Astronauts

This category is for questions related to the personal requirements of Astronautical missions. The training, living accommodations, and working conditions both on the Earth and in space are discussed here. For further information on a particular astronaut, please see the name in question.

Asked in Urinary System, Astronauts

What happens if you drink urine?

User Avatar
In the short term it can be useful if you are very short of water. In the long term it just puts back the poisons which have been carfeully extracted from your body. Some scientists believe that drinking your urine can make you much healthier than you are... So,drinking your urine can may improve your health and and perhaps help to fight many diseases too...Just remember there is no documented evidence to support any therapeutic benefits from drinking urine at this point. It is almost all water with a few minerals etc that are readily available elsewhere & has no magic ingredient(s). It is sterile though, so if you must drink it to stay alive-you could. Remember that urine is one of the processes by which the body gets rid of waste products. In the particular case, urea from the metabolism of protein, excess salts, and other waste products. In the Far East, drinking of urine is a not a rare practice, but in western eyes it has little to recommend it. Aron Ralston, (127 Hours Beteen a Rock and a Hard Place) whilst canyoning in Utah in 2003, had his arm jammed by a falling rock, and several days later had to self-amputate his lower arm. Out only for a day trip, his water had long gone, and tried to drink his urine. Even in his extremis, he does not recommend the practice. As to what happens, you'll only concentrate the salts and urea you should be trying to get rid of. If your water intake is adequate, you'll do OK, but otherwise, it will not improve your circumstance. You can drink pee provided that you supplement it with water and food. There have been some people that drank urine as a health supplement: Mahatma Gandhi for one. There are some arguments for it being beneficial. However you cannot drink just urine continuously without fatal effects. This is an option with shipwrecked sailors. In 'Mutiny on the Bounty' the death of four sailors is recorded from their choosing this option. Many times seafaring peoples have been lost at sea, afloat without benefit of fresh water (potable fresh water) for the purpose of drinking, only to find that the consumption of saltwater acts as a diuretic, causing one's body to pass more liquid than it takes in. The overload of salt also acts on the brain physiologically to cause irrational thought patterns to surface.
Asked in History of Ireland, Astronauts

Who was Michael Collins?

User Avatar
Michael Collins Micheal Collins (1890-1922) was one of the most influencial figures in the Irish rebellion against England, leading to the separation of the Irish Free State. After the Easter Rising, Collins, officially acting as Minister of Finance under the newly erected Sinn Fein government, organized groups of volunteer guerillas to carry out assassinations, ambushes, and other important strikes against the British occupational forces. Between the success of Collins' ventures and the public campaigning of DeValera and his deputies, Great Britain agreed to a hold negotiations, resulting in the separation between the Irish Free State and the Ulster Provisional Government. Collins, having been on the negotiation team, drew a large amount of criticism for the treaty. He was elected Chairman of the Provisional Government, and commanded the northern forces during the subsequent civil war, battling former comrades fighting with the Republican army. Collins was travelling on a peace mission through his own hometown in West Cork, when his convoy was ambushed at Beal na mBlath, near Bandon, on August 22. 1922. He was killed by a single shot through the head. Miceal is the Gaelic version of Michael and the Micheal version is just a twist on it, ie he is the Irish rebellion leader Michael Collins (English ) miceal Ocolleain (Gaelic version) Michael Collins was the most important Irish military leader during the War of Idependence. Born in Co.Cork in 1890, he went to London at the age of 15 to work in the British Post Office. He soon became a member of the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) and the Irish Volunteers and returned to Ireland for the 1916 Rising. Collins did not make his mark on events until after his release from prison at the end of 1916. He then set about re-organising the Volunteer movement whch now became known as the Irish Republican Army (IRA). During the War of Independence, Collins directed IRA activities. He master-minded his own spy network which successfully countered the British spying system. The British government offered �10,000 for the capture of Collins. To them,he was the most wanted man in Ireland. In 1921, Collins was part of the Irish delegation that went to London to arrange a treaty with the British government which contained many points one of which being that Britain would keep six counties in the north of Ireland. Collins signed the treaty. When he returned many were angry that Ireland was to be divided. The Irish people split in two, half defending Collins decision and the other half saw the treaty as a 'sell-out' to the British. This sparked the Irish Civil War. In 1922, Collins was shot dead in an ambush in Co.Cork. His death, at the age of 32 was a tragic loss to the new state.
Asked by Rollin Wiegand in Astronauts, NASA, Space Travel and Exploration

How can I become an astronaut?

