To assure no one added special equipment during a pit stop. There are regulations in Formula One racing
In a Formula 1 racing year there are usually 8 - 10 teams each with 2 drivers racing for every race. That makes around 16 - 20 drivers in each race The 2009 season has a total of 10 teams and 20 drivers competing in each race. This number may vary each season as teams may leave the F1 group or new teams may join the group.
Formula One racing is considered one of the most dangerous sports for drivers because of the high speeds and challenging courses. Many of the rules in Formula One racing are designed with driver safety in mind and constructors are always looking at new design features to enhance driver safety. Formula One racing rules require that a driver must be able to get out of the racecar quickly. The exit must be accomplished in less than five seconds with the removal of nothing more than the steering wheel. According to FIA rules the steering wheel must also be able to be re-installed within five seconds to allow for quick removal of a car from the track to insure the safety of other Formula One racing drivers. The cockpit area of a Formula One racing car is referred to as the survival cell. In Formula One racing, the survival cell is equipped with a rollover protection hoop as well as front and rear crash protection features. Recent changes have focused on making side walls taller and stronger to protect the driver's head from flying debris. Formula One racing cars are put through crash tests to determine their ability to safely protect the driver. Although fires are rare in Formula One racing today, fire safety precautions are still an important part of driver safety. The clothing worn by race drivers are made from fireproof materials designed to protect the driver in case of fire until it can be extinguished. Design of the clothing must also take into account the extreme conditions that Formula One racing drivers face during a race. During a race drivers must endure extremely high temperatures inside the care and must wear items that allow sweat to escape to avoid overheating. Specially designed fabric that meets both the fireproof and wear-ability factors is used for everything, including the thread and sponsor patches on the uniform as well as the underwear worn by the driver. The shoulders on overalls worn by Formula One racing drivers have to large safety handles. Because FIA rules require that a driver be removed quickly from his car while strapped into the seat they are held in place with only two standardized bolts that can be removed with a tool carried by every rescue team. The long and strong straps make it possible to remove both driver and seat together. Helmets play a key role in Formula One racing safety. It is important that helmets be as lightweight as possible since added weight increases the severity of whiplash during a crash. Today's Formula One racing helmets weigh just under three pounds. The helmet is comprised of layers made of carbon fiber, a plastic like that used in bulletproof vests, a softer plastic and a covering of flameproof material. Visors are composed of a polycarbonate. The leading causes of death in auto racing accidents are skull and neck fractures resulting from rapid deceleration during accidents. The Head and Neck Support system (HANS) was designed to reduce these whiplash effects. The system consists of a collar that is attached to the safety belt and strapped to the helmet to hold the helmet in place during an accident. HANS usage became mandatory in Formula One racing in 2003. Injuries and accidents are unavoidable. Formula One racing sets high standards for medical care at each Grand Prix. Trained medical and extraction teams are in place at each race, each circuit has a fully equipped medical center and local hospitals are on standby during races. * http://www.carsaddiction.info/formula-one/security-first-drivers-safety-in-f-1.htmlSeat belts. Air bags. Sexy person ;)
The highest class of single seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules with which all participants' cars must comply. The F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix (translated to English as "Big Prizes"), held on purpose-built circuits and public roads. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual World Championships, one for the drivers and one for the constructors, with racing drivers, constructor teams, track officials, organizers, and circuits required to be holders of valid Super Licences, the highest class of racing licence issued by the FIA. There is a magazine called F1 Racing, where you will find articles about it all.
Usually there are as many pit crews in Formula One as the number of teams in the years racing calendar. Last year 2010 we had 12 teams and hence 12 pit crews. Each pit crew has more than 20 odd members and they all cater to the pit stop requirements of the 2 drivers of each team. This year 2011 too it would be the same.
Each Car Manufacturer has modified and make their own racing cars. And as you can see it has now evolved to the extreme. The Formula One series has its roots in the European Grand Prix motor racing, (q.v. for pre-1947 history) of the 1920s and 1930s. The ''formula'' is a set of rules which all participants and cars must meet. Formula One was a new formula agreed after World War II in 1946, with the first non-championship races being held that year. A number of Grand Prix racing organisations had laid out rules for a World Championship before the war, but due to the suspension of racing during the conflict, the World Drivers' Championship was not formalised until 1947. The first world championship race was held at Silverstone, United Kingdom in 1950 The Inaugural Grand Prix of F1 was in 1950 Guiseppe Farina won the 1950 GP in his Alfa Romeo
There are a total of 11 teams in the 2013 formula one season. Each team can field 2 race cars per race which means 2 drivers per race. So, a bare minimum of 22 drivers will drive in the 2013 formula one season. If any driver is injured or replaced mid-season then, the number might be even more. As of now the list of 2 drivers per team is published and can be found in Wikipedia or on the internet.
It varies on where you race. IMCA allows drivers to be as young as 15 with a signed release from your parents. There are tracks that allow drivers who are much younger. Each racing association has their own set of rules. Independent tracks often allow for younger drivers then the large racing associations. Find race track websites to see what the rules are or go to some tracks near you and they will be happy to let you know what the rules are for that track. I have seen tracks in southern states that allow drivers as young as 13 to race 4 cylinder cars.
A1 Grand Prix, abbreviated to A1GP, is a new (started in 2006) open-wheel auto racing series. It is unique in its field in that competitors represent their nation as opposed to a constructor, which is traditional in most formula racing series including Formula One. Each of the A1 Grand Prix teams represent a nation. Drivers must have the same nationality as the team they drive for. The team car should also represent the country. The team owner, principal and crew, however, do not need to have the same nationality as the team. Twenty-seven nations have, at least, started one race in World Cup of Motorsport.
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