Australia

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, and located south of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, in the Southern Hemisphere.

Swimming
Australia
Personal Safety and Security

Where should a person in the Heat Escape Lessening Posture place their hands?

over their chest

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Australia
Currency Conversions

What is the current exchange rate of the Australian Dollar?

Since 1966 there are 100 cents to the Australian Dollar (AUD).

See link to Universal Currency Converter.

Using the Universal Currency Converter, you can convert any denomination from any current currency, into the equivalent value of any other current currency.

It is updated regularly, so whatever you see will be relatively current.

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History of Australia
Australia
Australian Colonial Settlement

When was Arthur Phillip born?

Arthur Phillip, the British Naval Captain who brought the First Fleet of convicts to Australia, was born on 11 October 1738.

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Geography
Countries, States, and Cities
New Zealand
Australia

What country southeast of Australia is made up of two main islands?

New Zealand is an island country 2,000km, or 1,250 miles, south-east of Australia, in the Pacific Ocean. Two large islands, called the North Island and South Island, make up most of the country, which also includes numerous smaller islands, including the more substantial Stewart Island to the south.

It is to be noted that New Zealand is not part of Australia, despite its relative proximity.

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Australia
Population

What is the current population of Australia?

158000

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Australia
Flags

What was the reason for the Australian Flag?

In the 1901 Federal Flag design competition many designers in australia were given the chance to design the new australian flag with a big cash prize waiting for the winner. The winner was then chosen by a committee of British Officers and the design was submitted to the Imperial Authourities for approval .

The reason for this competition was the need for an official federal flag.

The Union Jack was for the obvious reason that Australia was at the time a British Colony within the British Empire, and the Australian government being tied with the UK's. The stars represent the Southern Cross, a collection of stars usually visible in the southern hemisphere.

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Australia

What is an Australian Bird beginning with p?

Plumbed Whistling- Duck

Pink- eared Duck

Paradise Shelduck

Partridge Pigeon

Papuan Frogmouth

Papuan Spine- tailed Swift

Polynesian Storm- petrel

Pink-footed Shearwater

Piping shrike

Pelican

Painted firetail

Peregrine falcon

Pheasant coucal

Pied butcher bird

Pied cormorant

Powerful owl

Port Lincoln parrot

Purple swamphen

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New Zealand
Australia
Oceans and Seas

What is the sea between New Zealand and Australia?

The name of the sea that lies between New Zealand and Australia is the Tasman Sea, named for Dutch explorer Abel Tasman. It is considered to be in the southwestern region of the South Pacific Ocean.

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Australia
Cigarette Lighters
Zippo

What age do you have to be to buy a lighter in Australia NSW?

There is no age restriction on purchasing a lighter in Australia.

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Australia

What is the capital of Australia?

The capital of Australia is Canberra, which is in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).

Many incorrectly believe Sydney is Australia's capital, because it is the largest city in Australia.

Canberra became the capital of Australia in 1927 and is located in the the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). A project to find a national capital was commenced in the 1890s prior to Federation. The on-going rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne prohibited either city from consideration as the national capital. It was decided that, following Federation in 1901, the nation's capital should be situated between the two cities. A location was chosen which was 248km from Sydney and 483km from Melbourne. The first survey peg marking the beginning of the development of the city of Canberra was driven in on 20 February 1913.

Unlike each of the State Capitals, Canberra is situated inland, near the Brindabella Ranges. The ACT itself is bordered by the Goulburn-Cooma railway line in the east, Naas Creek in the south, the Cotter River in the west, and the Molonglo River in the north-east.

Canberra (which had been founded in 1908) became the national capital of Australia in 1927. Melbourne, though commonly referred to as Australia's first capital city, was never its official capital, but merely Australia's temporary seat of government.

Canberra was purpose designed by American architect Walter Burley Griffin.

Australia's federal capital also has a separate unconnected naval port, Jervis Bay, which is part of the ACT, on the coast just north of the New South Wales/Victoria border.

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New Zealand
Australia
Oceans and Seas

Is Tasmanian sea between New Zealand and Australia?

Not quite. The name of the sea that lies between New Zealand and Australia is the Tasman Sea, named for Dutch explorer Abel Tasman.

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Australia
Australia Literature and Language

What do Australians call a sheepherder?

Someone who musters (rounds up) the sheep is usually not distinguished from those who round up cattle. They are generally called jackaroos or, if driving the animals over long distances, they are known as drovers.

Someone who owns a large station with thousands of head of sheep is simply a sheep station owner.

This is not strictly true. In the old days people were actually employed to camp out with the sheep to guard them from dingoes and theft. They were called shepherds. As dingoes were more controlled and the Aboriginals (who resented the intrusion of the sheep) were decimated, this practice ceased and the word fell out of use.

The description of a drover is correct but a jackaroo (or if a woman a jillaroo) is actually someone who is learning the ropes so that he or she can eventually become a manager. The people who do the day-to-day work on a large grazing property ( a station) are known as station hands, while workers on smaller properties are called farmhands.