User Avatar
The good news is, NASA is hiring! They want to get back to the moon by 2024, and they’ll need new astronauts to do it. The bad news is there are a limited number of jobs, and the qualifications are pretty intense. In addition to a bachelor’s degree, you also must have a master’s degree or two years of PhD work in specific STEM areas. You also qualify if you’re a medical doctor or if you’ve begun or completed a test pilot program. From there, you also need to fit into one of the areas of specialization (two years of biological and medical science, physical science, or engineering and operations work experience, or fit their pilot qualifications). And of course, you’ll have to be okay with the “extensive travel” required.
Asked in Apollo 11, Apollo 13, Astronauts

Did Fred Haise get his job for Apollo 13 because he know Jim Lovell?

User Avatar
Every astronaut knew all the other astronauts. The astronauts worked together on many projects, often travelling together. So yes, Lovell knew Haise, but he also knew every other astronaut. The Mercury astronauts received their flight assignments from Robert Gilruth, the head of NASA's manned flight program in the early 60's. It was Gilruth who decided that Alan Shepard be the first American in space and that John Glenn be the first American to orbit the earth. Astronaut Deke Slayton was chosen to fly the 4th Mercury mission (the mission after Glenn), but was grounded in September 1962 before he was able to fly, and his place was taken by Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7. Slayton was the only member of the Mercury Seven who did not fly in the Mercury program. Slayton eventually cleared up his irregular heart beat enough to be assigned to the last Apollo mission. His ASTP flight was the first joint mission between the United States and the Soviet Union. After Slayton was grounded by NASA, he was also grounded by the Air Force. With a new group of astronauts coming into NASA, the administrators felt that they needed someone in charge of the Astronaut Office. His fellow Mercury astronauts insisted that Slayton be given the job and NASA agreed. As the "chief astronaut" Slayton not only selected which pilots became astronauts, he also made crew assignments for space flights. His selections were sent to his superiors in Washington DC for approval. The only time his selection was overruled was when he assigned Joe Engle as the Apollo 17 Lunar Module Pilot (LMP). Since it would be the last lunar landing flight, scientists insisted that geologist, Harrison Schmitt, be assigned as LMP. NASA brass agreed and Schmitt replaced Engle as LMP. Slayton made all the crew assignments based on availability and need. The first person usually assigned to a flight crew was the commander. While the commander did not chose who flew with him, he did have veto power over Slayton's choices. A commander could ask for a particular astronaut to be assigned to his crew, but there were no guarantees he would get his first choice. One such incident involved Pete Conrad, the Commander of Apollo 12. Slayton assigned Richard Gordon and Clifton C. Williams to Conrad's crew. Conrad initially asked Slayton for Alan Bean instead of Williams. Bean was a student of Conrad's when Conrad was flight instructor at the Naval Flight Test Facility in Patuxent River, Maryland. The 2 men had been best friends for over 10 years, but Slayton stuck with Williams. Conrad finally got his way when Williams was killed in a plane crash on October 5, 1967. For the most part, the logic behind the crew selection process was kept secret. The only leaks we have are those provided by the crewmembers themselves. It's completely possible that Lovell could have asked for Haise, but if he did, he didn't reveal it in his book. The more likely reason Haise was selected was because he was the best available LMP.
Asked in Space Travel and Exploration, Astronauts

What is something important Roberta Bondar did?

User Avatar
Roberta Bondar is probably most known as Canada's first female astronaut and the first neurologist in space. Following more than a decade as NASA's head of space medicine, she became a consultant and speaker in the business, scientific and medical communities.
Asked in Astronauts

What do astronauts eat on a spaceship?

User Avatar
They eat dehydrated/freeze-dried food, which is food with all of the water removed from it.
Asked in Astronauts

Is there any astronaut dead body in space?

User Avatar
Yes, all of them. They just all happen to be buried on the third rock orbiting the sun.AKA the earth
Asked in Astronauts

Has anyone ever died after returning from space?

