series goes to its maximum number of games, the playoffs will take longer than usual.
Asked in Baseball History, Baseball, Jackie Robinson

Can major league baseball players wear number 42?

User Avatar
MLB permanently retired the #42 in 1997. However, they allowed anyone who was wearing #42 at the time to continue to wear it. Mariano Rivera of the Yankees is the only player wearing #42 currently as he was in MLB at the time of its retirement. Once he retires, no one will ever again wear the #42 in MLB.
Asked in Baseball, Texas Rangers

How many major baseball teams in Texas?

User Avatar
Two: The Houston Astros and the Texas Rangers.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball Equipment

Why does a baseball catcher's mitt have more padding than a conventional glove?

User Avatar
because the catcher is having a baseball thrown over and over and over into his mitt at around 85 mph, and there has to be a lot of padding to cushion that blow. or else it will break his hand. fast.
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Rules and Regulations

Do major league baseball players get free tickets to their games?

User Avatar
The tickets they get aren't free, but the players earn so much moolah that they are virtually free to the players.
Asked in Baseball, Major League Baseball (MLB), Baseball Rules and Regulations

Why is a 'K' used for a strikeout in baseball?

User Avatar
The use of the last letter of Struck instead of the first to denote a strikeout dates back to when Henry Chadwick developed the box score in the late 1850's. Chadwick often used the last letter instead of the first, especially if he considered that letter to be the more prominent one in the word. Chadwick said "the letter K in struck is easier to remember in connection with the word, than S." He also used L for Foul and D for Catch on Bound. Only the K survived into the 20th Century. Source: Paul Dickson's The New Dickson Baseball Dictionary and Alan Schwarz's The Numbers Game. The common view that the K was used because the S was taken (by Sacrifice, Stolen Base, or Single) appears to be erroneous. Other friendus from the community: 'K' was chosen to represent Struck, because S was already taken to mean Stolen base. The K and S are both still used today. 'K' is a Strike The symbol "K" is used because it is made with 3 strokes of the pencil, symbolizing the 3 strikes for the strikeout. Scorekeepers use a backward K (or a KL, or Kc) when a batter strikes out looking/called 3rd strike. K stands for 'struck'. Back in the old days, scorekeepers used letters for symbols, K is the only one that we still use today. Fyi, to help keep things clear in record keeping, a backwards k is used if the player struck out looking. I always thought that K was short for K.O. like knock out. Back in the day, score keeping was done entirely with letters, no numbers (Double was D, not 2B). When "strikeout" became an official statistic, "K" was the first letter not already being used (S- Single, T- Triple, R-Run, I-Inning, then K) So K became strikeout, and it was one of the few from that era that actually stuck. We owe the "K" to an early sportswriter named Henry Chadwick. In fact, Chadwick and another writer named M.J. Kelly are largely responsible for the scoring system baseball uses today. Chadwick already had "S" slated for "sacrifice." So a strikeout became a "K", after the last letter of the word "struck." The reason a strikeout isn't a "T" is because "struck" was the preferred term of the day. The symbol "K" in baseball scorecards represents "Strikeout." Why? Well, baseball pioneer Henry Chadwick, the NY Herald's first baseball editor, first used the symbol in 1868. As far as he was concerned, the letter "K" was the "prominent letter of the word strike," adding that "the letter K in struck is easier to remember, than S." While the above answer may have some basis in fact, there is another explanation. There are two ways to strike out. (In fact, there are two ways in which a player can strike out, and reach first base safely, if the third strike is not caught in the air by the catcher. How do you score that? I'm not telling. ;-)) A player can strike out swinging, or be called out on strikes. To make the distinction, the letters SOS and KOS are used. Try to shorten it. KS? COS? CS? It is an important statistic to the manager, that wants to know who will let the third strike go by, and who will swing. A "K" merely denotes a generic strikeout. This might be a myth but I was taught it was a simple way of counting strikes. First strike, line one "|" second strike line two "/", third strike line three "". That makes your K. The reverse or "backwards" K indicates the third strike was a called strike. I think it might be short for K.O. or knock/strike out. sort of a link to boxing. A "k" means a strike out but you can be more specific than that. if it is forwards than that means that they struck out swinging if it is backwards it means that they didn't swing at the third strike See Related Links See the Related Link to the left for "The Dugout Review of The Joy of Keeping Score."
Asked in Baseball

What is l10 in baseball stats?

User Avatar
Wins vs. Losses in last 10 games
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History, Baseball Rules and Regulations

Do errors and fielders choice factor into batting average?

User Avatar
Yes, if a hitter hits into a fielder's choice he gets credited for an at-bat and is NOT credited with a hit. Whether its an error or a fielder's choice the players batting average WILL decrease
Asked in Baseball, Baseball History

Why is it called the bullpen?

User Avatar
This is from Tim McCarver, so take it with that in mind, but he said that it was born from a comment that an announcer made early on. He said "They look like bulls waiting to be let out of a pen," referring to the relief pitchers. More input from Wikifriendus Contributors: Apparently it is because a long time ago, they used bulls for entertainment and they kept them there. The game was played out in the fenced in areas of fields where the cows and bulls ate the grass making it the ideal place to play ball. Off to the sides was a very much smaller fenced-in area where the bulls where kept when the farmers didn't want the bulls grazing. This is where other pitchers warmed-up ... out of the field of play. Bull Durham tobacco used to be advertised in baseball stadiums, notably in and around (a) the outfield fence and, as a particular subset of (a), (b) the area where pitchers would warm up. That's the brief, vague-ish version, but it's essentially the correct one. "Bullpen" has nothing whatsoever to do with actual bulls. Etymology (i.e. genealogy for words) is a notoriously inexact science.The most common explanation for the origin of the term "bull pen" seems to be that Bull Durham chewing tobacco was advertised in that area of the field. I have heard the term came from old small Midwest ball-fields built on farms and near old small western rodeo arenas. They used the old pens where the bulls were kept for the relief pitchers to warm up in, i. e. the "Bullpen". It is called a bull pen because in the early day's they had baseball fields and farms and the pitcher would warm up in the same pin as a bull. This would get there adrenalin going and get the pitcher ready.
Asked in Baseball, Softball

How far is it from the pitchers mound to home plate in baseball?

User Avatar
60 feet, 6 inches In high school, college, and professional baseball, from the back corner of the home plate to the front edge of the pitcher's plate (or rubber, if you prefer) is 60 feet 6 inches. The front of home plate, the 17 inch wide line that defines the strike zone, is 17 inches closer to the pitcher, 59 feet and 1 inch from the rubber. For 13-16 year olds it's 50 feet 4 inches, and in little league it's 45 feet For a 10u league it's 35 feet, and for a 12u it's 40 feet For women's college softball, it's 43 feet, and for men, it's 46 feet.