For questions on the theory, method, and practice of studying past cultures and peoples.
For questions on the theory, method, and practice of studying past cultures and peoples.
There is a bit of a controversy over which city is the oldest. Some of the debate centers around the criteria used in judging which is the oldest, such as whether or not it has been continuously inhabited over the centuries. The five cities that claim to be the oldest are Damascus, Jericho, Balkh, Aleppo, and Byblos. uruk
The atoms of most things on earth have been present since before the solar nebula coalesced into the planets. While some atoms have been created by radioactive decay of other elements, and many molecules have been formed by combination (and recombination) of atoms, most atoms originated in the nebula. The main exception consists of the small amount of material which has arrived on earth later - through meteorites. Going even further back, the quarks which…
Around 60,000 years is the maximum date for which radiocarbon dating can be done; blanks (samples which contain no carbon-14) generally test at around this date due to contamination during the sampling/testing process.
You might become an archaeologist because you are interested in studying the past or because you love dinosaurs. You might also become an archaeologist to travel the world, to study civilizations, or to become famous.
Generally not. Radiocarbon dating generally cannot date materials older than about 50,000 years, and most rocks are millions to hundreds of millions of years old. Additionally, most rocks do not have asignificant carbon content. One exception comes in partly burned vegetation buried in volcanic rock, which can be fairly young.
Obviously, if you accept archaeological evidence that demonstrates that the human settlement on this planet is over 7,000 years, then Adam and Eve cannot be the progenitors of the world's population. Accepting current scientific consensus holds that the first modern humans came into existence between 100,000-250,000 years ago. This was long before writing, so we have no clue what these first humans were named.
The Rosetta Stone The name of the stone is the Rosetta Stone. It was found in 1799 by a few of Napoleon's soldiers while they were knocking down an old wall in order to build a new fort. The Rosetta Stone is the reason why we can now read and understand hieroglyphics.
A step pyramid is built using flat platforms receding from the ground to achieve the same shape as a regular pyramid. In some cultures, the steps were meant to signify the steps it took to reach the gods. They were sometimes referred to as "Hills of Heaven."
The Maya people inhabited Mexico and Northern Central America and were known for making ceremonial architecture. It is believed that they started to build pyramid like architecture almost 3000 years ago.
This is your opportunity to sell yourself to the interviewer. Make sure that before the interview you have checked out what is required in the job. Before the interview think through the skills and achievements you have that match the skills required in the job. When you are asked this question you can then sell, sell, sell yourself for the job. In the links below I have put a guide to interview success that tells…
Professionalism is important for a number of good reasons. The primary reason is that for anyone to be taken seriously it is necessary to hold a professional demeanor. As someone in business, if you want to have return customers and a positive word of mouth marketing then some degree of professionalism will be required.
The half-life of carbon is known in living organisms- the amount of carbon-14 remains constant, after death. no new carbon-14 enters the organism, scientists measure the proportion of carbon-14 in the organism and calculate how it differs from the amount that would have been there if the organism would be alive, from this differenct, they determine the age.
Mosaics are an art form used since ancient times as an alternative to painting. Many different types of mosaics can be found, stone, marble and common tiles being the most popular. Nowadays, mosaic tables are coming back in fashion but these kind of tables have been around for a long time with notable differences according to where they have been produced. For example, the mosaic tables in the North of Africa are called "Zellige" style…
There is no proof outside the Bible that Jesus of Nazareth ever existed. Some scholars suggest that the gospels could be based on a wandering preacher named Jesus (Joshua) who may have lived during the early part of the first century, or even earlier, but that this person did not perform miracles and was not the Jesus we see described in the gospels.
According to the Society for American Archaeology, archaeologists with advanced degrees and a few years of experience earn approximately $45,000 annually. Those with doctorate degrees with many years of experience typically earn between $80,000 to $100,000 annually.
Historians study the past by studying the previous recorded events of the past activities. They use both the scientific and traditional methods to gather such information which they then use to compile their documentary evidence.