User Avatar
A number of astronauts have died after returning from space. However, I believe you're asking if they have died AS A RESULT OF being IN space--and the answer to that (with the possible exception of the Columbia tragedy) is no.
Asked in Astronauts

Who was the First Australian astronaut to go into space?

User Avatar
That would be Paul Scully Power, who flew on the STS-41 mission in 1984.
Asked in Apollo Moon Missions, Neil Armstrong, The Moon, Astronauts

Where can you get pictures of astronauts walking on the moon?

User Avatar
Click on the links to your right for some great shots from the first moon landing by Apollo 11. You can also go to this NASA website and select any of the Apollo flights 11 and up and find images there. The ApolloArchive.com website has a lot of pictures, movies and other media files from all Apollo missions, even the pre-flight missions, and unmanned missions. Go can also go to Google, search for "moon" and then click images. See the related link ' Image Collection - Moon' to the left for photographs from the last Apollo mission.
Asked in Astronauts

Why are astronauts in orbit weightless?

User Avatar
As there is no gravity in space, everything will float. .......... Because They're in free fall ... .....
Asked in Astronauts

What do astronauts need to stay alive in space?

User Avatar
A working spacesuit. enough oxegen. food and fluids.
Asked in Astronauts

Why a space suit must for the astronaut?

User Avatar
Spacesuits provide oxygen and temperature regulation. Contrary to popular belief, you will not explode in the vacuum of the space. Vacuum is simply a lack of anything. This reduced pressure causes the skin to swell to accommodate the lowered pressure surroundings (on the earth, the density of air presses on the skin). The skin is exceptionally elastic and stretches to well above twice its normal size in such a situation. This situation occurred to a NASA astronaut who had a failure in his glove, causing his hand to become exposed to the vacuum of space. He did not realize it had happened until he went back inside the Shuttle Orbiter, by which time his hand had swollen twice its normal size. His had recovered completely by the time he had returned to earth. Also, several cosmonauts died during re-entry during a pressurization failure above 150 kilometers altitude, and their bodies were not disfigured. Indeed, the recovery crews thought they were asleep on first sight. If exposed to the vacuum of space, the boiling point of an exposed fluid (such as blood, or saliva) drops drastically. This would cause problems for an unsuited astronaut. Again, this actually happened during testing. A subject was accidentally exposed to a vacuum in a test chamber. The last thing the subject remembered was blacking out, with the feeling of the saliva on his tongue boiling. He quickly made a full recovery.
Asked in Astronauts, NASA, International Space Agencies

Do astronauts wear always wear the space suits?

User Avatar
No,they might take off their space suits in the rocket, if you watch apolio 13 then you'll understand
Asked in International Space Station, Astronauts

How do astronauts get water on the space station?

User Avatar
They take the water with them. they will have to reuse it a well.
Asked in History of Ireland, Astronauts

How successfully did Michael Collins promote his cause?

User Avatar
he was very successfull in promoting his cause he used guirella hit and run tactic these men doing so where know as the "flying columns" he also used another group called "the Squad" these were to elimanate anyone going to treat the upcoming war.and the people of the day loved him because if he was in your area and needed a place to stay he would be boraded in their house as to show their apprecation to him!! he didnt start the flying columns. But he was very succesfull in promoting his cause through his work as an intelligence officer. For the first time we won the intelligence war and that proved key
Asked in Astronauts, Space Travel and Exploration

How many people have gone into space to date and what are their names?