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World War 2
Australia in WW2
Australia

What military roles did Australian women have in World War 2?

Women worked in the aircraft and ship building industries doing mechanical and maintenance work. 40 per cent of the work force in munition factories were made up by women. Some women went to work on the battlefields as nurses. Women took part in the auxilliary Services which were basically organizations during war time that took over male jobs. Some examples of the organizations are the Womens Land ARmy, Womens Royal Australian NAval Service and the WOmen's Australian Air Force.

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Australia
Halfway Points

Where is halfway between Australia and Dubai?

The halfway points are the points which mark the half distance covered by the flight. These lie in the mid of both the above mentioned places. These points change for different locations. Halfway points for the above mentioned places are - Sri Lanka.

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Australia Natural Disasters
Wildfires
Australia

How did the Australia fires start?

According to Diana Bernstein, climate scientist and Assistant Research Professor in the Division of Marine Science at the University of Southern Mississippi: β€œApart from human activities, Australia’s hot and dry summers are to blame for the start and the spread of the wildfires."

Although the region knows to expect a fire season, these most recent fires have been worse than most. This is because Australia is currently experiencing its worst drought in decades as well as a heatwave that broke the record for the highest nationwide average temperature in December. These elements combined have caused the fires to spread more rapidly than usual. Many experts also reference climate change as a contributing factor, as the increasingly extreme weather conditions are taking their toll on an already at-risk area.

There is also the human elementβ€”there have already been 24 people charged with deliberately starting bushfires this season.

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Australian Cricket
Australia
Indian Premier League IPL

What is Adam Gilchrist's jersey number?

The jersey number of Adam Gilchrist is 99, becasue he believed this number is his lucky number.

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Australia

Can you bring nuts to Australia?

Foodstuffs cannot be brought into Australia unless they are heavily processed, such as jars of spreads. These items must all be declared. Some nuts are permitted. Check the related link below for more information.

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Australia
Currency Conversions

Where can you buy Australian money for your trip?

You can usually call a major commercial bank and ask them to get what currency you need. Alternately you can try currency exchanges such as American Express or Deak. However, these firms will not give you a very good exchange rate and usually charge a hefty commission too.

Depending on the kind of ATM card you have you may do better just getting a small amount of Australian dollars before you leave, and take the rest out of an ATM when you arrive. Again, you have to do your homework first: check with the bank that issues the card and make sure that it will work in Australia. Most cards are linked into most networks, but there can be issues with different PIN code formats (some use 6 digits while most U.S. networks use 4, and may allow letters as well as numbers). Also take a backup card from a different bank in case you run into problems with the main card. You'll also need to know what the bank's terms are for using the card. Some banks charge a flat withdrawal fee, some charge a percentage of the amount taken out, and some charge both. If there's a flat fee, take out fewer but larger amounts. If there's both, you'll need to do some arithmetic.

In any case you MUST notify the issuing banks before you leave to tell them when and where you will be. Otherwise their anti-fraud policies will kick in and you may find that your card has been suspended. Some banks consider even a single transaction in a foreign country to be cause for suspension, unless notified in advance.

A major bank in the n.e. U.S. recently established an account that allows fee-free withdrawals anywhere, but you need to keep a fairly high balance on deposit to get the freebies.

Whatever you do, do NOT use a credit card to make cash withdrawals. These are charged as loans, not withdrawals, and can incur steep interest charges.

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History of Australia
Australia

Why did the Europeans come to Australia?

There were a number of reasons. The Dutch explored enroute to where they traded goods in the West Indies, and came across the continent by accident. The British explored with the aim of increasing the size of their Empire. The British then sent convicts to the Australian continent because their prisons were extremely overcrowded, and the US colonies were no longer accepting British prisoners. Once initial settlement occurred, people of other cultural groups moved to Australia for a better life, or to escape religious persecution, or to make their fortune in the goldrushes.

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History of Australia
Australia
Australian Colonial Settlement

Did Captain Arthur Phillip have a brother?

Possibly. Captain Arthur Phillip had a sister, Rebecca, born in 1737, and it is said that he was the "second son", though no information appears to be available on the first son.

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History of Australia
Australia

What does toil mean in the Australian National anthem?

"Toil" means "work", which a connotation that the work is physically tiring.

"With wealth for toil" suggests that work is well-paid or well-rewarded, suggesting that opportunities are available.

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New Zealand
Australia

How do you describe Australia and New Zealand?

two separate south pacific (oceanic) countries

Australasia.

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Asia
Australia
Oceania

Is Australia part of Asia?

No, it is a separate continent, but it has maritime borders with Asia. Australia is a continent which is also the smallest continent and Asia is the largest continent.

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Australia
Western Australia

How many times does South Korea fit into Australia?

Land area of South Korea: 100,032 sq km.

Land area of Australia: 7,686,850 sq km.

7,686,850/100,032 = 76.8

So, South Korea will fit into Australia about 77 times.

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Consumer Electronics
New Zealand
Australia

Is an Australian plug the same as a New Zealand one?

Yes both have the three flat pins, in the shape of an arrow.

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