Sah-cah-jah-wee-ah Sacajawea (or Sacagawea) was born c. 1788. She was a Shoshone woman whom Toussaint Charbonneau, a French Canadian trapper, acquired from a Hidatsa warrior. Lewis and Clark would winter at the present site of Bismarck, North Dakota, where they met her. Sacagawea was 16 or 17 when she and her husband, Toussaint Charbonneau, joined the Lewis and Clark party in the winter of 1804-05. She became invaluable as a guide in the region of…
The Native Americans migrated to North America from Asia about 10,000 years ago over the land bridge that was once in the Bering Strait. Later, Vikings came to settle the land in the far North, and later the Europeans came to the area following the expedition of Christopher Columbus in 1492.
Jean-Baptiste Vivien de ChÃ¢teaubrun was a French playwright and dramatist. He was born in the year 1775 and dedicated his life to study Greek tragedies and also wrote and polished four plays based in them. They were 'Mahomet second', 'Les Troyennes', 'Philoctete' and 'Astyanax'. Tragically, his only surviving work is 'Les Troyennes', because his other plays were destroyed by his maid, who mistook them for wrapping paper.
Making clay pots began about 10,000 years ago probably in the Middle East. Early pots were made to be thrown away after one use, molded by an imprint of the fist. The first potters wheel is from 8000 to 1400 B.C. and allowed the potter to create even shapes.
Paul-Emile Botta was the French archaeologist who found the palace of an Assyrian king named Sargon II in what is now present day Iraq. King Sargon II ruled between 721 to 705 B.C. Paul-Emile Botta was born in 1802 and died in 1870.
Following a tradition started by British diplomats in North America, the U.S. Mint produced a particular set of medals for distribution to Native American tribes from 1801 to 1812. The "peace medals" served as tangible tokens of friendship and underscored President Jefferson's plans to embrace the Native American nations of the American West and include them, partially, in his Empire of Liberty. Engraved by Robert Scott, the medals were produced in three sizes, four, three…
There's the pyramids of Giza. There's the Temple at Karnak. The Temple of Isis at Philae. There are many more and contacting the Egyptian Tourism Authority is a good start. Bear in mind some sites may be closed for restoration or other reasons, such as security concerns.
The Fertile Crescent is a historic name for western Asia. The first known use of the term was by James Henry Breasted [August 27, 1865-December 2, 1935]. The noted University of Chicago archaeologist and historian used the term to describe the fertility and crescent shape of the area that he recognized as the birthplace of human civilization, particularly through the invention of writing and the wheel. That area nowadays is included within all or parts…
In 1801, an army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was deployed in an Egyptian campaign. In these times some soldiers rebuilding a fort discovered an unusual stone on which ancient scripts were engraved. It was the Rosetta Stone. This was when archeogoly became known in Egypt.
An archaeological site can be called many things. If it is in the process of being excavated it is either and excavation site or and archaeological site. It the site has already been excavated and has cultural significance it may become a National Heritage site.
Italy has tons. The inside of St. Peter's is all mosaic art and many museums have examples of mosaics from Italy. The art of making mosaics is dying out because the artists who do them today are very old and younger people are not taking up the art. There are about 5 men in Italy today who still produce the art.
Every artifact is different therefore there is no one material that is used to clean and preserve artifacts. Some artifacts can just be cleaned with water, other require a more intricate process such as steam baths or chemical compounds created specifically for the artifact found.
The likely origin of the first visitors to North America is Central Siberia, located in northwestern Asia. Evidence supporting the theory include genetic comparisons between early native Americans and early Siberians, and etymological evidence, comparing the early languages of the Inuit and Indians with that of Asian languages.
Short Answer: Radiocarbon dating can only be used to date an object that had a known quantity of carbon 14 at one time and still retains enough carbon 14 to measure. Carbon 14 dating can only be used on objects which were once living things (plant or animal) because nothing else has a known starting composition of carbon 14 and is less than 50,000 or so years old. In older objects the carbon 14 has…
An archeologist's area of study is the material remains of past humans whereas a geologist's area of study is the earth. For instance an archeologist would study sediments so they could understand how it affected man's life in a given time and place. A geologist would study the sediments so they could understand what type of materials it is made of.