User Avatar
As of June 15, 2010, a total of 518 humans from 38 countries have gone into space according to the FAI guideline, (524 people have qualified when including the Department of Defense classification). Of those totals, 3 people completed only a sub-orbital flight, 515 people reached Earth orbit, 24 traveled beyond low Earth orbit and 12 walked on the Moon. Names in italic are space travelers who have left Low Earth orbit. A * before a name indicates that the person died during spaceflight. Joseph M. Acaba Loren Acton James Adamson Viktor M. Afanasyev Thomas Akers Toyohiro Akiyama, the first business-sponsored space traveler and the first Japanese in space. Vladimir Aksyonov Sultan Salman Al Saud, first Saudi Arabian in space, only royal person in space, first middle eastern person in space. Edwin Buzz Aldrin (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the second person to walk on the Moon. Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov Andrew M. Allen Joseph P. Allen Scott Altman William Anders, first Asian-born person in space. (Anders was born in Hong Kong, but was an American citizen.) Clayton Anderson *Michael P. Anderson, (1959-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Anousheh Ansari (born 1966), fourth spaceflight participant and first female spaceflight participant, first female Muslim in space, and first Iranian in space. Dominic A. Antonelli Jerome Apt Lee Archambault Neil Armstrong (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the first person to walk on the Moon. Richard R. Arnold Anatoly Artsebarsky Yuri Artyukhin (1930-1998) Jeffrey Ashby Oleg Atkov Toktar Aubakirov, first Kazakh born person in space. Sergei Avdeyev James Bagian Ellen Baker Michael Baker Aleksandr Balandin Michael Barratt Daniel Barry John-David F. Bartoe Yuri Baturin, first Russian politician in space. Patrick Baudry, first African-born man and second Frenchman in space Alan Bean, flew on Apollo 12 and was the fourth person to walk on the Moon. Robert L. Behnken Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space. Pavel Belyayev (1925-1970) Georgi Beregovoi (1921-1995), earliest-born person to go into space. Anatoli Berezovoy Brian Binnie, second commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only. John Blaha Michael J. Bloomfield Guion Bluford, first African-American in space. Karol Bobko, first graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut. Eric A. Boe Charles Bolden Roberta Bondar, first Canadian woman in space. Frank Borman, commander of Apollo 8, the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon. Stephen G. Bowen Kenneth Bowersox Charles Brady (1951-2006) Vance Brand Daniel Brandenstein Randolph Bresnik Roy Bridges. Became Director of the Kennedy Space Center in March 1997 Curtis Brown *David M. Brown (1956-2003) Mark Brown James Buchli Jay Buckey Nikolai Budarin Daniel Burbank Daniel Bursch Valery Bykovsky (born 1934) Robert Cabana Tracy Caldwell Charles Camarda Kenneth Cameron Duane Carey Scott Carpenter, a Project Mercury astronaut. Gerald Carr Sonny Carter, (1947-1991) John Casper Christopher J. Cassidy, 500th astronaut in space. Robert Cenker Gene Cernan, flew on Apollo 17 Gregory Chamitoff Franklin Chang-Diaz, the only Costa Rican, first Hispanic-American in space, holder of the shared record of seven space flights. *Kalpana Chawla (1961-2003), first Indian-American woman in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Maurizio Cheli Leroy Chiao Kevin Chilton Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space *Laurel B. Clark (1961-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Mary Cleave Jean-François Clervoy Michael Clifford Michael Coats Kenneth Cockrell Catherine Coleman (born 1960) Eileen Collins Michael Collins (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 crew. Was the first Italian-born person in space. (Collins was born in Rome to American parents.) Pete Conrad, Apollo 12, (1930-1999), the third person to walk on the Moon and the commander of the first Skylab mission. Gordon Cooper (1927-2004), the first American to fly in space for a day. Richard Covey Timothy Creamer John Creighton Robert Crippen, Space Shuttle pioneer Roger Crouch Frank Culbertson Walter Cunningham, flew on Apollo 7. Robert Curbeam Nancy Currie Nancy Jan Davis Lawrence J. DeLucas Frank De Winne Vladimir N. Dezhurov *Georgi Dobrovolski (1928-1971) Takao Doi, first Japanese to walk in space. B. Alvin Drew Brian Duffy Charles Duke, flew on Apollo 16. Bonnie J. Dunbar Pedro Duque, first Spaniard in space. Samuel T. Durrance James Dutton Lev Dyomin (1926-1998) Vladimir Dzhanibekov, first Uzbekistan-born man in space Joe Edwards Donn F. Eisele (1930-1987), flew on Apollo 7. Anthony W. England Joseph H. Engle Ronald Evans (1933-1990) Reinhold Ewald Léopold Eyharts John Fabian Muhammed Faris, first Syrian in space. Bertalan Farkas, first Hungarian in space. Jean-Jacques Favier Fèi Jùnlóng, flew on Shenzhou 6 Konstantin Feoktistov (1926-2009) Christopher Ferguson Martin J. Fettman Andrew J. Feustel Anatoli Filipchenko Michael Fincke Anna Fisher William Frederick Fisher Klaus-Dietrich Flade Michael Foale, holds the American and British Record for time spent in space at 374 days, 11 hours, 19 minutes. Kevin A. Ford Michael Foreman Patrick Forrester Michael Fossum Stephen Frick Dirk Frimout, first Belgian in space. Christer Fuglesang, first Swede in space. Charles Fullerton Reinhard Furrer (1940-1995) Francis Gaffney Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968), first person in space. Ronald Garan Dale Gardner Guy Gardner Jake Garn, a United States Senator and first politician in space. Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space. Owen Garriott Richard Garriott, first second generation American in space, son of skylab astronaut, Owen Garriott. Charles Gemar Michael Gernhardt Edward Gibson Robert L. Gibson Yuri Gidzenko Yuri Glazkov (1939-2008) John Glenn (born 1921), first American to orbit the Earth, and later, the oldest person to make a spaceflight. Linda Godwin Michael T. Good Viktor Gorbatko Richard Gordon, flew on Apollo 12. Dominic Gorie Ronald Grabe Georgi Grechko Frederick Gregory William Gregory Stanley Griggs (1939-1989) Virgil Grissom (1926-1967), first NASA astronaut to go into space twice and the first person to go into space twice in a capsule-type spacecraft. Would have been the first person to fly three times. Died in the Apollo 1 disaster. John Grunsfeld Aleksei Gubarev Umberto Guidoni Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa, first Mongolian in space. Sidney Gutierrez Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space. Claudie Haigneré, first Frenchwoman in space. Jean-Pierre Haigneré Fred Haise, flew on Apollo 13. James Halsell Kenneth Ham Lloyd Hammond Gregory Harbaugh Bernard Harris, first African-American to walk in space. Terry Hart Henry Hartsfield Frederick Hauck Steven Hawley Susan Helms Karl Henize (1926-1993) Thomas Hennen Terence Henricks Miroslaw Hermaszewski, first Pole in space. Jose Hernández John Herrington, first Native American in space. Richard Hieb Joan Higginbotham David Hilmers Kathryn Hire Charles Hobaugh Jeffrey Hoffman Scott Horowitz Akihiko Hoshide Millie Hughes-Fulford, first female Payload Specialist. Douglas G. Hurley *Rick D. Husband (1957-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. James Irwin (1930-1991), flew on Apollo 15. Aleksandr Ivanchenkov Georgi Ivanov, first Bulgarian in space. Marsha Ivins Sigmund Jähn, first German in space Mae Jemison, first African-American woman in space Tamara E. Jernigan Brent W. Jett, Jr. Jing Haipeng Gregory C. Johnson Gregory H. Johnson Thomas D. Jones Leonid Kadenyuk, first Ukrainian in space since independence. Alexander Kaleri, first Russian in space since independence. Janet Kavandi James Kelly Mark E. Kelly Scott Kelly Joseph Kerwin Yevgeny Khrunov (1933-2000) Robert S. Kimbrough Leonid Kizim (1941-2010) Pyotr Klimuk, first Belarusian in space. *Vladimir Komarov (1927-1967), killed during a USSR space flight. Yelena V. Kondakova Oleg Kononenko, first Turkmenistan-born man in space Timothy L. Kopra Mikhail Korniyenko Valery Korzun Oleg Kotov Vladimir Kovalyonok Konstantin Kozeyev Kevin Kregel / Sergei Krikalev, six space flights and, as of 2008, holds record for longest total time in space: 803 days, 9 hours and 39 minutes. Valeri Kubasov André Kuipers Aleksandr Laveykin Guy Laliberté Wendy Lawrence Vasili Lazarev (1928-1990) Aleksandr Lazutkin Valentin Lebedev Mark C. Lee David Leestma William B. Lenoir Aleksei Leonov, first person to "walk in space" (to make an EVA). Frederick W. Leslie Anatoli Levchenko (1941-1988) Byron Lichtenberg, first NASA Payload Specialist. Don Lind Steven Lindsey Jerry Linenger Richard Linnehan Gregory Linteris Liu Boming Paul Lockhart Yuri Lonchakov / Michael Lopez-Alegria John Lounge Jack Lousma Stanley G. Love Jim Lovell, flew on Apollo 8, the first spaceship to orbit the Moon, and on Apollo 13. G. David Low (1956-2008) Edward Lu Shannon Lucid, first Asian-born woman in space. As of 2006, holder of the woman's spaceflight-duration record. Vladimir Lyakhov Steven MacLean Sandra Magnus Oleg Makarov (1933-2003) Yuri Malenchenko Franco Malerba, first Italian in space. (Michael Collins was born in Rome, Italy in 1930, he has always been an American citizen, born of American parents.) Yuri Malyshev (1941-1999) Gennadi Manakov Musa Manarov, first Azerbaidjan-born man in space Thomas H. Marshburn Michael Massimino Richard Mastracchio Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly II (born 1936), flew on Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C. K. Megan McArthur William S. McArthur Jon McBride Bruce McCandless II *William C. McCool (1961-2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Michael McCulley James McDivitt, flew on Apollo 9. Donald McMonagle *Ronald McNair (1950-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. Carl Meade Bruce Melnick Pamela Melroy Leland D. Melvin Mike Melvill, first commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only. Ulf Merbold Ernst Messerschmid Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger Edgar Mitchell, flew on Apollo 14. Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space. Mamoru Mohri Barbara Morgan Lee Morin Boris Morukov Chiaki Mukai, first Japanese woman in space. Richard Mullane Talgat Musabayev Story Musgrave Steven R. Nagel Bill Nelson, second politician in space. George Nelson Rodolfo Neri Vela, first Mexican in space. Paolo A. Nespoli James H. Newman Claude Nicollier, first Swiss in space. Niè Hǎishèng, flew on Shenzhou 6 Andriyan Nikolayev (1929-2004) Soichi Noguchi Carlos I. Noriega, first Peruvian-born person in space. Lisa Nowak Karen Nyberg Bryan O'Connor Ellen Ochoa, first Hispanic woman in space. Wubbo Ockels, first Dutch citizen in space. William Oefelein John D. Olivas Gregory Olsen, third spaceflight participant. *Ellison Onizuka (1946-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. Yuri Onufrienko Stephen Oswald Robert Overmyer (1936-1996) Gennady Padalka William Pailes Scott Parazynski Ronald A. Parise (1951-2008) Robert Parker Nicholas Patrick *Viktor Patsayev (1933-1971) James Pawelczyk Julie Payette Gary Payton, first military astronaut. Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space Donald Peterson Donald Pettit Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space. John Phillips William Pogue Alan G. Poindexter Mark Polansky Alexander Poleshchuk Valeri Polyakov, holds record for single longest spaceflight, 437 days. Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian in space. Leonid Popov Pavel Popovich (1930-2009), first Ukrainian-born person in space. Charles Precourt Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space. *Ilan Ramon (1954-2003), first Israeli in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. William Readdy Kenneth Reightler James F. Reilly Garrett Reisman Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS. Vladimír Remek, first Czech and first non-Soviet European in space. *Judith Resnik (1949-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. Paul W. Richards Richard N. Richards Sally Ride, first American woman in space. Stephen Robinson Roman Romanenko Yuri Romanenko Kent Rominger Stuart Roosa (1933-1994), flew on Apollo 14. Jerry L. Ross, flew on seven space flights. Valeri Rozhdestvensky Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932-2002) Mario Runco, Jr. Valery Ryumin Albert Sacco Gennadi Sarafanov (1942-2005) Robert Satcher Viktor Savinykh Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space. Wally Schirra (1923-2007) Hans Schlegel Harrison Schmitt, flew on Apollo 17. Rusty Schweickart *Dick Scobee (1939-1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster. David Scott Winston Scott Paul Scully-Power Richard Searfoss Rhea Seddon Ronald Sega Piers Sellers Aleksandr Serebrov Vitali Sevastyanov Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonaut Salizhan Sharipov [3], first Kyrgyzstan-born man in space Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space. Helen Sharman, first Briton in space. Vladimir Shatalov, first Kazakhstan-born man in space Brewster Shaw Alan Shepard (1923-1998), first American in space. William Shepherd Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, first Malaysian in space Georgi Shonin (1935-1997) Loren Shriver Mark Shuttleworth, second spaceflight participant and first South African in space. Charles Simonyi, fifth spaceflight participant. Aleksandr Skvortsov Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924-1996), a Mercury astronaut. Steven Smith Anatoly Solovyev, first Latvia-born man in space Vladimir Solovyov Sherwood Spring Robert Springer Thomas Patten Stafford Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper Robert Stewart Susan Still Nicole Stott Gennady Strekalov (1940-2004) Frederick Sturckow Kathryn Sullivan, first American woman to walk in space. Maksim Surayev Steven Swanson John "Jack" Swigert (1931-1982), flew on Apollo 13. Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, the first Cuban and the first person from a country in the Western Hemisphere other than the U.S. to travel to space. He was also the first Hispanophone and first person of African ancestry in space. Daniel Tani Joseph Tanner Valentina Tereshkova, first woman in space. Norman Thagard Gerhard Thiele Robert Thirsk Andrew Thomas Donald Thomas Kathryn Thornton, first woman to make multiple EVAs. William Thornton Pierre Thuot Dennis Tito, first self-funded spaceflight participant. Gherman Titov (1935-2000), the second person to make a space flght and the first to stay up for a day. Vladimir Titov Michel Tognini Valery Tokarev Sergei Treschev Eugene Trinh, first Vietnamese-American in space. Richard Truly Bjarni Tryggvason, first Iceland-born man in space Vasili Tsibliyev Mikhail Tyurin Yury Usachev Lodewijk van den Berg, first Dutch-born astronaut. James "Ox" van Hoften Vladimir Vasyutin (1952-2002) Charles Veach (1944-1995) Franz Viehböck, first Austrian in space. Alexander Viktorenko Terry Virts Pavel Vinogradov Roberto Vittori Igor Volk Sergey Volkov, first second generation astronaut or cosmonaut in space, son of Alexander Volkov. *Vladislav Volkov (1935-1971), killed on Soyuz 11. Alexander Volkov Boris Volynov, first Jewish person in space. James Voss Janice Voss Koichi Wakata Rex Walheim Charles Walker David M. Walker, (1944-2001) Joseph A. Walker (1921-1966), first person to enter space twice. Suborbital flights only. Shannon Walker - Soyuz TMA-19 Ulrich Walter Carl Walz Taylor Wang, first ethnic Chinese person in space. Mary Weber Paul Weitz James Wetherbee Edward White (1930-1967), first American to "walk in space" (make an EVA). Died in the Apollo 1 disaster. Douglas H. Wheelock Peggy Whitson Terrence Wilcutt Dafydd Williams Donald Williams Jeffrey Williams Sunita "Suni" Williams Barry Wilmore Stephanie Wilson Peter Wisoff David Wolf Alfred Worden Naoko Yamazaki Yáng Lìwěi, first Chinese national in space. Boris Yegorov (1937-1994) Aleksei Yeliseyev Yi So-yeon, first South Korean in space. John Young, flew on two Gemini, two Apollo (Apollo 10 and Apollo 16), and two Space Shuttle missions. Fyodor Yurchikhin, First Greek in space, first Georgia-born man in space Sergei Zalyotin George D. Zamka Zhai Zhigang, first Chinese to walk in space. Vitaliy Zholobov Vyacheslav Zudov
Asked in Picture and Image Searches, Astronauts

Where can you get pictures of the astronauts?

User Avatar
Here an is great website that contains images of astronauts, as well as images that astronauts took: http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/sseop/clickmap/. Here are more opinions and friendus from other FAQ Farmers: * Go to Yahoo, Google or Kids Click.com and go to images and write astronauts.
Asked in History of Ireland, Athletes, Astronauts

Why is it difficult to find out the truth about Michael Collins using the Michael Collins film?

User Avatar
Precisely because it is a movie. Its purpose is to tell an entertaining story that people will pay money to see. It also has to get a lot of complicated history into a couple of hours. Thus facts can be omitted, distorted, or made up in the interest of dramatic storytelling.Michael Montagne
Asked in Astronomy, Travel & Places, Astronauts

What dangers do astronauts encounter?

User Avatar
their spaceship could explode while takeoff
Asked in Astronauts, Space Food

How do astronauts produce food while in space?

User Avatar
the food is freeze dried at extreme temperatures and then sealed into a special foil packet NASA or other space agencies then supply the missions with enough food to last the trip and extra if you get stranded. the food when you eat it tastes similar to those that you would eat on earth it is like a powder substance and the saliva in your mouth melts the powder turning it into the real deal. while there is no gravity in space it doesn't matter as you don't open your mouth when chewing